- Monitoring of redundancies
- Social Dialogue
- Territorial coordination
Unità per la Gestione delle Vertenze delle Imprese in Crisi (UGV)
Unit for the management of disputes concerning enterprises facing difficulties
Enterprises facing difficulties (risk of closure and/or dismissal of a significant number of workers).
Unità per la Gestione delle Vertenze delle Imprese in Crisi (UGV) is the operational branch of the Business Crisis Unit ('Struttura per le crisi d’Impresa', SCI) of the Ministry of Economic Development. Established in 2008, SCI develops tools for fighting the decline of the Italian production system, both related to individual companies and to specific areas or productive sectors. Its actions are targeted at identifying and implementing industrial policy measures, as well as at the reindustrialisation and conversion of areas and productive sectors experiencing difficulties, and to deal with companies facing economic difficulties (risk of closure and/or dismissal of a significant number of workers).
UGV, which is staffed with crisis management experts from the Ministry of Economic Development and the Ministry of Labour and Social Policies, promotes meetings (the so called 'tavoli di crisi') with enterprises experiencing difficulties for developing measures to prevent and face business crises and safeguard employment. Beyond concerned companies, these meetings involve all the actors concerned, such as social partners and institutions (also at the local level).
- National funds
The UGV is funded and composed by experts of the Ministry of Economic Development and of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.
Representatives from local governments can participate in the meetings, especially in a view to coordinate the setup of local policies, including trainings and incentives.
Employer or employee organisations
Trade unions and representatives of employer organisations take active part in meetings with companies facing crisis.
Since its establishment in 2008, UGV activated more than 1,000 crisis units and managed more than 3,000 meetings between companies, trade unions and local institutions. In 2019, UGV dealt with 149 situations of business crisis involving 180,000 workers. The concerned companies belong to different sectors, with steel, appliances and ICT as the most involved.
In 2017, 42 crisis talks were concluded. Among them, 27 (64%) ended up positively, with the development of a restructuring plan and new investments, or the acquisition of the company by a new investor. 9 (21%) ended with a conservative solution, while 6 (14%) with a business closure.
Crisis management is relatively long: on average, each case takes more than two years (28-30 months), with some cases taking more than 60 months (see for instance Alcoa, Lucchini, Termini Imerese, OM Carrelli, Gepin, Ideal Standard). Of the 149 crisis tables managed in 2019, 102 (that is 68.5%) have been active for more than three years and 28 have been open for more than 7 years. UGV’s actions are mostly targeted to large companies, which represent more than one third of the companies involved in negotiations.