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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 14 January 1999, the central European-level social partners - the Union of
    Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European
    Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General
    Economic Interest (CEEP) and the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) -
    reached a draft framework agreement on the rights of workers on fixed-term
    contracts [1] (EU9901147F [2]). The text was officially signed on 18 March
    1999, after ratification by the statutory bodies of the three organisations
    (EU9903162N [3]).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/social/fixed_en.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/social-partners-reach-draft-framework-agreement-on-fixed-term-contracts
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-sign-fixed-term-contracts-agreement

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The president of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), Sir Clive
    Thompson, has sparked controversy by warning that the much-discussed concept
    of partnership may be hiding a "damaging build-up of trade union influence".
    His remarks, made in a speech to an audience of employers on 23 June 1999,
    have been strongly criticised by union leaders and have highlighted the
    diverging interpretations placed on the idea of partnership by different
    groups of practitioners and policymakers. The Trades Union Congress (TUC) has
    been actively promoting the concept of union-based partnership at work, but
    the government and employers' organisations are unwilling to accept that
    partnership arrangements necessarily require union involvement (UK9906108F
    [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/tucs-partnership-agenda-wins-qualified-support-from-government-and-employers

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, sectoral trade unions and employers' associations signed a new
    national collective agreement for Italy's banking industry. The main
    innovations in the deal concern the redefinition of the area covered by the
    agreement, the creation of a new "executive middle managers" category, the
    renewal of the industrial relations system, working time reduction and pay
    increases.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Magna International, one of the world's major automotive components
    manufacturers, based in Canada, and founded and owned by a 1950s Austrian
    emigrant, in 1998 acquired the Austrian Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG (SDP) for about
    ATS 4 billion. At the same time, Magna continued to expand its own Austrian
    operations. It has, by its own reckoning, so far invested ATS 11 billion in
    Austria and created 1,300 jobs while cutting 100 jobs in one of the SDP
    plants. While engineering jobs are carried out for a wide variety of
    customers, much of the manufacturing output is destined for Daimler-Chrysler.
    Recently, major orders were also received from BMW's Rover subsidiary, from
    Opel and Saab ( the two General Motors subsidiaries), and from Volkswagen.
    The latter order is expected to create another 300 jobs. Magna, however, is
    threatening to divert the investment to Hungary or Germany because it feels
    that its welcome in Austria has soured and its treatment has become unfair.

  • CAR
    27 Červenec 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    As is the case every year on the same date, the hourly rate of France's
    statutory minimum wage (SMIC) was increased on 1 July 1999. In light of the
    move to the statutory 35-hour working week on 1 January 2000, the government
    deviated from its practice of announcing a greater increase in the SMIC than
    that provided for by the legislation. The creation of of a wage supplement
    for those employees who have moved to the 35-hour week means that there will
    be two parallel monthly SMIC rates for some time.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    From 29 June to 2 July 1999, 500 delegates from 33 countries attended the
    ninth Statutory Congress of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) in
    Helsinki. Issues debated ranged from the importance of combining Economic and
    Monetary Union with employment and social progress, to the role of trade
    unions in a changing world of work, equality of opportunity, union
    participation in the process of enlargement and the provision of aid for
    economic and democratic reconstruction in Kosovo.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 7 July 1999, the trade and industry secretary Stephen Byers, initiated
    consultations with employer and trade union organisations on two proposed
    amendments to the Working Time Regulations 1998, which seek to implement the
    EU working time Directive (93/104/EC). The amendments - relating to the scope
    of the derogation for "unmeasured working time" and the record-keeping
    requirements for workers who have signed an "individual opt-out" from the
    48-hour limit on average weekly working hours - are intended to "help
    employers come to terms with the Regulations". The government's move follows
    extensive complaints from employers' groups that the working time
    Regulations, which came into force in October 1998 (UK9810154F [1]), have led
    to confusion and increased bureaucracy.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/new-working-time-regulations-take-effect

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, the general council of Italy's Cisl trade union confederation
    decided on a major restructuring of its sectoral federations, which will
    reduce the number of affiliates from 36 to 11.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications