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  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    On 20 July 1999, the national council of the Confederation of British
    Industry (CBI) adopted a policy statement [1] reaffirming that the CBI is "in
    favour in principle of UK entry into European Economic and Monetary Union
    once key conditions for success are in place". The CBI believes that UK
    membership of EMU"has the potential to deliver significant benefits to the UK
    economy", but that further progress is needed towards "sound fiscal
    conditions in all major euro-zone countries", together with a shift in labour
    market policies towards more flexibility. The new policy statement is the
    culmination of a three-month consultation process involving voting on CBI
    regional and national committees and a survey of wider membership opinion
    carried out by polling organisation MORI.

    [1] http://www.cbi.org.uk/ndbs/content.nsf/802737aed3e3420580256706005390ae/53dbaab1a1943690802567b4003febd4?OpenDocument

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In summer 1999, at the half-way point of the Spanish social partners'
    four-year pact for employment stability, later endorsed by parliament, the
    parties have evaluated its results. After two years, employment - and
    especially stable employment - has increased significantly. However, there
    has been no substantial decrease in the level of temporary employment and
    contract turnover continues to increase.

  • CAR
    27 Červenec 1999

    /It seems inevitable that increasing economic integration and competition
    within Europe will have some influence on national collective bargaining. The
    aim of this comparative study is to provide an assessment, as of summer 1999,
    of the extent to which the processes and outcomes of bargaining in the 15
    Member States of the EU, plus Norway, are developing a cross-border, European
    dimension. The study outlines the diverse processes, both implicit and
    explicit, which can be said to be leading towards a "Europeanisation" of
    collective bargaining. Developments across the 16 countries concerned are
    examined at intersectoral, sectoral and enterprise levels, with a special
    focus on metalworking and financial services, and the views of the social
    partners are summarised./

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In July 1999, the joint employer-trade union administrative board of France's
    National Sickness Insurance Fund (CNAM) approved, by a large majority, a
    strategic reform plan. This package of measures is designed to reduce
    spending and improve the quality of healthcare. CNAM hopes that the
    government will give legislative effect to the plan.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    In June 1999, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) expressed its
    total opposition to proposals from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to
    reduce the wages of new entrants to the labour market and to cut labour
    costs.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The ninth European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) Congress held in Helsinki
    from 29 June to 2 July 1999 (EU9907182F [1]) arguably indicated the European
    trade union movement's wish for far-reaching harmonisation in the area of
    social and employment policy. In the eyes of Danish public debate, the
    Congress presented an emerging picture of a trade union movement which wants
    to head a process towards, if not the "United Nations of Europe", then at
    least a strengthening of the federal features of the European Union. Even
    though the Danish public's attitude towards the EU has grown more positive
    (DK9906127F [2]), there is general scepticism about an extensive process of
    integration. This became evident at the European Parliament elections in June
    1999, at which the Danish parties and movements which are directly opposed
    to, or strongly sceptical towards, the EU maintained their support.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/ninth-etuc-congress-calls-for-a-european-system-of-industrial-relations
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-business/social-partners-consider-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-the-euro

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The total number of requests to terminate employment contracts declined in
    the Netherlands in 1998, according to the Annual Report on termination
    statistics, issued in summer 1999. However, the number of requests related to
    occupational disability has increased.

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    An informal Labour and Social Affairs Council of Ministers meeting was held
    under the Finnish Presidency in Oulu, Finland from 8 to 10 July 1999, with
    the participation of the European-level social partners and the European
    Parliament. In line with the priorities of Finnish labour market policy in
    recent years (FI9708125F [1]), the Finnish government - which took over the
    EU Presidency in July 1999 - was keen to shift the focus of labour market
    policy away from youth unemployment towards the problems facing older
    workers. Ministers expressed concern at the lack of older workers in the
    labour market.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-social-policies/finland-launches-a-five-year-national-programme-for-older-workers

  • Article
    27 Červenec 1999

    The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) held its ninth Statutory
    Congress in Helsinki from 29 June to 2 July 1999 (EU9907182F [1]). The event
    coincided with the beginning of Finland's six-month term in the EU Presidency
    and on 1 July a delegation presented a memorandum to the Finnish Prime
    Minister and EU President in Office, Paavo Lipponen. The delegation consisted
    of the ETUC president, Fritz Verzetnitsch, and general secretary, Emilio
    Gabaglio, plus Lauri Ihalainen, chair of the Central Organisation of Finnish
    Trade Unions (Suomen Ammattiliittojen Keskusjärjestö, SAK), Esa Swanljung,
    chair of the Finnish Confederation of Salaried Employees
    (Toimihenkilökeskusjärjestö, STTK) and Risto Piekka, chair of the
    Confederation of Unions for Academic Professionals (Akateemisten
    Toimihenkilöiden Keskusjärjestö, AKAVA). The memorandum sets out ETUC's
    demands, proposals and recommendations for the EU Presidency.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/ninth-etuc-congress-calls-for-a-european-system-of-industrial-relations

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications