23 november 2010
In the face of recession, falling demand and the consequent slowing of production, short-time working and temporary layoff schemes have been extended (or introduced) in many Member States. These schemes, often with the aid of public funds, reduce working time, while protecting workers’ incomes and company solvency; frequently, the time spent not working is used for training instead. This report examines the practice of reduced working time across Europe, and looks in detail at how it is implemented in 10 Member States, with a view to determining the contribution that such schemes can make in implementing the common principles of flexicurity, especially in light of the broad-based consensus they enjoy among the social partners.
22 november 2009
Over the course of 2008 and 2009, the world economy experienced one of the most serious recessions in modern times. In July 2009, 22 million men and women were unemployed throughout Europe, five million more than a year previously. Moreover, the situation may well still have further to play out: experience of previous recessions suggests that the full effect of the downturn upon employment has yet to materialise. Eurofound’s analysis of restructuring and job loss over the past year is collated and reviewed in this, the fourth annual report of the European Restructuring Monitor. Analysing the effects of the recession upon employment, it also looks in detail how particular sectors, countries and occupations have been affected, and examines a range of responses that have been taken to safeguard employment - at the company, Member State and European level.
08 oktober 2009
As European economies slide into recession, companies face increasing financial difficulties as sales decline and prospects for a quick recovery recede. Consequently, a growing number of businesses are coming under threat, putting the jobs of more workers at risk. Already across Europe many companies have closed or reduced their scale of operations substantially and many jobs have been lost. This report examines the various measures being taken by governments and trade unions in different countries to try to maintain jobs, or at least to moderate the losses that occur.
21 april 2009
Over the last decade, Foundation research has examined effective ways of promoting the participation of older workers in the labour market, to enhance their contribution and productivity, and prevent their early exit and unemployment. This report extends the research to the new Member States and the acceding countries. It documents a range of almost 30 case examples from the new Member States, and from Bulgaria and Romania, which have implemented successful age management initiatives.
03 maj 2007
The Foundation project 'Promoting quality of life in rural Europe' aimed at documenting the relationship between social capital and economic development, with a specific focus on job creation in rural areas. The research set out to identify examples of how local and regional authorities, social partners and NGOs in selected countries developed initiatives to foster job creation and make policy recommendations at local, regional, national and EU level on the basis of these findings. This report outlines the policy background to the research and makes a number of policy recommendations in terms of good practice in promoting job creation in rural areas. The research covered 10 countries.
29 april 2007
The profound changes experienced by rural areas in Europe over the past couple of decades have resulted in obvious disadvantages: loss of employment due to changes in the agricultural sector, migration of young people towards urban centres, leading to a demographic imbalance, and insufficient population and infrastructural density to support economic development and entrepreneurial activity. However, one resource that rural areas may be able to draw upon is their ‘social capital’: the interaction of individuals participating and communicating in formal or informal networks in which higher levels of trust develop. It has been recognised that social capital can play a role in stimulating and fostering entrepreneurial activity, and hence facilitate job creation.
28 november 2006
The report, on which this summary is based, aims to: gain a better understanding of the perspectives of governments, social partners and the wider public with regard to improving the employment situation of older workers and extending working life; document the development of the measures and policies of social partners and governments – for instance, relating to the labour market, social protection, taxation, training and work environment; identify and present examples of organisation-level initiatives designed to foster active ageing e.g. in recruitment, training, health and job design; draw conclusions and provide guidance for future strategies in the field of age management.