Publications

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    in late July 1999, the French cabinet approved the second bill on the 35-hour
    week, which follows up the first law on the subject adopted in June 1998. The
    new bill establishes a two-year "adjustment period", in particular for the
    question of overtime payments.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    A meeting organised in July 1999 by the Economic and Social Council and the
    Commission for Equality in Employment and in the Workplace provided an
    opportunity to assess the progress of equal opportunities for women and men
    in Portugal. Various initiatives have been taken under the Global Plan for
    equality, and the National Action Plan for employment incorporates equality
    measures. However, considerable occupational and pay discrimination persists.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Sport is a growth industry in the Netherlands, and has attracted increasing
    attention from the government and trade unions. Furthermore, the Flexibility
    and Security Act, drastically changing Dutch law on employment contracts,
    which came into force in January 1999, sowed confusion among employers and
    employees in the sports sector. Recent developments include a collective
    agreement for professional footballers, which came into force on 1 July 1999.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The 1998 strike statistics, published in summer 1999 by the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB), shows the year
    to have been free of strikes, including unauthorised strikes. After 1994 and
    1996, this was the third year in the 1990s without strike activity, while in
    1995 the figure was near nil (AT9707124N [1]). In 1997, there were 153,000
    hours, or 1,913 days, of strike action in the public service when internal
    revenue and customs staff struck twice in June, involving about 25,800
    participants (AT9706117F [2])- there were thus about 0.3 minutes of strike
    action per Austrian employee.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/another-year-without-strikes
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/civil-service-strikes

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The chair of the Finnish Metalworkers' Union, affiliated to the SAK
    confederation, announced in August 1999 that a deal guaranteeing a steady
    rise in real wages could be sufficient for the country's next national
    incomes policy agreement. At the same time, however, some other SAK
    affiliates, such as the Paper Workers' Union, have stressed the importance of
    solving sector-specific problems.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In July 1999, the UIMM employers' organisation and the main trade unions -
    except CGT - concluded an agreement on a new form of early retirement for
    workers employed by French automobile manufacturers and their subsidiaries.
    The agreement is contingent on public financing of part of the cost of the
    pensions, a question which the government is to decide on in autumn 1999.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In September 1999, the Institute of Labour of Greece's GSEE and the ADEDY
    trade union confederations issues its first /Annual economic and employment
    outlook/. Such reports have long been produced by employers, the central bank
    and the Ministry of National Economy. The report finds that Greece is very
    likely to meet the nominal convergence conditions for EMU membership on 1
    January 2001, while real convergence is being achieved thanks to an effective
    policy of demand management. However, despite rapid economic and employment
    growth, the unemployment rate is rising.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Danish trade union movement lost another union when a substantial
    majority of the members of the Danish Union of Graphical Workers (Grafisk
    Forbund) - an affiliate of the Danish Federation of Trade Unions,
    (Landorganisationen i Danmark, LO) - voted to dissolve the organisation in a
    ballot held on 9 June 1999. There was an unusually large turnout for a trade
    union ballot, with 82% of the union's 23,000 members voting, and of these 62%
    voted to dissolve the union, which had existed in its current form for only
    six years. General secretaryTom Durbing and the union leadership had
    recommended this course of action, and the general secretary was relieved at
    the clear decision.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In August 1999, Italy's main transport workers' trade unions signed an
    agreement with the Atac-Cotral group, which is responsible for public
    transport services in Rome and Lazio. The most innovative aspect of the
    agreement concerns the use of 400 temporary agency workers for a four-month
    period starting from September 1999.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications