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  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In a survey by the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), published on 13
    September 1999 and coinciding with the start of the annual conference of the
    Trades Union Congress (UK9909128N [1]), 85% of firms questioned thought that
    the administrative burden caused by employment legislation has increased over
    the past year, 17% believing that it had "increased a lot". The impact of the
    EU working time Directive is reported to be "causing easily the most
    headaches".

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/trade-unions-debate-future-strategy

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In order to promote the growth of supplementary pension funds, in autumn 1999
    the Italian government has proposed scrapping the end-of-service allowance
    (Tfr), a part of workers' pay which is put aside and paid in a lump sum at
    the end of the employment relationship. Two alternatives are being
    considered: compulsory payment of the Tfr into supplementary pension funds,
    or its gradual inclusion in workers' pay packets. The social partners are
    sceptical.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In September 1999, the European Commission's review of Member States'
    employment policies drew attention to Belgium's low rate of employment among
    workers aged over 55. This view has been supported by the FEB/VBO employers'
    organisation, but challenged by the FGTB/ABVV trade union confederation.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The Norwegian United Federation of Trade Unions (Fellesforbundet) held its
    third national convention on 18-23 September 1999. Fellesforbundet is
    Norway's second largest trade union, with nearly 160,000 members in the
    metalworking, building, paper, agricultural and textiles industries. At the
    top of the agenda was the issue of international coordination of collective
    bargaining, with an emphasis on European coordination (TN9907201S [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/erm/comparative-information/the-europeanisation-of-collective-bargaining

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The board of directors of the Finnish-Swedish forestry products (wood, paper
    etc) group Stora Enso decided in April 1999 to establish a stock option
    programme for some employees. The final details of the programme were
    presented in August 1999, and it has been revealed that it covers about 200
    "key employees", that is managers and other senior staff, out of a total
    workforce of some 40,000. The participants in the programme have been
    guaranteed seven-year options that may be exercised from 15 July 2002. The
    options are so-called "synthetic options" that can be exercised against cash.
    The price is EUR 11.75 per share and the options are not transferable and
    expire if the employee leaves the company.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In 9 September 1999, the European Commission issued the draft 1999 Joint
    Employment Report [1] and the draft Employment Guidelinesfor 2000 [2]. The
    former charts the progress made by different Member States in the
    implementation of the 1999 Employment Guidelines [3] (EU9810130F [4]) and the
    impact of these measures on the Community's overall employment performance,
    and when finalised will be submitted by the Commission and the Council of
    Ministers to the European Council meeting in Helsinki in December 1999. The
    latter draw on these findings to make recommendations on priorities for EU
    and Member State employment policies in the coming year. In addition, the
    Commission proposed that the Council of Ministers make a series of
    recommendations to individual Member States on the implementation of their
    employment policies. The aim is both to emphasise the policy areas where
    Member States need to take further action, and to suggest indicators for the
    monitoring of any resulting improvements in the labour market situation.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl2000/jer99_en.pdf
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl2000/eg2000_en.pdf
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/empl&esf/empl99/guide_en.htm
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/draft-employment-guidelines-for-1999-emphasise-continuity

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In 1998, working time was a major topic of debate among Spain's social
    partners. However, statistics on 1998's collective bargaining on working
    hours, published by the Economic and Social Council in summer 1999, reveal no
    great surprises and a few contradictory tendencies.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In September 1999, the views of Finland's social partners over a possible new
    national incomes policy agreement were being sounded out. The willingness to
    conclude a new incomes policy deal may have been strengthened by the report
    of a tripartite fact-finding commission on the practical implementation of
    the last two incomes policy agreements, which finds that purchasing power has
    grown considerably faster than envisaged when the agreements were signed.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In early August 1999, a shop steward for the Belgian General Federation of
    Labour (Fédération Générale du Travail de Belgique/Algemeen Belgisch
    Vakverbond, FGTB/ABVV) was made redundant by Carnoy, a manufacturer of metal
    pipes based in Wondelgem near Ghent, for "pressing reasons". Workers promptly
    launched strike action, with official recognition by the three trade unions
    represented at the company. The administrative staff did not participate in
    the strike, and were prevented from accessing the site by flying pickets.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    A ruling by the municipal court of Oslo on 18 August 1999 stipulates that the
    practice of closed shop is not prohibited by domestic Norwegian law, and only
    partially prohibited by the European human rights convention (ECHR). Three
    international human rights declarations were incorporated into the Norwegian
    legal framework, by means of a human rights Act in May 1999, among them the
    ECHR (no9812104f [1]). In the case filed against the Norwegian People's Aid
    (Norsk Folkehjelp), an aid organisation connected to the labour movement, by
    a former employee, the issues considered were the legality of temporary
    employment contracts, unfair dismissal and the legality of contractual closed
    shop clauses. The plaintiff recovered judgement for the first two claims, and
    as such was rewarded damages, but failed in the latter claim concerning
    contractual closed shop arrangements.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations-law-and-regulation/human-rights-and-norwegian-labour-law

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications