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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    From 29 June to 2 July 1999, 500 delegates from 33 countries attended the
    ninth Statutory Congress of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) in
    Helsinki. Issues debated ranged from the importance of combining Economic and
    Monetary Union with employment and social progress, to the role of trade
    unions in a changing world of work, equality of opportunity, union
    participation in the process of enlargement and the provision of aid for
    economic and democratic reconstruction in Kosovo.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    At the end of 1998, membership of the Austrian Trade Union Federation
    (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB) stood at 1,480,016, or 17,568
    less than at the end of 1997. This is a reduction of 1.2%. The number of
    women members decreased by 0.7% to 471,091, while the number of men fell by
    1.4% to 1,008,925. The share of women among ÖGB members thus climbed to
    31.8%, the highest since 1945. The number of young people (below the age of
    22) and apprentices increased by 4.2% to 51,972, after having fallen below
    50,000 in 1997. The number of (white-collar) salary earners in membership
    dropped by 1.0%, compared with 4.2% in 1997. In the public sector (including
    the railways and posts/telecommunications) membership declined by 2,228 or
    0.4% to 588,269 while the number of (blue-collar) wage earners in the private
    sector declined by 12,038 or 2.0% to 577,501 following a loss of 2.9% in
    1997.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 7 July 1999, the trade and industry secretary Stephen Byers, initiated
    consultations with employer and trade union organisations on two proposed
    amendments to the Working Time Regulations 1998, which seek to implement the
    EU working time Directive (93/104/EC). The amendments - relating to the scope
    of the derogation for "unmeasured working time" and the record-keeping
    requirements for workers who have signed an "individual opt-out" from the
    48-hour limit on average weekly working hours - are intended to "help
    employers come to terms with the Regulations". The government's move follows
    extensive complaints from employers' groups that the working time
    Regulations, which came into force in October 1998 (UK9810154F [1]), have led
    to confusion and increased bureaucracy.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/new-working-time-regulations-take-effect

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, the general council of Italy's Cisl trade union confederation
    decided on a major restructuring of its sectoral federations, which will
    reduce the number of affiliates from 36 to 11.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    It is expected that the fate of the Forges de Clabecq steelworks will be
    sealed on 15 June 1997. However, whatever the outcome of the recovery
    operation by the Swiss-Italian industrial concern, Duferco, something will
    have changed in this Belgian enterprise located some 15 miles from Brussels
    in the province of Brabant. Beyond the event in itself - the closure of a
    firm leading to the loss of 1,800 jobs - which has not itself been
    exceptional over the last few months in Belgium, it is the style of activity
    undertaken by the Forges de Clabecq union delegation [1] that has revealed a
    new union climate.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/union-delegation

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    A survey of the most important collective agreements signed in the
    Netherlands so far in 1999, published in June, finds moderate average pay
    increases of 2.7%. The number of agreements on training, flexible pension
    schemes and the accumulation time off has increased in recent years. While
    employers and, to a lesser extent, trade unions are in agreement on the
    issues to be addressed in negotiations during the coming year, both sides
    criticise aspects of the Netherlands' consultation and consensus-based system
    - the "polder model".

  • CAR
    27 Červenec 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The collective agreement for France's banking sector has to be renegotiated
    by 1 January 2000, following the decision in 1998 by the AFB employers'
    organisation to terminate the accord. In June 1999, AFB tabled a draft of a
    new agreement, which has been deemed unacceptable by all the trade unions
    involved.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In June 1999, the Institute of Labour of the Greek General Confederation of
    Labour (INE-GSEE) published a study examining the prevalent orthodox thinking
    in Greece that increases in real wages reduce profitability, investments,
    employment and competitiveness. The study claims that this belief is not
    borne out by the statistical data for Greece.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications

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