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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 7 July 1999, the trade and industry secretary Stephen Byers, initiated
    consultations with employer and trade union organisations on two proposed
    amendments to the Working Time Regulations 1998, which seek to implement the
    EU working time Directive (93/104/EC). The amendments - relating to the scope
    of the derogation for "unmeasured working time" and the record-keeping
    requirements for workers who have signed an "individual opt-out" from the
    48-hour limit on average weekly working hours - are intended to "help
    employers come to terms with the Regulations". The government's move follows
    extensive complaints from employers' groups that the working time
    Regulations, which came into force in October 1998 (UK9810154F [1]), have led
    to confusion and increased bureaucracy.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/new-working-time-regulations-take-effect

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, the general council of Italy's Cisl trade union confederation
    decided on a major restructuring of its sectoral federations, which will
    reduce the number of affiliates from 36 to 11.

  • CAR
    27 Červenec 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The collective agreement for France's banking sector has to be renegotiated
    by 1 January 2000, following the decision in 1998 by the AFB employers'
    organisation to terminate the accord. In June 1999, AFB tabled a draft of a
    new agreement, which has been deemed unacceptable by all the trade unions
    involved.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In June 1999, the Institute of Labour of the Greek General Confederation of
    Labour (INE-GSEE) published a study examining the prevalent orthodox thinking
    in Greece that increases in real wages reduce profitability, investments,
    employment and competitiveness. The study claims that this belief is not
    borne out by the statistical data for Greece.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    At a conference on 10 June 1999, Hans Skov Christensen, the managing director
    of the Confederation of Danish Industries (Dansk Industri, DI) presented a
    proposal for a new system of collective bargaining in Denmark. "It has to be
    a marked exception that a dispute breaks out, and if it occurs it has to be a
    logical consequence of the system's rules", said Mr Christensen. While,
    undoubtedly, disputes could still occur, the possibility of traditional
    industrial action would not not be the basis for all bargaining. Such action,
    according to DI, belongs to the past. Accordingly, DI proposes that the
    current automatic process, whereby notice of an impending dispute is issued
    during the bargaining round, be reconsidered.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In late May 1999, the Dutch Minister of Health and State Secretary for Social
    Affairs adopted a standpoint on the issue of privatised healthcare and
    possible priority treatment for employees. Politicians have thus given the
    green light for offering employees specialised care on a commercial basis for
    work-related medical complaints. Private outpatient centres have long offered
    specialised care, treating problems such as stress and "burn-out".

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 14 July 1999, the European Commission adopted a Communication entitled A
    concerted strategy for modernising social protection [1] (COM(99)347 final).
    The Communication emphasises the key role played by social protection systems
    in supporting public health and well-being and in redistributing wealth. It
    is argued that, without social security transfers, nearly 40% of EU
    households would be living in relative poverty (compared with the actual rate
    of 17%). Spending on social protection accounts for an average of 28.5% of
    GDP.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-prot/social/com99-347/com99-347_en.pdf

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The integrated police law adopted in December 1998, based on agreement
    between Belgium's main political parties, provides for the overhaul of the
    various law-and-order forces (the gendarmerie, criminal-investigation
    department and municipal police), establishing federal and local levels and
    defining a new unified statute for the entire force. Because of the
    importance of the issues at stake, the police reform has caused an
    unprecedented labour dispute during 1999 between police unions and the
    Interior Ministry, leading to a breakdown in negotiations and highlighting
    the complexity of police trade unionism in Belgium.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications