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  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In early June 1999, British Steel and the Dutch steel producer Hoogovens
    announced their intention to merge in a deal valued at GBP 3.9 billion. The
    merged entity will be the largest steel firm in Europe and the third biggest
    in the world, producing 22.5 million tonnes of steel per year. As the larger
    of the two parties, British Steel's shareholders will hold a 61.7% stake in
    the new group, while those of Hoogovens, including the Dutch government, will
    hold the remainder. The merger follows other cross-border tie-ups in the
    European steel industry: Usinor of France has joined forces with
    Cockerill-Sambre of Belgium (BE9812158N [1]), while Arbed of Luxembourg and
    Aceralia of Spain have also merged.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/usinor-takes-over-cockerill-sambre-under-union-supervision

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    reportedly wants to change the fundamental structure of Danish industrial
    relations, according to a proposal which is still before the confederation's
    executive committee for approval. It seeks the abolition of the employers'
    right to direct and divide the work, enshrined in the basic agreement [1]
    (hovedaftalen) with the Danish Employers' Confederation (Dansk
    Arbejdsgiverforening, DA) which determines the fundamental rules of the
    labour market, as well as a wider revision of the agreement. The background
    to this proposal, entitled /Welfare is an obligation/, is that LO wants
    greater flexibility in industrial relations, whereby employees and employer
    at the individual workplace level would enter into a contract which
    determines the quantity of work the employees have to perform and the payment
    for this work. It is stated in the introduction to the proposal that "this
    contract should also deal with the working environment, social
    considerations, the division of profits etc. Accordingly, it would be up to
    the wage earners collectively to direct and divide the work and the payment".

    [1] http://www.denmarkemb.org/labor/lab12.htm

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The president of the Confederation of British Industry (CBI), Sir Clive
    Thompson, has sparked controversy by warning that the much-discussed concept
    of partnership may be hiding a "damaging build-up of trade union influence".
    His remarks, made in a speech to an audience of employers on 23 June 1999,
    have been strongly criticised by union leaders and have highlighted the
    diverging interpretations placed on the idea of partnership by different
    groups of practitioners and policymakers. The Trades Union Congress (TUC) has
    been actively promoting the concept of union-based partnership at work, but
    the government and employers' organisations are unwilling to accept that
    partnership arrangements necessarily require union involvement (UK9906108F
    [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/tucs-partnership-agenda-wins-qualified-support-from-government-and-employers

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, sectoral trade unions and employers' associations signed a new
    national collective agreement for Italy's banking industry. The main
    innovations in the deal concern the redefinition of the area covered by the
    agreement, the creation of a new "executive middle managers" category, the
    renewal of the industrial relations system, working time reduction and pay
    increases.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 14 January 1999, the central European-level social partners - the Union of
    Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European
    Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General
    Economic Interest (CEEP) and the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) -
    reached a draft framework agreement on the rights of workers on fixed-term
    contracts [1] (EU9901147F [2]). The text was officially signed on 18 March
    1999, after ratification by the statutory bodies of the three organisations
    (EU9903162N [3]).

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/soc-dial/social/fixed_en.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/social-partners-reach-draft-framework-agreement-on-fixed-term-contracts
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-sign-fixed-term-contracts-agreement

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Magna International, one of the world's major automotive components
    manufacturers, based in Canada, and founded and owned by a 1950s Austrian
    emigrant, in 1998 acquired the Austrian Steyr-Daimler-Puch AG (SDP) for about
    ATS 4 billion. At the same time, Magna continued to expand its own Austrian
    operations. It has, by its own reckoning, so far invested ATS 11 billion in
    Austria and created 1,300 jobs while cutting 100 jobs in one of the SDP
    plants. While engineering jobs are carried out for a wide variety of
    customers, much of the manufacturing output is destined for Daimler-Chrysler.
    Recently, major orders were also received from BMW's Rover subsidiary, from
    Opel and Saab ( the two General Motors subsidiaries), and from Volkswagen.
    The latter order is expected to create another 300 jobs. Magna, however, is
    threatening to divert the investment to Hungary or Germany because it feels
    that its welcome in Austria has soured and its treatment has become unfair.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    At the end of June 1999, trade unions and employers in private sector
    industry appointed eight impartial chairs for their forthcoming collective
    bargaining round. Under the March 1997 agreement on cooperation and pay
    regulation in the industry sector (SE9703110N [1]), such impartial chairs on
    their own initiative join the negotiations over a new collective agreement
    one month before the existing agreement is to expire and ensure that the
    negotiations end in due time. The 1997 agreement was signed by eight trade
    union federations and 12 employers' associations, representing some 10,000
    companies and 800,000 employees. The aims of the agreement include the
    conclusion of new collective agreements without any strikes or lock-outs.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/new-agreement-on-cooperation-and-bargaining-procedure-in-swedish-industry

  • CAR
    27 Červenec 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

Series

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  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications