Publications

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  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    At the end of July 1999, a second bargaining session was held between
    representatives of the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) and of
    employers' organisations, for the purpose of discussing a reduction of the
    working week to 35 hours without loss of pay. The parties agreed to set up a
    joint committee to consider the matter.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In a recent high-profile incident, a Muslim woman of Lebanese origin was
    rejected for employment by Denmark's two largest supermarket chains because
    she refused, if employed, to remove the headscarf that she wore according to
    Muslim tradition. The woman concerned, Maria Mawla, brought the matter to to
    attention of the press in late July 1999. The national supermarket chains
    concerned - the Danish Consumer Cooperative (Forenede Danske Brugsforeninger,
    FDB) and Dansk Supermarked- refused to employ Muslim women in headscarves to
    work at check-out desks or other visible places in their outlets. They
    claimed that: individual headgear is contrary to their ways and customs;
    headscarves are unhygienic and not compatible with the stores' principles
    concerning uniforms; and the presence of staff in headscarves may put off
    many customers.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Much comment has been passed on the changing gender composition of trade
    union membership in the UK (UK9712184F [1]) and recent membership figures
    underline these trends. The 1998 Labour Force Survey indicated that union
    membership amongst women had increased by 60,000 on the previous year. Union
    density amongst women in the UK has stabilised at 28%, and women make up
    almost 39% of the UK's total union membership.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined/the-trade-unionist-of-the-1990s

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    In August 1999, Dutch trade unions were angered by the latest evidence of
    increases in senior management salaries far above those awarded to employees
    covered by collective agreements, and the FNV union confederation thus
    threatened to sabotage the Dutch consensus and consultation system (the
    "polder model"). A promise by the VNO-NCW employers' association to urge its
    members to support a moderate wage increase has seemingly warded off the
    crisis.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Euro-FIET held its annual meeting of representatives of European finance
    workers' trade unions in Portugal in May 1999. The main themes were
    globalisation and the consequences of the euro single currency. The event
    also gave Portuguese unions the opportunity to express their views on these
    issues.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    Historically, the German Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei
    Deutschlands, SPD) and the German socialist trade unions, as opposed to the
    Christian and liberal unions, have the same roots in the labour movement of
    the second half of the 19th century. Since then, the Social Democrats and the
    trade unions have maintained close links.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    As Greece endured a heatwave during August 1999, the GSEE trade union
    confederation issued guidance on the measures which must be taken to combat
    heat exhaustion among workers, while the construction workers' union issued
    its own special recommendations.

  • Article
    27 Srpen 1999

    A new paper from the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU), which maps out
    "new ways" for trade unions to deal with challenges posed by the new
    millennium, suggests that even if the social partners fail to agree a
    centralised agreement to replace the current three-year Partnership 2000 [1]
    (P2000) national agreement (IE9702103F [2]), "partnership" remains a viable
    alternative to adversarialism. The paper, entitled /Challenges facing unions
    and Irish society in the new millennium/, was unveiled at the ICTU's
    two-yearly conference which took place in Killarney on 6-8 July 1999
    (IE9907285N [3]).

    [1] http://www.irlgov.ie/taoiseach/publication/p2000/default.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/ictu-conference-sets-scene-for-talks-on-new-deal

Series

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

Forthcoming publications

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