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  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    A conflict at the Magna Auteca automotive components manufacturer has led to
    debate over the appropriateness of works councils in Austria. The concern
    currently has no works council and a dispute with trade unions over the issue
    came to a head recently An employee who at a staff meeting in December 1998
    made it known that she favoured the establishment of a works council was
    dismissed in February 1999. Supported by the Union of Metal, Mining, and
    Energy Workers (Gewerkschaft Metall-Bergbau-Energie, GMBE) she has been
    alleging that the two events are connected - which would make her dismissal
    illegal - and has sued the company for reinstatement. The case is currently
    before the courts (AT9907157N [1]), though the verdict will not be returned
    until spring 2000. Magna management states that the dismissal occurred
    because of conflicts between the worker - who until May 1998 was an elected
    "spokesperson" within Magna's internal system of employee representation -
    and a department head, in which the other employees took the side of the
    latter. Meanwhile the case has turned into a fierce conflict between Magna
    and GMBE, which has led to further court action for libel. GMBE at one point
    stated that it would form an international front against Magna, in which it
    intended to enlist trade unions in Canada, the USA, the Czech Republic, the
    UK and Germany. In late August 1999, works councils around Austria were asked
    to write letters to newspapers denouncing Magna and its actions, a move which
    was quickly exposed by Magna.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/magna-charter-vs-works-council

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In September 1999, the views of Finland's social partners over a possible new
    national incomes policy agreement were being sounded out. The willingness to
    conclude a new incomes policy deal may have been strengthened by the report
    of a tripartite fact-finding commission on the practical implementation of
    the last two incomes policy agreements, which finds that purchasing power has
    grown considerably faster than envisaged when the agreements were signed.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In early August 1999, a shop steward for the Belgian General Federation of
    Labour (Fédération Générale du Travail de Belgique/Algemeen Belgisch
    Vakverbond, FGTB/ABVV) was made redundant by Carnoy, a manufacturer of metal
    pipes based in Wondelgem near Ghent, for "pressing reasons". Workers promptly
    launched strike action, with official recognition by the three trade unions
    represented at the company. The administrative staff did not participate in
    the strike, and were prevented from accessing the site by flying pickets.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    Since 1998, systems for jointly resolving labour conflicts out of court
    created by the social partners have progressed greatly in Spain, helping
    promote a framework of industrial relations founded less on the courts and
    more on collective autonomy. As well as the SIMA national joint
    dispute-resolution body, by autumn 1999, all but one of Spain's 17 autonomous
    communities had their own regional body.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    During 1999, seven companies in the Ericsson telecommunications group became
    covered by an agreement concluded by the parent company with the Union for
    Technical and Clerical Employees in Industry (Svenska
    Industritjänstemannaförbundet, SIF), the Association of Graduated Engineers
    (Sveriges Civilingenjörsförbund, CF) and the Association of Managerial
    Staff (Ledarna). The agreement contains provisions on six months of extra
    parental leave pay for employees who stay at home with a new baby or a small
    child.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    1999 is the United Nations International Year of Older Persons [1] and in
    acknowledgement of this, the European Commission published in May a
    Communication entitled Towards a Europe for all ages - promoting prosperity
    and intergenerational solidarity(COM(1999) 221 final) [2]. It details the
    demographic, social and economic effects of ageing and proposes strategies
    intending to ensure that an effective policy is in place to support the
    ageing population. The aim of the Communication is to stimulate debate
    between and with Member States.

    [1] http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/iyop/
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-prot/ageing/com99-221/com221_en.pdf

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    From 10 to 17 September 1999, the Austrian Trade Union Federation
    (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) organised a week of action to
    underline its demand for a harmonisation of the legal position of wage
    earners and salary earners (AT9906153N [1]). Legal distinctions between the
    two categories persist in areas such as compensation during sick leave and
    regulations governing dismissal. About 200 events were scheduled in the week
    of action. The opening event took place in a square in Vienna and included
    speeches and a pantomime. It was preceded by 6,000 faxes sent to the Austrian
    Chamber of the Economy (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ), asking it to
    give up its resistance to harmonisation. In other areas, information
    hand-outs and homing pigeons were used in the actions. The public spaces
    around provincial WKÖ headquarters were targeted for activities while others
    took place in companies, without disrupting production.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/wage-and-salary-earners-remain-unequal

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    Finland's current two-year national incomes policy agreement expires in
    January 2000. The AKAVA trade union confederation, which represents
    professional staff, announced in September 1999 that it is seeking a new
    wide-ranging, two-year incomes policy solution which will strengthen the
    Finnish economy, promote employment and "coping" at work, and safeguard the
    positive development in employees' purchasing power of recent years.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In the first six months of 1999, collective bargaining progressed well in
    Spain, according to figures from the CC.OO trade union confederation, though
    greater success has been achieved in revising agreements than in reaching new
    ones. Wage moderation has prevailed, and the agreements contain more clauses
    on employment and on shorter working hours, though the reduction is moderate.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    By making state funding for working time reductions contingent upon a company
    agreement signed by majority trade unions or approval by a majority of the
    employees, France's draft bill for a second law on the 35-hour week - issued
    in summer 1999 - has brought the issue of unions' representative status to
    the fore. Unions are split over the law's provisions on this issue.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications