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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The revised national Budget for 1999 was passed by the Norwegian parliament
    (Stortinget) on 18 June 1999. The annual procedure for revising the Budget
    enables the government to adjust its economic policy in the light of
    developments that have taken place since the release of the Budget in the
    autumn of the previous year (NO9811100N [1]). In conjunction with the revised
    national Budget, the government also produced an up-to-date analysis of state
    of affairs of the national economy. Statistics Norway (Statistisk
    Sentralbyrå, SSB) and the Bank of Norway (Norges Bank) have also published
    their own economic analysis for spring 1999.


  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    A conference in June 1999 examined "regional employment networks" in
    Portugal. These networks have been growing in importance as means for
    implementing labour market policies, in line with the objectives of the
    National Action Plan for employment. The social partners have been involved
    in various ways, mostly at the strategic and economic level.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Only 13 of the 22 national affiliated trade unions of the Danish
    Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsforeningen i Danmark, LO) are represented
    on LO's executive committee. Kirsten Nissen, president of the Union of
    Socio-Educational Workers (Socialpædagogernes Landsforbund, SL), which does
    not have an executive committee seat, wants to change this state of affairs.
    At the LO congress in October 1999, she will propose that the present
    executive committee is extended to create a central board with representation
    from all 22 national unions.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Since the election of the Labour government in May 1997, much has been made
    of the idea of "partnership" as the new "third way" for UK industrial
    relations - representing, for its advocates, a modern alternative both to the
    entrenched adversarialism of traditional collective bargaining and to the
    unilateral managerialism of the 1980s and 1990s. A government "working
    document" Competitiveness through partnership with people [1] and a Trades
    Union Congress (TUC) statement /Partners for progress/, both published in
    1997, set the tone. Since then, the concept has been promoted by
    organisations such as the Institute of Personnel and Development (UK9811158F
    [2]) and the Involvement and Participation Association. At a TUC-sponsored
    conference in May 1999, the partnership principle (although not every detail
    of the TUC's own agenda) was endorsed by the prime minister, the trade and
    industry secretary and the director general of the Confederation of British
    Industry (UK9906108F [3]).


  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In June 1999, the debate on Italy's collective bargaining system was revived
    by a call on the part of employers for greater flexibility and
    decentralisation. Trade unions, though with differing emphases, do not share
    this point of view and stress the importance of maintaining the current
    two-tier bargaining structure. Another issue at stake is the redefinition of
    bargaining units and the possible creation of new sectoral agreements,
    notably for those branches which are affected by privatisation and
    liberalisation processes.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Shortly before the 1999 summer recess, the Lower House of the Dutch
    parliament amended a government legislative proposal for unpaid care leave,
    proposing instead a paid arrangement. The proposed 10 days of care leave is
    aimed at enabling employees to take care of their ill children or other
    family members. The Lower House want the arrangement to be funded from the
    existing Unemployment Fund, which is financed by employer and employee

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 21 June 1999, the temporary employment agency Adecco
    Personaldienstleistungen GmbH and a bargaining cartel of six trade unions
    signed a "collective agreement on the hiring-out of labour on the occasion of
    the EXPO 2000 world exhibition" (Tarifvertrag zur Arbeitnehmerüberlassung
    anläßlich der Weltausstellung EXPO 2000 [1]).The unions involved were the
    IG Metall metalworkers' union, the Food and Restaurants Workers' Union
    (Gewerkschaft Nahrung Genuß Gaststätten, NGG), the Building, Agriculture
    and Environmental Union (IG Bauen-Agrar-Umwelt), the Trading, Banking and
    Insurance Union (Gewerkschaft Handel Banken und Versicherungen, HBV), the
    Public Services, Transport and Traffic Union (Gewerkschaft Öffentliche
    Dienste, Transport und Verkehr, ÖTV) and the German White-Collar Workers'
    Union (Deutsche Angestellten-Gewerkschaft, DAG) The agreement will cover
    approximately about 7,000 employees who will be recruited by Adecco in order
    to work at the EXPO 2000 exhibition, which will take place in Hanover from 1
    June until 31 October 2000. Adecco is the exclusive provider of personnel
    services to EXPO 2000 Hannover GmbH, the company which is responsible for the
    overall organisation of the world exhibition.


  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    Following the publication of statistics indicating a sharp rise in
    unemployment in Greece, and government analyses of the connection between
    unemployment and the increased presence of immigrants, the GSEE trade union
    confederation has reiterated its positions on addressing rising unemployment
    and on dealing with economic immigrants.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, after long-running protest actions, three trade unions - UGT,
    CC.OO and UTS - reached agreement with Telefónica, the Spanish
    telecommunications provider. The unions have agreed a redundancy procedure
    affecting 10,800 workers and a new collective agreement that guarantees the
    employment and working conditions of the rest of the employees.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The Confederation of Vocational Unions (Yrkesorganisasjonenes Sentralforbund,
    YS) held its eighth national conference [1] on 15-16 June 1999. The YS chair,
    Randi Bjørgen was re-elected for a second period, and at the top of the
    agenda was the proposed creation of a new trade union confederation with the
    Confederation of Academic and Professional Associations (Akademikernes
    Fellesorganisasjon, AF). In her opening speech, Ms Bjørgen also announced
    willingness for closer cooperation with the Norwegian Confederation of Trade
    Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO). The Confederation of Norwegian
    Business and Industry (Næringslivets Hovedorganisasjon, NHO) was heavily
    criticised for allegedly undermining the legitimacy of the national system of
    collective bargaining.



  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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