Publications

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, r...Read more

Eurofound publishes its work in a range of publication formats to match audience needs and the nature of the output. These include flagship reports on a particular area of activity, research reports summarising the findings of a research project and policy briefs presenting policy pointers from research projects or facts and figures relevant to policy debates. Also included are blog articles, regular articles on working life in Europe, presentations, working papers providing background material to ongoing or already concluded research, and reports arising from ad hoc requests by policymakers. Other corporate publications include annual reports, brochures and promotional publications. Web databases and online resources such as data visualisation applications are available in Data and resources.

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Latest publications

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In June 1999, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) expressed its
    total opposition to proposals from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to
    reduce the wages of new entrants to the labour market and to cut labour
    costs.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    In summer 1999, Spain's UGT trade union confederation proposed compensating
    workers on the termination of temporary contracts, in order to curb excessive
    use of these contracts by employers. Whilst there has been a recent increase
    in the absolute number of permanent employment contracts signed, by April
    1999 they still represented only 9.6% of the total number of new contracts.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    Decree-Law 119/99 of 14 April 1999, which came into effect on 1 July,
    outlines a new legal framework for unemployment benefits under the general
    social security regime. It applies to all non self-employed workers.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    On 6 June 1999, in discussions chaired by the Chancellor, Gerhard Schröder,
    the German federal government and the collective bargaining parties in the
    construction industry - the German Building, Agriculture and Environmental
    Union (IG Bauen-Agrar-Umwelt, IG BAU) and the employers' associations,
    Hauptverband der Deutschen Bauindustrie (HDB) and Zentralverband des
    Deutschen Baugewerbes (ZDB) - reached an agreement on the principles of a new
    regulation of the bad-weather allowance (Schlechtwettergeld).

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    In mid-June 1999, a report from the National Economic and Social Council
    (NESC) setting out the strategic choices facing Ireland's social partners in
    the first few years of the new millennium was leaked to the Dublin-based
    daily newspaper, the /Irish Independent/. The report, expected to be formally
    published in September 1999, sets out the central issues which the NESC
    believes need to be tackled in any follow-on national programme to replace
    Ireland's current three-year national agreement, Partnership 2000 [1] (P2000)
    (IE9702103F [2]). Pay formation, a central element in any new agreement, is
    highlighted in the draft report, a copy of which has also been seen by EIRO's
    Irish national centre. The various NESC three-year strategy documents which
    have been published since its influential 1986 /Strategy for development/
    report have been key landmarks in the run up to centralised negotiations. The
    NESC is made up of representatives of the various social partner
    organisations.

    [1] http://www.irlgov.ie/taoiseach/publication/p2000/default.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    A new trade union organisation for Norwegian postal workers may soon become a
    reality, after dual membership ballots, held on 6 May 1999, produced a large
    majority in favour of merging the Norwegian Union of Postal Employees (Den
    norske Postorganisasjon, DNP) and the Norwegian Union of Postal Workers
    (Norsk Postforbund, NPF). Both organisations are member unions of the
    Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO).
    DNP has traditionally organised white-collar workers, while NPF has drawn its
    members mainly from blue-collar workers. The new organisation will comprise
    approximately 30,000 employees in the Norwegian postal service, and will
    become operative from 1 July 2000.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    A new Act, defining the working and employment conditions in Swedish labour
    law which apply when an employer established in another country posts
    employees on a temporary basis to Sweden, was accepted by parliament on 20
    May 1999. It will come into force 16 December 1999, in line with the
    provisions of the EU Directive concerning the posting of workers in the
    framework of the provision of services (96/71/EC) [1]. Under the legislation,
    certain rules in Swedish labour law must be applied to posted workers -
    covering paid holidays, working time, the work environment, protection for
    pregnant women and women with new-born children, rotection for young workers
    under 18 years of age and bans on discrimination. The employer is free to
    provide more favourable terms to the employee than laid down in the Directive
    if it so wishes.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31996L0071&model=guichett

Series

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications