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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Following the publication of statistics indicating a sharp rise in
    unemployment in Greece, and government analyses of the connection between
    unemployment and the increased presence of immigrants, the GSEE trade union
    confederation has reiterated its positions on addressing rising unemployment
    and on dealing with economic immigrants.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, after long-running protest actions, three trade unions - UGT,
    CC.OO and UTS - reached agreement with Telefónica, the Spanish
    telecommunications provider. The unions have agreed a redundancy procedure
    affecting 10,800 workers and a new collective agreement that guarantees the
    employment and working conditions of the rest of the employees.

  • CAR
    27 Červenec 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The Confederation of Vocational Unions (Yrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund,
    YS) held its eighth national conference [1] on 15-16 June 1999. The YS chair,
    Randi Bjørgen was re-elected for a second period, and at the top of the
    agenda was the proposed creation of a new trade union confederation with the
    Confederation of Academic and Professional Associations (Akademikernes
    Fellesorganisasjon, AF). In her opening speech, Ms Bjørgen also announced
    willingness for closer cooperation with the Norwegian Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO). The Confederation of Norwegian
    Business and Industry (Næringslivets Hovedorganisasjon, NHO) was heavily
    criticised for allegedly undermining the legitimacy of the national system of
    collective bargaining.

    [1] http://www.ys.no/kongress99/index.htm

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    An analysis of labour disputes in 1998, published by the Office for National
    Statistics in the June 1999 issue of /Labour Market Trends/, showed that
    strike activity remains at its lowest level since records began in 1891. The
    number of recorded disputes was the smallest ever and the number of workers
    involved the fewest for 70 years, while the number of days not worked because
    of industrial action was lower than in every previous year except 1997.
    Stoppages in summer 1998 on the railways and the London Underground
    (UK9806132N [1]) accounted for much of the latter figure.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/rail-and-underground-workers-vote-for-industrial-action

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In a ruling issued on 8 June 1999, the Supreme Court (Højesteret) rejected
    the argument that it should be illegal for trade unions and employers'
    organisations to conclude closed-shop agreements. Under such agreements, in
    order to be able to work at a certain workplace, an employee has to be a
    member of the trade union with which the employer has concluded the
    closed-shop agreement. The ruling came in case against the Danish Cooperative
    Society (Foreningen af Danske Brugser, FDB), brought by Denmark's Free Trade
    Union (Danmarks Frie Fagforening, DFF) on grounds of alleged violation of the
    Council of Europe's Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and
    Fundamental Freedoms by operating a closed-shop agreement. In its ruling, the
    Supreme Court clearly rejected the idea that such a violation had occurred.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, the Federal Statistical Office (Statistisches Bundesamt)
    published new figures on the development of annual incomes in the
    manufacturing sector. According to the statistics, a full-time employee in
    manufacturing earned an average of DEM 68,646 in 1998, including collectively
    agreed annual income as well as other annual bonuses (Christmas bonus,
    holiday bonus, annual profit-sharing payments etc). In comparison with the
    previous year, average income increased by about 2.6% in 1998.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Since the UK introduced its National Minimum Wage in April 1999 (UK9904196F
    [1]), Ireland is the only EU Member State that currently has no provisions
    for either a statutory or collectively agreed national minimum wage, or a
    system of legally-binding industry-level collective agreements setting
    minimum pay rates across almost all sectors of the economy. Not for long,
    however: the current Fianna Fail/Progressive Democrat coalition government
    has committed itself to introducing a National Minimum Wage (NMW) in April
    2000. A rate of IEP 4.40 per hour for full-time adult workers (and IEP 3.08
    for those aged under 18) has been proposed, following the publication of a
    report by the National Minimum Wage Commission (NMWC) in April 1998
    (IE9804246F [2]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/the-uks-first-national-minimum-wage
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/ireland-set-to-introduce-a-national-minimum-wage-in-2000

  • CAR
    27 Červenec 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

Series

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications