Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Around 450 hospital orderlies and cleaners at three hospitals in the county
    of Frederiksborg went on strike on 16 August 1999 in protest against a
    proposal by the county council - headed by county mayor,Lars Lykke Rasmussen-
    that all hospital orderly and cleaning work should be put out to tender by
    private companies. The unofficial strike was a culmination of a long period
    of dissatisfaction with statements from counties and municipalities in the
    metropolitan area that they will outsource a large number of public tasks to
    the private sector to achieve budget cuts. The Danish Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisationen Danmark, LO) organisation in the Copenhagen area
    stated that the outsourcing plans indicated disdain for the municipal and
    county employees and their performance over many years, and warned directly
    that labour disputes might occur.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    An agreement on teleworking was concluded in June 1999 between the
    state-owned Norwegian oil company Statoil and the Norwegian Oil and
    Petrochemical Workers Union (Norsk Olje- og Petrokjemisk Fagforbund, Nopef).

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 27 May 1999, negotiators for the Federation of Salaried Employees in
    Industry and Services (Privattjänstemannakartellen, PTK) - the bargaining
    cartel for white-collar workers' unions in the private sector - announced
    that they could not accept a final offer from the Swedish Employers'
    Confederation (Svenska arbetsgivareföreningen, SAF) on a new "contribution
    pension" agreement. This agreement would have replaced the existing agreement
    on the supplementary pension scheme for salaried employees in industry and
    services (Industrins och handelns tilläggspensionför tjänstemän,ITP). The
    negotiations over a new collective agreement on the ITP had been continuing
    on off for almost five years, since 1994, and they failed because the trade
    unions could not come to an understanding among themselves. Two of the
    leading unions within PTK, representing more than half of the 620,000
    employees covered by the ITP scheme, refused to accept. The other 26 unions
    within the cartel decided, after long discussions, to follow this refusal,
    although they had initially accepted the offer. The dissenting unions were
    the Union for Technical and Clerical Employees in Industry (Svenska
    Industritjänstemannaförbundet, SIF) and the Association of Management and
    Professional Staff (Ledarna).

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The dispute between the Scandinavian Airlines Systems (SAS) and its ground
    staff was resolved after a meeting between management and trade union
    representatives on 9 August 1999 in Stockholm, Sweden. On 14 July 1999,
    Norwegian ground staff who are members of the SAS Personnel Club (SAS
    Personalklubb) had resorted to industrial action, and refused to work
    overtime, in protest against the airline's possible plans to increase company
    earnings by means of outsourcing approximately 7,000 jobs in Norway, Sweden
    and Denmark (NO9907143N [1]). More SAS employees joined the strike on 27


  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 20 July 1999, the government decided to finance the training of up to
    4,000 young people, if they cannot find training places with employers in
    1999-2000. This is the same allocation as for 1998-9 (AT9803175N [1]), when
    3,600 young people were placed - 2,100 in 10-month training courses and 1,500
    in three-year "apprenticeship-foundation" courses. Training course
    participants must have a ninth-grade school-leaving diploma (the ninth grade
    is around 15 years of age) and receive about half the regular apprentice's
    remuneration, while foundation course participants have not usually completed
    the ninth grade and receive three-quarters of the normal apprentice's


  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Statistics presented in June 1999 and produced by Statistics Sweden
    (Statistiska Centralbyrån) in cooperation with the Swedish National Board
    for Industrial and Technical Development (NUTEK), show a 9% fall in the
    establishment of new companies between 1997 and 1998. In 1998, a total of
    33,860 new companies were started, compared with 37,040 in 1997. For the
    preceding years, the corresponding figures were: 1996 - 36,010; 1995 -
    35,000; and 1994 - 34,670. The new companies created 55,200 new jobs in 1998,
    of which 26,000 were full-time jobs, the statistics also show. The equivalent
    figures for 1997 were 63,000 new jobs and 32,300 full-time jobs. The
    reduction has been most evident in the northern counties of Sweden - 22% in
    Gävleborg, 20% in Västernorrland and 16% in Västerbotten. The statistics
    are based on genuine new start-ups involving the establishment of new
    activities. The statistics do not include changes of ownership or of legal
    status, or other restructuring.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    An informal Labour and Social Affairs Council of Ministers meeting was held
    under the Finnish Presidency in Oulu, Finland from 8 to 10 July 1999, with
    the participation of the European-level social partners and the European
    Parliament. In line with the priorities of Finnish labour market policy in
    recent years (FI9708125F [1]), the Finnish government - which took over the
    EU Presidency in July 1999 - was keen to shift the focus of labour market
    policy away from youth unemployment towards the problems facing older
    workers. Ministers expressed concern at the lack of older workers in the
    labour market.


  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) held its ninth Statutory
    Congress in Helsinki from 29 June to 2 July 1999 (EU9907182F [1]). The event
    coincided with the beginning of Finland's six-month term in the EU Presidency
    and on 1 July a delegation presented a memorandum to the Finnish Prime
    Minister and EU President in Office, Paavo Lipponen. The delegation consisted
    of the ETUC president, Fritz Verzetnitsch, and general secretary, Emilio
    Gabaglio, plus Lauri Ihalainen, chair of the Central Organisation of Finnish
    Trade Unions (Suomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjärjestö, SAK), Esa Swanljung,
    chair of the Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees
    (Toimihenkilökeskusjärjestö, STTK) and Risto Piekka, chair of the
    Confederation of Unions for Academic Professionals (Akateemisten
    Toimihenkilöiden Keskusjärjestö, AKAVA). The memorandum sets out ETUC's
    demands, proposals and recommendations for the EU Presidency.


  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Negotiations have been going on for several months between the Belgian
    Bankers' Association (BVB/ABB) and the various trade unions involved -
    ACV/CSC, ABVV/FGTB and ACLVB/CGSLB- on a new national collective agreement
    for the banking sector. However, the talks became completely deadlocked in
    June 1999. The trade unions had already called several short stoppages and
    lightning strikes, but discontent about the failure to secure an agreement
    continued to mount and a one-day national strike was organised by the unions
    for 9 July.


  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

Forthcoming publications