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  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    In May 1999, the immigrants' department of Luxembourg's OGB-L trade union
    confederation has called for the regularisation of the position of foreign
    workers in an irregular situation, and for the introduction of a 40-hour
    working week in the hotels, catering and cafés sector.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    In March 1999, the National Skills Institute was set up in Spain, as part of
    the process of fostering social dialogue on vocational training, to provide
    technical support for the tripartite General Vocational Training Council. Its
    purpose is to achieve the goals laid down in the National Vocational Training
    Programme, such as monitoring, developing, accrediting and integrating
    skills.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    In June 1999, Finland's SAK trade union confederation outlined the trade
    union movement's shared objective of strengthening the principle of the
    general validity of collective agreements - their applicability to all
    employers and employees in a sector, and not just members of the signatory
    organisations - in the next incomes policy round. This can be interpreted
    especially as a signal to the Federation of Finnish Enterprises, which wishes
    to become a negotiating party in the incomes policy talks, despite its
    previous aim of abolishing general validity. SAK's demand is creating some
    tension between left- and right-wing parties within the "rainbow" coalition
    government.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    A suggestion from the Social Democrats, the largest party in the coalition
    government, on obligatory supplementary training funds has created
    dissatisfaction among employers and trade unions. The Social Democrats'
    proposal [1], issued in June 1999, takes as its point of departure the fact
    that the government has done a great deal to improve education for children
    and young people, and now wishes to make basic reforms in connection with
    adult education and supplementary training courses.

    [1] http://www.socialdemokratiet.dk/main/politik/veu.htm

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    The German tyre producer and automobile supplier Continental AG, which has
    production plants in more than 15 countries and a worldwide workforce of
    about 62,300 employees, is currently the target of a global trade union
    campaign [1] organised by the International Federation of Chemical, Energy,
    Mine and General Workers' Unions (ICEM), which accuses the company of
    contravening ILO standards and the OECD guidelines for multinational
    companies. ICEM is supporting its affiliate, the United Steelworkers of
    America [2] (USWA) trade union, whose members have been on strike since
    September 1998 at the US subsidiary Continental General Tire's plant in
    Charlotte (North Carolina).

    [1] http://www.icem.org/campaigns/conticamp
    [2] http://www.uswa.org/news/gtindex.htm

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    Figures [1] made public by Statistics Norway in May 1999 indicate that
    286,000 working days were lost in labour disputes during 1998. A total of 36
    disputes were registered in 1998, which involved approximately 27,000
    employees. The figures for both working days lost and the number of disputes
    are relatively high in a Norwegian context (NO9801147N [2]). However, the
    number of working days lost due to industrial action was higher in 1992 and
    in 1996. The figures cover only industrial disputes which lasted for more
    than one working day. Thus, the political strike against the government's
    proposal to cut one day of holiday entitlement was not taken into account in
    the statistics on the number of working days lost (NO9810192N [3]).

    [1] http://www.ssb.no/www-open/ukens_statistikk/utg/9920/5.shtml
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/few-strikes-in-norway-during-1997
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/trade-union-confederations-join-forces-for-the-first-time-in-a-political-strike

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    On 29 April 1998, three butchers employed at Skanek, a major Swedish butchery
    company, were dismissed. Management at the local factory in Kristianstad, in
    the south of Sweden, stated that the reason for the dismissals was the
    unlawful industrial action that had occurred at the factory that morning,
    which led to a two-hour cessation of production. Most of the workers on the
    slaughter line had refused to wear metallic protective aprons, which were
    issued to every worker working on the line. Three butchers were selected for
    dismissal, the employer assuming that they were the leaders of the "wildcat"
    strike. The employer argued that the industrial action must have had
    instigators, and that circumstantial evidence led to the conclusion that the
    three butchers, who were trade union representatives, had taken the
    initiative to strike.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    Over the summer of 1999, the Spanish Ministry of Labour has criticised the
    pre-retirement schemes of many companies on grounds of their cost to the
    country's social security system. Though many of the companies involved are
    the largest and most profitable ones, they are increasingly using early and
    pre-retirement as part of their labour strategy. The government is therefore
    now seeking ways of toughening the conditions for eligibility.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    Finland's National Programme for Older Workers, which is being carried out in
    cooperation between various ministries and the social partners, aims to
    disseminate best practice in the management of an ageing workforce. In June
    1999, the programme published a report on the case of ABB Control, a company
    which has implemented a development project, preceded by a phase focusing on
    the health and ability to work of the staff, and development of the
    "workplace community". The parties involved have reportedly been satisfied
    with the progress achieved and the commitment has been strong.

  • Article
    27 Červen 1999

    At a round-table meeting held on 11 May 1999 at the Ministry for Employment
    and Solidarity, the government and social partners launched a new stage in
    the fight against racial discrimination at the workplace in France. This
    initial meeting concluded with the unanimous endorsement of a joint
    declaration on racial discrimination tabled by the Minister for Employment
    and Solidarity, Martine Aubry. The Minister also proposed amendments to
    legislation, designed to make it easier to bring cases in the courts in the
    event of discrimination. The social partners made a commitment to work
    together to address all types of discrimination, though they unanimously
    rejected the creation of a new independent administrative authority in this
    area.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications

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