Publications

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  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In August 1999, Dutch trade unions were angered by the latest evidence of
    increases in senior management salaries far above those awarded to employees
    covered by collective agreements, and the FNV union confederation thus
    threatened to sabotage the Dutch consensus and consultation system (the
    "polder model"). A promise by the VNO-NCW employers' association to urge its
    members to support a moderate wage increase has seemingly warded off the
    crisis.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Historically, the German Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei
    Deutschlands, SPD) and the German socialist trade unions, as opposed to the
    Christian and liberal unions, have the same roots in the labour movement of
    the second half of the 19th century. Since then, the Social Democrats and the
    trade unions have maintained close links.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    As Greece endured a heatwave during August 1999, the GSEE trade union
    confederation issued guidance on the measures which must be taken to combat
    heat exhaustion among workers, while the construction workers' union issued
    its own special recommendations.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    A new paper from the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU), which maps out
    "new ways" for trade unions to deal with challenges posed by the new
    millennium, suggests that even if the social partners fail to agree a
    centralised agreement to replace the current three-year Partnership 2000 [1]
    (P2000) national agreement (IE9702103F [2]), "partnership" remains a viable
    alternative to adversarialism. The paper, entitled /Challenges facing unions
    and Irish society in the new millennium/, was unveiled at the ICTU's
    two-yearly conference which took place in Killarney on 6-8 July 1999
    (IE9907285N [3]).

    [1] http://www.irlgov.ie/taoiseach/publication/p2000/default.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/ictu-conference-sets-scene-for-talks-on-new-deal

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Norwegian government appointed new members to the Technical Calculating
    Committee on Income Settlements (Teknisk Beregningsutvalg for
    Inntektsoppgjørene, TBU) on 25 June 1999, an event which saw the inclusion
    of additional representatives from social partner organisations. The TBU is a
    body which works out a common analytical basis for wage settlements by, among
    other things, estimating wage growth and the wage "carry-over" in different
    sectors. The committee also provides evaluations of issues such as
    developments in real income and national competitiveness. The committee does
    not, however, comment on the coming wage settlements.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In early June 1999, British Steel and the Dutch steel producer Hoogovens
    announced their intention to merge in a deal valued at GBP 3.9 billion. The
    merged entity will be the largest steel firm in Europe and the third biggest
    in the world, producing 22.5 million tonnes of steel per year. As the larger
    of the two parties, British Steel's shareholders will hold a 61.7% stake in
    the new group, while those of Hoogovens, including the Dutch government, will
    hold the remainder. The merger follows other cross-border tie-ups in the
    European steel industry: Usinor of France has joined forces with
    Cockerill-Sambre of Belgium (BE9812158N [1]), while Arbed of Luxembourg and
    Aceralia of Spain have also merged.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/usinor-takes-over-cockerill-sambre-under-union-supervision

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    reportedly wants to change the fundamental structure of Danish industrial
    relations, according to a proposal which is still before the confederation's
    executive committee for approval. It seeks the abolition of the employers'
    right to direct and divide the work, enshrined in the basic agreement [1]
    (hovedaftalen) with the Danish Employers' Confederation (Dansk
    Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) which determines the fundamental rules of the
    labour market, as well as a wider revision of the agreement. The background
    to this proposal, entitled /Welfare is an obligation/, is that LO wants
    greater flexibility in industrial relations, whereby employees and employer
    at the individual workplace level would enter into a contract which
    determines the quantity of work the employees have to perform and the payment
    for this work. It is stated in the introduction to the proposal that "this
    contract should also deal with the working environment, social
    considerations, the division of profits etc. Accordingly, it would be up to
    the wage earners collectively to direct and divide the work and the payment".

    [1] http://www.denmarkemb.org/labor/lab12.htm

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 20 April 1999, the first senate of the German Federal Labour Court
    (Bundesarbeitsgericht, BAG) issued a judgment (/1 ABR 72/98/) which
    acknowledged the right of trade unions to bring court cases against employers
    which they accuse of operating a company arrangement that contravenes a
    collective agreement in force. In July 1999, the BAG published a
    comprehensive written statement in which it sets out the reasons for its
    judgment. According to the statement, trade unions have the right to ask that
    employers cease an unlawful company arrangement in order to safeguard the
    unions' constitutional right to freedom of association [1]
    (Koalitionsfreiheit).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/freedom-of-association-right-to-organize-0

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Services, Industrial, Professional and Technical Union (SIPTU), Ireland's
    largest trade union, is in the process of establishing its own internal
    employee forum which is separate from the traditional industrial relations
    processes within the union. The role of SIPTU's staff representative council,
    which deals with industrial relations issues such as pay and conditions, is
    to remain unchanged.

Series

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications