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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, the collective agreement archive of the Institute for Economic
    and Social Research (Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut, WSI)
    within the Hans-Böckler Foundation published an interim report on the 1999
    collective bargaining round ("Die Drei vor dem Komma. Eine Zwischenbilanz der
    Lohn- und Gehaltsrunde 1999", Reinhard Bispinck/WSI-Tarifarchiv, WSI
    Informationen zur Tarifpolitik, Juli 1999). According to the WSI study,
    collective bargaining has almost exclusively concerned wages and salaries in
    1999, with other issues playing only a minor role. This is mainly because
    trade unions have concentrated their demands very much on pay claims. After
    some years of only very moderate increases, which sometimes even included
    decreases in real pay, several unions called for an "end of modesty" and
    entered the 1999 bargaining round with pay claims between 5.5% and 6.5%
    (DE9810279F [1]). Employers' associations, however, constantly rejected such
    demands and, instead, argued for a continuation of a policy of wage
    moderation.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/industrial-relations-undefined-working-conditions-labour-market/trade-unions-call-for-a-u-turn-in-pay-policy-in-1999

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, in an unusual event, Spanish prison officers went on strike to
    demand "better wages, an increase in staffing and more respect".

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The revised national Budget for 1999 was passed by the Norwegian parliament
    (Stortinget) on 18 June 1999. The annual procedure for revising the Budget
    enables the government to adjust its economic policy in the light of
    developments that have taken place since the release of the Budget in the
    autumn of the previous year (NO9811100N [1]). In conjunction with the revised
    national Budget, the government also produced an up-to-date analysis of state
    of affairs of the national economy. Statistics Norway (Statistisk
    Sentralbyrå, SSB) and the Bank of Norway (Norges Bank) have also published
    their own economic analysis for spring 1999.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/compromise-reached-over-1999-state-budget

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Since the election of the Labour government in May 1997, much has been made
    of the idea of "partnership" as the new "third way" for UK industrial
    relations - representing, for its advocates, a modern alternative both to the
    entrenched adversarialism of traditional collective bargaining and to the
    unilateral managerialism of the 1980s and 1990s. A government "working
    document" Competitiveness through partnership with people [1] and a Trades
    Union Congress (TUC) statement /Partners for progress/, both published in
    1997, set the tone. Since then, the concept has been promoted by
    organisations such as the Institute of Personnel and Development (UK9811158F
    [2]) and the Involvement and Participation Association. At a TUC-sponsored
    conference in May 1999, the partnership principle (although not every detail
    of the TUC's own agenda) was endorsed by the prime minister, the trade and
    industry secretary and the director general of the Confederation of British
    Industry (UK9906108F [3]).

    [1] http://www.dti.gov.uk/mbp/bpgt/m9m000002/m9m0000021.html
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/ipd-conference-debates-partnership-at-work
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/tucs-partnership-agenda-wins-qualified-support-from-government-and-employers

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In June 1999, the debate on Italy's collective bargaining system was revived
    by a call on the part of employers for greater flexibility and
    decentralisation. Trade unions, though with differing emphases, do not share
    this point of view and stress the importance of maintaining the current
    two-tier bargaining structure. Another issue at stake is the redefinition of
    bargaining units and the possible creation of new sectoral agreements,
    notably for those branches which are affected by privatisation and
    liberalisation processes.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Only 13 of the 22 national affiliated trade unions of the Danish
    Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsforeningen i Danmark, LO) are represented
    on LO's executive committee. Kirsten Nissen, president of the Union of
    Socio-Educational Workers (Socialpædagogernes Landsforbund, SL), which does
    not have an executive committee seat, wants to change this state of affairs.
    At the LO congress in October 1999, she will propose that the present
    executive committee is extended to create a central board with representation
    from all 22 national unions.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Shortly before the 1999 summer recess, the Lower House of the Dutch
    parliament amended a government legislative proposal for unpaid care leave,
    proposing instead a paid arrangement. The proposed 10 days of care leave is
    aimed at enabling employees to take care of their ill children or other
    family members. The Lower House want the arrangement to be funded from the
    existing Unemployment Fund, which is financed by employer and employee
    contributions.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    A conference in June 1999 examined "regional employment networks" in
    Portugal. These networks have been growing in importance as means for
    implementing labour market policies, in line with the objectives of the
    National Action Plan for employment. The social partners have been involved
    in various ways, mostly at the strategic and economic level.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 21 June 1999, the temporary employment agency Adecco
    Personaldienstleistungen GmbH and a bargaining cartel of six trade unions
    signed a "collective agreement on the hiring-out of labour on the occasion of
    the EXPO 2000 world exhibition" (Tarifvertrag zur Arbeitnehmerüberlassung
    anläßlich der Weltausstellung EXPO 2000 [1]).The unions involved were the
    IG Metall metalworkers' union, the Food and Restaurants Workers' Union
    (Gewerkschaft Nahrung Genuß Gaststätten, NGG), the Building, Agriculture
    and Environmental Union (IG Bauen-Agrar-Umwelt), the Trading, Banking and
    Insurance Union (Gewerkschaft Handel Banken und Versicherungen, HBV), the
    Public Services, Transport and Traffic Union (Gewerkschaft Öffentliche
    Dienste, Transport und Verkehr, ÖTV) and the German White-Collar Workers'
    Union (Deutsche Angestellten-Gewerkschaft, DAG) The agreement will cover
    approximately about 7,000 employees who will be recruited by Adecco in order
    to work at the EXPO 2000 exhibition, which will take place in Hanover from 1
    June until 31 October 2000. Adecco is the exclusive provider of personnel
    services to EXPO 2000 Hannover GmbH, the company which is responsible for the
    overall organisation of the world exhibition.

    [1] http://www.igmetall.de/homepages/bezirk-hannover/expo-tarifvertrag.html

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications