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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The ninth European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) Congress held in Helsinki
    from 29 June to 2 July 1999 (EU9907182F [1]) arguably indicated the European
    trade union movement's wish for far-reaching harmonisation in the area of
    social and employment policy. In the eyes of Danish public debate, the
    Congress presented an emerging picture of a trade union movement which wants
    to head a process towards, if not the "United Nations of Europe", then at
    least a strengthening of the federal features of the European Union. Even
    though the Danish public's attitude towards the EU has grown more positive
    (DK9906127F [2]), there is general scepticism about an extensive process of
    integration. This became evident at the European Parliament elections in June
    1999, at which the Danish parties and movements which are directly opposed
    to, or strongly sceptical towards, the EU maintained their support.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/ninth-etuc-congress-calls-for-a-european-system-of-industrial-relations
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-business/social-partners-consider-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-the-euro

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 2 July 1999, the provisions of the Public Interest Disclosure Act 1998 [1]
    were brought into force, one year after receiving Royal Assent (UK9807137N
    [2]). The Act has been described as the most far-reaching "whistleblowing"
    legislation in the world. It provides remedies to workers who are dismissed
    or subjected to detriment by their employer for making certain categories of
    disclosure, ie a disclosure of information which, in the reasonable belief of
    the worker making the disclosure, concerns:

    [1] http://www.hmso.gov.uk/acts/acts1998/19980023.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/whistleblowers-charter-becomes-law

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In June 1999, an agreement was signed on the reorganisation of Rome's public
    environmental services company, Ama, leading to differences between the three
    main trade union confederations. Cisl and Uil disagree with Cgil on the way
    in which 2,200 people will be recruited by the newly-established company, Ama
    city.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    An informal Labour and Social Affairs Council of Ministers meeting was held
    under the Finnish Presidency in Oulu, Finland from 8 to 10 July 1999, with
    the participation of the European-level social partners and the European
    Parliament. In line with the priorities of Finnish labour market policy in
    recent years (FI9708125F [1]), the Finnish government - which took over the
    EU Presidency in July 1999 - was keen to shift the focus of labour market
    policy away from youth unemployment towards the problems facing older
    workers. Ministers expressed concern at the lack of older workers in the
    labour market.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/finland-launches-a-five-year-national-programme-for-older-workers

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In 1998's rather favourable economic climate, collective bargaining in France
    was dominated by the reduction of working time, according to the Ministry for
    Employment and Solidarity's annual bargaining report, published in June 1999.
    Other trends recorded included: intersectoral bargaining falling off to an
    extremely low point; a recovery in the amount of sector-level bargaining at
    the end of the year; and considerable growth in company-level bargaining.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In June 1999, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) and the
    Confederation of Public Servants (ADEDY) officially adopted a position in
    favour of applying a "Tobin tax" to short-term capital movements.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    A new trade union organisation for Norwegian postal workers may soon become a
    reality, after dual membership ballots, held on 6 May 1999, produced a large
    majority in favour of merging the Norwegian Union of Postal Employees (Den
    norske Postorganisasjon, DNP) and the Norwegian Union of Postal Workers
    (Norsk Postforbund, NPF). Both organisations are member unions of the
    Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO).
    DNP has traditionally organised white-collar workers, while NPF has drawn its
    members mainly from blue-collar workers. The new organisation will comprise
    approximately 30,000 employees in the Norwegian postal service, and will
    become operative from 1 July 2000.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    A new Act, defining the working and employment conditions in Swedish labour
    law which apply when an employer established in another country posts
    employees on a temporary basis to Sweden, was accepted by parliament on 20
    May 1999. It will come into force 16 December 1999, in line with the
    provisions of the EU Directive concerning the posting of workers in the
    framework of the provision of services (96/71/EC) [1]. Under the legislation,
    certain rules in Swedish labour law must be applied to posted workers -
    covering paid holidays, working time, the work environment, protection for
    pregnant women and women with new-born children, rotection for young workers
    under 18 years of age and bans on discrimination. The employer is free to
    provide more favourable terms to the employee than laid down in the Directive
    if it so wishes.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31996L0071&model=guichett

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications