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  • CAR
    27 Září 1999

    Comparative Study [1]
    The comparative study was compiled on the basis of individual national
    reports submitted by EIRO's national centres. The text of each of these
    national reports is available below in Word format. The reports have not been
    edited or approved by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living
    and Working Conditions. The national reports were drawn up in response to a
    questionnaire [2] and should be read in conjunction with it.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/erm/comparative-information/posted-workers-and-the-implementation-of-the-directive
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/sites/default/files/ef_files/eiro/1999/09/word/tn9909q.doc

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    The first half of 1999 saw a substantial increase in the use of temporary
    agency work in Italy. Projections estimate that by the end of the year the
    number of temporary agency workers will stand at 200,000. Agency work is on
    the agenda of the social dialogue between the government and social partners
    in autumn 1999.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    Over 1999, a committee of experts set up in February by the Dutch Minister of
    Social Affairs and Employment has been examining possible reform of the law
    governing dismissal. Although reform of dismissals law has been attempted
    frequently in the past, the prevailing law has remained largely unchanged
    over the last half century. Nonetheless, the law's application in practice
    has changed.

  • Article
    27 Září 1999

    From January 2000, insurance for work-related accidents and occupational
    illnesses will be obligatory for Portugal's numerous self-employed workers,
    many of whom work in the construction sector where the level of accidents is
    the highest. The new legislation is one more step towards defining the status
    of self-employed workers, but the trade unions see it as a means of applying
    pressure to clarify the status of workers in situations of bogus
    self-employment.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 20 April 1999, the first senate of the German Federal Labour Court
    (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) issued a judgment (/1 ABR 72/98/) which
    acknowledged the right of trade unions to bring court cases against employers
    which they accuse of operating a company arrangement that contravenes a
    collective agreement in force. In July 1999, the BAG published a
    comprehensive written statement in which it sets out the reasons for its
    judgment. According to the statement, trade unions have the right to ask that
    employers cease an unlawful company arrangement in order to safeguard the
    unions' constitutional right to freedom of association [1]
    (Koalitionsfreiheit).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/freedom-of-association-right-to-organize-0

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Services, Industrial, Professional and Technical Union (SIPTU), Ireland's
    largest trade union, is in the process of establishing its own internal
    employee forum which is separate from the traditional industrial relations
    processes within the union. The role of SIPTU's staff representative council,
    which deals with industrial relations issues such as pay and conditions, is
    to remain unchanged.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Norwegian United Federation of Trade Unions (Fellesforbundet) and the
    Norwegian Society of Engineers (Norges Ingeniørforbund, NITO) have concluded
    an agreement to collaborate. Fellesforbundet is the largest member union in
    the private sector of the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions
    (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO), and unionises among others blue-collar
    workers in large parts of manufacturing industry as well as the building and
    construction sector. NITO has approximately 45,000 members, 60% of whom work
    in the private sector. NITO is leaving its present confederation, the
    Confederation of Norwegian Professional Associations (Akademikernes
    Fellesorganisasjon, AF) at the end of 1999, and has so far not made clear its
    future confederal affiliation (NO9901111N [1]). It is doubtful that NITO
    regards LO as an option in this regard, although the cooperation agreement
    with Fellesforbundet shows an expressed willingness to strengthen its
    cooperation with LO in the private sector. The two organisations have
    cooperated on an informal basis for a long time.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/nito-board-recommends-leaving-af

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Around 450 hospital orderlies and cleaners at three hospitals in the county
    of Frederiksborg went on strike on 16 August 1999 in protest against a
    proposal by the county council - headed by county mayor,Lars Lykke Rasmussen-
    that all hospital orderly and cleaning work should be put out to tender by
    private companies. The unofficial strike was a culmination of a long period
    of dissatisfaction with statements from counties and municipalities in the
    metropolitan area that they will outsource a large number of public tasks to
    the private sector to achieve budget cuts. The Danish Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisationen Danmark, LO) organisation in the Copenhagen area
    stated that the outsourcing plans indicated disdain for the municipal and
    county employees and their performance over many years, and warned directly
    that labour disputes might occur.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 27 May 1999, negotiators for the Federation of Salaried Employees in
    Industry and Services (Privattjänstemannakartellen, PTK) - the bargaining
    cartel for white-collar workers' unions in the private sector - announced
    that they could not accept a final offer from the Swedish Employers'
    Confederation (Svenska arbetsgivareföreningen, SAF) on a new "contribution
    pension" agreement. This agreement would have replaced the existing agreement
    on the supplementary pension scheme for salaried employees in industry and
    services (Industrins och handelns tilläggspensionför tjänstemän,ITP). The
    negotiations over a new collective agreement on the ITP had been continuing
    on off for almost five years, since 1994, and they failed because the trade
    unions could not come to an understanding among themselves. Two of the
    leading unions within PTK, representing more than half of the 620,000
    employees covered by the ITP scheme, refused to accept. The other 26 unions
    within the cartel decided, after long discussions, to follow this refusal,
    although they had initially accepted the offer. The dissenting unions were
    the Union for Technical and Clerical Employees in Industry (Svenska
    Industritjänstemannaförbundet, SIF) and the Association of Management and
    Professional Staff (Ledarna).

Series

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  • COVID-19

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  • European Working Conditions Surveys

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  • European Restructuring Monitor

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  • Sectoral social dialogue

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  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

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  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications