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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Early summer 1999 had seen a number of disputes breaking out in the transport
    sector, with commentators believing that Austria potentially faced a summer
    of disruption on the roads and in the air (AT9906150F [1]). This had failed
    to materialise by late July.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/austria-faces-summer-of-transport-disputes

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Some 70% of chairs of company boards and 60% of managing directors, in a
    sample of 660 Swedish companies with more than 25 workers, have a positive
    attitude towards employee representatives on the boards of companies. This is
    among the findings of a survey, released on 5 July 1999, commissioned by the
    Swedish Trade Union Confederation (Landsorganisationen i Sverige, LO) and the
    Federation of Salaried Employees in Industry and Services
    (Privattjänstemannakartellen, PTK), which represents 1.2 million members of
    white-collar trade unions. The survey, entitled /The representation of
    employees on company boards/ (Anställdas representationi företagsstyrelser)
    was carried out by Klas Levinsson, a researcher at the National Institute for
    Working Life (Arbetslivsinstitutet, ALI). No larger studies on the subject
    have been conducted since the end of the 1970s.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 7 July 1999, delegations from France's five main trade union
    confederations (CFE-CGC, CFDT, CFTC, CGT and CGT-FO) met to study the
    government's recent proposal for a second law on the 35-hour working week and
    compare points of view.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In late June 1999, the Spanish central government lodged an appeal with the
    Constitutional Court against the Navarre regional government's recent law on
    the 35-hour working week, because it considers that the tax benefits arising
    from it are unconstitutional.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    In May 1999, a national conference brought together all those involved in
    drawing up collective agreements in Luxembourg, with the aim of examining the
    opportunities for implementing the Grand-Duchy's National Action Plan for
    employment through bargaining.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    The FNV trade union confederation has successfully persuaded the Dutch
    government to revise the new tax system scheduled to take effect in 2001,
    which was up for debate in parliament at the end of June 1999. The unions are
    concerned about employees who work limited hours in part-time jobs and who,
    under the terms of the plan, would not have been eligible for a new annual
    tax exemption of NLG 1,500. The government has now extended the concession to
    a much larger group.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    In June 1999, the Federation of Finnish Enterprises, representing small and
    medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), was given a mandate by four of its
    affiliates to participate in national incomes policy negotiations. The
    organisation thus aims to achieve the status of a central social partner
    organisation with negotiation rights. The existing central organisations are
    unsympathetic toward such a move and would like to maintain the status quo

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    Under the terms of a Royal Decree dated 1 June 1999, the Belgian government
    has agreed to make payments backdated to 1 January 1999 to cross-border
    workers in compensation for inequalities in their remuneration compared with
    other employees. The Decree will be in force initially for three years. Such
    compensation payments have already been in existence since 1994 for Belgian
    workers employed in the Netherlands, but the system is now being improved.
    Wage ceilings have been increased, cross-border workers who started work
    after 1993 are now included and part-timers covered on a pro rata basis. For
    Belgians working in France, no system had been in operation, and inequalities
    have developed gradually over time as a result of the same unfavourable
    combination of social contributions and high taxes.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    Several years ago, the Danish government suggested a target of creating
    40,000 "flexi-jobs" - subsidised jobs on special terms for people with a
    disability, illness or reduced ability to work - before 2005 (DK9704108N
    [1]). In mid-1999, it appears that a total of 36,500 people are presently
    employed in this way. Figures from the Central Statistical Office (Danmarks
    Statistik) that 20,406 people receive disability pensions in addition to
    being wage earners employed on special terms of some kind, while private
    sector employers employ more than 16,000 people in special sheltered jobs
    which are not publicly subsidised. In addition, the number of jobs with
    special flexible working hours has doubled in the course of a year.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-responsibility-of-companies-tops-the-political-agenda

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    On 5-6 February 1999, the Mining, Chemical and Energy Union (IG Bergbau
    Chemie Energie, IG BCE) held a conference in Hanover, bringing together
    around 270 local union members in order to evaluate recent developments in
    German collective bargaining. The contributions to the conference, which were
    subsequently published by the union, give a broad overview of the experiences
    in IG BCE-related sectors (/Allgemeine Arbeitsbedingungen - tarifliche
    Bindung oder betriebliche Gestaltung. Protokoll der Fachtagung in Hannover am
    5/6 Februar 1999/, IG BCE (ed)).

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications