Publications

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  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    A ruling by the municipal court of Oslo on 18 August 1999 stipulates that the
    practice of closed shop is not prohibited by domestic Norwegian law, and only
    partially prohibited by the European human rights convention (ECHR). Three
    international human rights declarations were incorporated into the Norwegian
    legal framework, by means of a human rights Act in May 1999, among them the
    ECHR (no9812104f [1]). In the case filed against the Norwegian People's Aid
    (Norsk Folkehjelp), an aid organisation connected to the labour movement, by
    a former employee, the issues considered were the legality of temporary
    employment contracts, unfair dismissal and the legality of contractual closed
    shop clauses. The plaintiff recovered judgement for the first two claims, and
    as such was rewarded damages, but failed in the latter claim concerning
    contractual closed shop arrangements.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations-law-and-regulation/human-rights-and-norwegian-labour-law

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    Since 1998, systems for jointly resolving labour conflicts out of court
    created by the social partners have progressed greatly in Spain, helping
    promote a framework of industrial relations founded less on the courts and
    more on collective autonomy. As well as the SIMA national joint
    dispute-resolution body, by autumn 1999, all but one of Spain's 17 autonomous
    communities had their own regional body.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    1999 is the United Nations International Year of Older Persons [1] and in
    acknowledgement of this, the European Commission published in May a
    Communication entitled Towards a Europe for all ages - promoting prosperity
    and intergenerational solidarity(COM(1999) 221 final) [2]. It details the
    demographic, social and economic effects of ageing and proposes strategies
    intending to ensure that an effective policy is in place to support the
    ageing population. The aim of the Communication is to stimulate debate
    between and with Member States.

    [1] http://www.un.org/esa/socdev/iyop/
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-prot/ageing/com99-221/com221_en.pdf

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    During 1999, seven companies in the Ericsson telecommunications group became
    covered by an agreement concluded by the parent company with the Union for
    Technical and Clerical Employees in Industry (Svenska
    Industritjänstemannaförbundet, SIF), the Association of Graduated Engineers
    (Sveriges Civilingenjörsförbund, CF) and the Association of Managerial
    Staff (Ledarna). The agreement contains provisions on six months of extra
    parental leave pay for employees who stay at home with a new baby or a small
    child.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    From 10 to 17 September 1999, the Austrian Trade Union Federation
    (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) organised a week of action to
    underline its demand for a harmonisation of the legal position of wage
    earners and salary earners (AT9906153N [1]). Legal distinctions between the
    two categories persist in areas such as compensation during sick leave and
    regulations governing dismissal. About 200 events were scheduled in the week
    of action. The opening event took place in a square in Vienna and included
    speeches and a pantomime. It was preceded by 6,000 faxes sent to the Austrian
    Chamber of the Economy (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich, WKÖ), asking it to
    give up its resistance to harmonisation. In other areas, information
    hand-outs and homing pigeons were used in the actions. The public spaces
    around provincial WKÖ headquarters were targeted for activities while others
    took place in companies, without disrupting production.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/wage-and-salary-earners-remain-unequal

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    Finland's current two-year national incomes policy agreement expires in
    January 2000. The AKAVA trade union confederation, which represents
    professional staff, announced in September 1999 that it is seeking a new
    wide-ranging, two-year incomes policy solution which will strengthen the
    Finnish economy, promote employment and "coping" at work, and safeguard the
    positive development in employees' purchasing power of recent years.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    By making state funding for working time reductions contingent upon a company
    agreement signed by majority trade unions or approval by a majority of the
    employees, France's draft bill for a second law on the 35-hour week - issued
    in summer 1999 - has brought the issue of unions' representative status to
    the fore. Unions are split over the law's provisions on this issue.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    In the first six months of 1999, collective bargaining progressed well in
    Spain, according to figures from the CC.OO trade union confederation, though
    greater success has been achieved in revising agreements than in reaching new
    ones. Wage moderation has prevailed, and the agreements contain more clauses
    on employment and on shorter working hours, though the reduction is moderate.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The European Commission believes that, in order for social protection to be
    sustainable and progress into the next century, a clear strategy needs to be
    implemented by Member States, with whom responsibility for their respective
    social protection systems ultimately lies. However, in a new Communication
    entitled A concerted strategy for modernising social protection(COM (1999)
    347) [1], issued on 14 July 1999, the Commission also recognises the
    importance of developing a close dialogue between Member States and EU
    institutions on the future of social protection systems. The Communication
    follows up the 1997 Communication

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-prot/social/com99-347/com99-347_en.pdf

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    A governmental committee chaired by special commissioner Hans Stark, a former
    chief judge in the Labour Court, has been reviewing certain parts of the Act
    concerning Equality between Men and Women (jämställdhetslagen, /1991:
    433/). The review has primarily been conducted in order to achieve
    harmonisation with EC equality law, and should also been seen in conjunction
    with the three new Acts forbidding discrimination at work - covering
    discrimination on grounds of ethnic origin, sexual orientation and disability
    - adopted in March 1999 (SE9903148F [1]). The issues that have been
    considered by the committee include the nature of the ban on discrimination
    set out in the Act, damages for victims of discrimination, wage surveys and
    issues related to work evaluation.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/three-new-anti-discrimination-acts-approved-by-parliament

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications