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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    At the end of June 1999, trade unions and employers in private sector
    industry appointed eight impartial chairs for their forthcoming collective
    bargaining round. Under the March 1997 agreement on cooperation and pay
    regulation in the industry sector (SE9703110N [1]), such impartial chairs on
    their own initiative join the negotiations over a new collective agreement
    one month before the existing agreement is to expire and ensure that the
    negotiations end in due time. The 1997 agreement was signed by eight trade
    union federations and 12 employers' associations, representing some 10,000
    companies and 800,000 employees. The aims of the agreement include the
    conclusion of new collective agreements without any strikes or lock-outs.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-agreement-on-cooperation-and-bargaining-procedure-in-swedish-industry

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Magna International, one of the world's major automotive components
    manufacturers, based in Canada, and founded and owned by a 1950s Austrian
    emigrant, in 1998 acquired the Austrian Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG (SDP) for about
    ATS 4 billion. At the same time, Magna continued to expand its own Austrian
    operations. It has, by its own reckoning, so far invested ATS 11 billion in
    Austria and created 1,300 jobs while cutting 100 jobs in one of the SDP
    plants. While engineering jobs are carried out for a wide variety of
    customers, much of the manufacturing output is destined for Daimler-Chrysler.
    Recently, major orders were also received from BMW's Rover subsidiary, from
    Opel and Saab ( the two General Motors subsidiaries), and from Volkswagen.
    The latter order is expected to create another 300 jobs. Magna, however, is
    threatening to divert the investment to Hungary or Germany because it feels
    that its welcome in Austria has soured and its treatment has become unfair.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The president of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), Sir Clive
    Thompson, has sparked controversy by warning that the much-discussed concept
    of partnership may be hiding a "damaging build-up of trade union influence".
    His remarks, made in a speech to an audience of employers on 23 June 1999,
    have been strongly criticised by union leaders and have highlighted the
    diverging interpretations placed on the idea of partnership by different
    groups of practitioners and policymakers. The Trades Union Congress (TUC) has
    been actively promoting the concept of union-based partnership at work, but
    the government and employers' organisations are unwilling to accept that
    partnership arrangements necessarily require union involvement (UK9906108F
    [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/tucs-partnership-agenda-wins-qualified-support-from-government-and-employers

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, sectoral trade unions and employers' associations signed a new
    national collective agreement for Italy's banking industry. The main
    innovations in the deal concern the redefinition of the area covered by the
    agreement, the creation of a new "executive middle managers" category, the
    renewal of the industrial relations system, working time reduction and pay
    increases.

  • CAR
    27 Červenec 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    As is the case every year on the same date, the hourly rate of France's
    statutory minimum wage (SMIC) was increased on 1 July 1999. In light of the
    move to the statutory 35-hour working week on 1 January 2000, the government
    deviated from its practice of announcing a greater increase in the SMIC than
    that provided for by the legislation. The creation of of a wage supplement
    for those employees who have moved to the 35-hour week means that there will
    be two parallel monthly SMIC rates for some time.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    From 29 June to 2 July 1999, 500 delegates from 33 countries attended the
    ninth Statutory Congress of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) in
    Helsinki. Issues debated ranged from the importance of combining Economic and
    Monetary Union with employment and social progress, to the role of trade
    unions in a changing world of work, equality of opportunity, union
    participation in the process of enlargement and the provision of aid for
    economic and democratic reconstruction in Kosovo.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    At the end of 1998, membership of the Austrian Trade Union Federation
    (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) stood at 1,480,016, or 17,568
    less than at the end of 1997. This is a reduction of 1.2%. The number of
    women members decreased by 0.7% to 471,091, while the number of men fell by
    1.4% to 1,008,925. The share of women among ÖGB members thus climbed to
    31.8%, the highest since 1945. The number of young people (below the age of
    22) and apprentices increased by 4.2% to 51,972, after having fallen below
    50,000 in 1997. The number of (white-collar) salary earners in membership
    dropped by 1.0%, compared with 4.2% in 1997. In the public sector (including
    the railways and posts/telecommunications) membership declined by 2,228 or
    0.4% to 588,269 while the number of (blue-collar) wage earners in the private
    sector declined by 12,038 or 2.0% to 577,501 following a loss of 2.9% in
    1997.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    It is expected that the fate of the Forges de Clabecq steelworks will be
    sealed on 15 June 1997. However, whatever the outcome of the recovery
    operation by the Swiss-Italian industrial concern, Duferco, something will
    have changed in this Belgian enterprise located some 15 miles from Brussels
    in the province of Brabant. Beyond the event in itself - the closure of a
    firm leading to the loss of 1,800 jobs - which has not itself been
    exceptional over the last few months in Belgium, it is the style of activity
    undertaken by the Forges de Clabecq union delegation [1] that has revealed a
    new union climate.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/union-delegation

Series

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    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications