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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The Confederation of Vocational Unions (Yrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund,
    YS) held its eighth national conference [1] on 15-16 June 1999. The YS chair,
    Randi Bjørgen was re-elected for a second period, and at the top of the
    agenda was the proposed creation of a new trade union confederation with the
    Confederation of Academic and Professional Associations (Akademikernes
    Fellesorganisasjon, AF). In her opening speech, Ms Bjørgen also announced
    willingness for closer cooperation with the Norwegian Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO). The Confederation of Norwegian
    Business and Industry (Næringslivets Hovedorganisasjon, NHO) was heavily
    criticised for allegedly undermining the legitimacy of the national system of
    collective bargaining.

    [1] http://www.ys.no/kongress99/index.htm

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    An analysis of labour disputes in 1998, published by the Office for National
    Statistics in the June 1999 issue of /Labour Market Trends/, showed that
    strike activity remains at its lowest level since records began in 1891. The
    number of recorded disputes was the smallest ever and the number of workers
    involved the fewest for 70 years, while the number of days not worked because
    of industrial action was lower than in every previous year except 1997.
    Stoppages in summer 1998 on the railways and the London Underground
    (UK9806132N [1]) accounted for much of the latter figure.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/rail-and-underground-workers-vote-for-industrial-action

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In a ruling issued on 8 June 1999, the Supreme Court (Højesteret) rejected
    the argument that it should be illegal for trade unions and employers'
    organisations to conclude closed-shop agreements. Under such agreements, in
    order to be able to work at a certain workplace, an employee has to be a
    member of the trade union with which the employer has concluded the
    closed-shop agreement. The ruling came in case against the Danish Cooperative
    Society (Foreningen af Danske Brugser, FDB), brought by Denmark's Free Trade
    Union (Danmarks Frie Fagforening, DFF) on grounds of alleged violation of the
    Council of Europe's Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and
    Fundamental Freedoms by operating a closed-shop agreement. In its ruling, the
    Supreme Court clearly rejected the idea that such a violation had occurred.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, the Federal Statistical Office (Statistisches Bundesamt)
    published new figures on the development of annual incomes in the
    manufacturing sector. According to the statistics, a full-time employee in
    manufacturing earned an average of DEM 68,646 in 1998, including collectively
    agreed annual income as well as other annual bonuses (Christmas bonus,
    holiday bonus, annual profit-sharing payments etc). In comparison with the
    previous year, average income increased by about 2.6% in 1998.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Since the UK introduced its National Minimum Wage in April 1999 (UK9904196F
    [1]), Ireland is the only EU Member State that currently has no provisions
    for either a statutory or collectively agreed national minimum wage, or a
    system of legally-binding industry-level collective agreements setting
    minimum pay rates across almost all sectors of the economy. Not for long,
    however: the current Fianna Fail/Progressive Democrat coalition government
    has committed itself to introducing a National Minimum Wage (NMW) in April
    2000. A rate of IEP 4.40 per hour for full-time adult workers (and IEP 3.08
    for those aged under 18) has been proposed, following the publication of a
    report by the National Minimum Wage Commission (NMWC) in April 1998
    (IE9804246F [2]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/the-uks-first-national-minimum-wage
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/ireland-set-to-introduce-a-national-minimum-wage-in-2000

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Backdated to 1 January 1999, the minimum income level which people must
    attain in order to be entitled to sick pay benefits, has been raised from
    approximately NOK 23,000 a year to around NOK 57,000. The implication of the
    changes is that the number of employees not entitled to sick pay benefits
    from the state - ie benefits beyond the first 16 days covered by the employer
    - will increase by approximately 200,000 persons.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 2 July 1999, the UK's Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) published
    draft Regulations [1] to implement the EU European Works Councils (s)
    Directive [2] in the UK, together with a consultation document [3] seeking
    views on the government's proposed approach. After further refinement, and
    subject to approval by parliament, the Transnational Information and
    Consultation of Employees Regulations 1999 will come into force on 15
    December 1999 - the deadline set by the 1997 Directive [4] which reversed the
    previous UK government's "opt-out" from the original EWCs Directive.

    [1] http://www.dti.gov.uk/IR/ewc-regs.pdf
    [2] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31994L0045&model=guichett
    [3] http://www.dti.gov.uk/IR/ewc-con.pdf
    [4] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31997L0074&model=guichett

  • Newsletter
    27 Červenec 1999

    Communiqué is the newsletter of the Foundation It is published 10 times per year and provides up-to-date news and information on the Foundation's work and research. The March issue contains the following articles: Ageing; EMU and industrial relations; Financial participation; EUCO cooperation.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications

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