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  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In July 1999, the FEB/VBO employers' organisation responded to the coalition
    agreement of Belgium's new government. It welcomes the new coalition's
    intention to reduce employers' social charges, but firmly rejects any
    measures to encourage reductions in working time or any negotiations on this
    subject. The employers also demand structural reforms of social security.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    in late July 1999, the French cabinet approved the second bill on the 35-hour
    week, which follows up the first law on the subject adopted in June 1998. The
    new bill establishes a two-year "adjustment period", in particular for the
    question of overtime payments.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Sport is a growth industry in the Netherlands, and has attracted increasing
    attention from the government and trade unions. Furthermore, the Flexibility
    and Security Act, drastically changing Dutch law on employment contracts,
    which came into force in January 1999, sowed confusion among employers and
    employees in the sports sector. Recent developments include a collective
    agreement for professional footballers, which came into force on 1 July 1999.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    A meeting organised in July 1999 by the Economic and Social Council and the
    Commission for Equality in Employment and in the Workplace provided an
    opportunity to assess the progress of equal opportunities for women and men
    in Portugal. Various initiatives have been taken under the Global Plan for
    equality, and the National Action Plan for employment incorporates equality
    measures. However, considerable occupational and pay discrimination persists.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The 1998 strike statistics, published in summer 1999 by the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB), shows the year
    to have been free of strikes, including unauthorised strikes. After 1994 and
    1996, this was the third year in the 1990s without strike activity, while in
    1995 the figure was near nil (AT9707124N [1]). In 1997, there were 153,000
    hours, or 1,913 days, of strike action in the public service when internal
    revenue and customs staff struck twice in June, involving about 25,800
    participants (AT9706117F [2])- there were thus about 0.3 minutes of strike
    action per Austrian employee.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/another-year-without-strikes
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/civil-service-strikes

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The chair of the Finnish Metalworkers' Union, affiliated to the SAK
    confederation, announced in August 1999 that a deal guaranteeing a steady
    rise in real wages could be sufficient for the country's next national
    incomes policy agreement. At the same time, however, some other SAK
    affiliates, such as the Paper Workers' Union, have stressed the importance of
    solving sector-specific problems.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In July 1999, the UIMM employers' organisation and the main trade unions -
    except CGT - concluded an agreement on a new form of early retirement for
    workers employed by French automobile manufacturers and their subsidiaries.
    The agreement is contingent on public financing of part of the cost of the
    pensions, a question which the government is to decide on in autumn 1999.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In September 1999, the Institute of Labour of Greece's GSEE and the ADEDY
    trade union confederations issues its first /Annual economic and employment
    outlook/. Such reports have long been produced by employers, the central bank
    and the Ministry of National Economy. The report finds that Greece is very
    likely to meet the nominal convergence conditions for EMU membership on 1
    January 2001, while real convergence is being achieved thanks to an effective
    policy of demand management. However, despite rapid economic and employment
    growth, the unemployment rate is rising.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In 1999, the number of interest groups representing self-employed people
    without employees in the Netherlands has rapidly grown, while some trade
    unions affiliated to the FNV confederation now also include these individuals
    as a target group for recruitment. The increase in self-employment without
    staff stems from the healthy economic situation, diminished social security
    for employees and perceived greater opportunities for people to apply their
    talents in a self-employed capacity. Whether the current trend will continue
    in the future remains to be seen.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications