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  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 1 September 1999, 100 years have passed since the two most prominent
    social partner confederations in Denmark - the Danish Employers'
    Confederation (Dansk Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) and the Danish Confederation
    of Trade Unions (Landsordanisationen i Danmark, LO) - concluded the
    "September compromise" (Septemberforliget), the first basic agreement on the
    regulation of Danish industrial relations. The main principles of this
    agreement are still valid. Hardly any other event in recent history has
    contributed more than the September compromise to the development of Danish
    society as a "consensus society", in which conflicts between groups and
    classes are resolved through compromises on the basis of mutual respect.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    On 4 August 1999, the trade and industry secretary Stephen Byers published a
    consultation document setting out the government's proposals for a statutory
    right for working parents to take parental leave and for improved maternity
    leave arrangements. The legislation will take the form of Regulations, and
    will take effect from 15 December 1999 - the deadline for implementing the
    requirements of the EU Council Directive on parental leave (96/34/EC) [1].

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31996L0034&model=guichett

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In late July 1999, a preliminary agreement on an "employment pact for the
    city of Milan" was signed by the city's municipal administration, the trade
    union confederations - with the important exception of Cgil - and the
    employers' associations. Under the deal, September will see the start of
    local-level consultations and dialogue aimed at drawing up pay and employment
    measures to promote the entry into employment of weaker sections of the
    labour force - immigrants, long-term unemployed workers, workers over 40
    expelled from the labour market, and disadvantaged young people. The Milan
    Cgil organisation has pulled out of the talks because it fears that the
    proposals for pay and employment contract flexibility put forward by the city
    council will open the way for more precarious forms of employment.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In August 1999, several Dutch trade union organisations announced plans to
    support their members with financial advice and professional education, thus
    further developing the role of unions away from their traditional collective
    bargaining function.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    At the end of July 1999, a second bargaining session was held between
    representatives of the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) and of
    employers' organisations, for the purpose of discussing a reduction of the
    working week to 35 hours without loss of pay. The parties agreed to set up a
    joint committee to consider the matter.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Euro-FIET held its annual meeting of representatives of European finance
    workers' trade unions in Portugal in May 1999. The main themes were
    globalisation and the consequences of the euro single currency. The event
    also gave Portuguese unions the opportunity to express their views on these
    issues.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In a recent high-profile incident, a Muslim woman of Lebanese origin was
    rejected for employment by Denmark's two largest supermarket chains because
    she refused, if employed, to remove the headscarf that she wore according to
    Muslim tradition. The woman concerned, Maria Mawla, brought the matter to to
    attention of the press in late July 1999. The national supermarket chains
    concerned - the Danish Consumer Cooperative (Forenede Danske Brugsforeninger,
    FDB) and Dansk Supermarked- refused to employ Muslim women in headscarves to
    work at check-out desks or other visible places in their outlets. They
    claimed that: individual headgear is contrary to their ways and customs;
    headscarves are unhygienic and not compatible with the stores' principles
    concerning uniforms; and the presence of staff in headscarves may put off
    many customers.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Much comment has been passed on the changing gender composition of trade
    union membership in the UK (UK9712184F [1]) and recent membership figures
    underline these trends. The 1998 Labour Force Survey indicated that union
    membership amongst women had increased by 60,000 on the previous year. Union
    density amongst women in the UK has stabilised at 28%, and women make up
    almost 39% of the UK's total union membership.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined/the-trade-unionist-of-the-1990s

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications