Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 marts 1997

    In an ongoing industrial dispute, trade unions have accused the public sector
    corporation, EPI (the Italian Postal Organisation), of not respecting
    collective agreements and commitments on employment.

  • Article
    27 marts 1997

    Since the beginning of the 1990s, the German system of centralised sectoral
    collective bargaining (Flächentarifvertrag), which guarantees all employees
    in a certain sector more or less the same basic income and working
    conditions, has been under increasing pressure. With growing
    internationalisation of capital and markets and an increasing pressure of
    international competition, more and more employers and economic experts have
    been demanding a more decentralised and company-related collective bargaining
    system. German unification in 1990 brought a further dynamism to the debate.
    Originally, all the relevant social partners agreed to transfer the western
    collective bargaining system to eastern Germany, but because of the
    continuing immense economic problems. more and more eastern employers became
    dissatisfied with that decision. For instance, in the eastern metal industry
    the proportion of employers who are members of an employers' association
    decreased from 60% in 1991 to 36% in 1994 - though still covering between 55%
    and 65% of the employees ("Ostdeutsche Tariflandschaften", Ingrid Artus and
    Rudi Schmidt, in Die Mitbestimmung No. 11, p. 34-36 (1996)).

  • Article
    27 marts 1997

    On 13 March 1997, the readers of Sweden's leading morning paper /Dagens
    Nyheter/ learnt about an unusual appeal, drawn up jointly by the pugnacious
    chair of Handelsanställdas förbund (Commercial Employees' Union), the
    leaders of the two employers' organisations in commerce and the managing
    directors of three leading retail chains.

  • Article
    27 marts 1997

    According to the study/, Analysis of the prevalence of home-based telework in
    Denmark,/ carried out by Andersen Management International for the Ministry
    of Research and Information Technology, it is estimated that the potential
    number of people carrying out home-based telework will increase over the next
    decade, from 9,000 at present to 250,000. The study defines home-based
    telework as situations where 20% or more of work is carried out from a
    home-based workplace using information technology. Home-based telework is
    expected to be more efficient if it is limited to two to three working days a
    week.

  • Article
    27 marts 1997

    On 13 March, after long debate between ministries, trade unions, and
    provincial governments, the national Government submitted a reform package
    covering the Arbeitslosenversicherungsgesetz(Unemployment Insurance Act), the
    Fremdengesetz(Aliens Act), the Aufenthaltsgesetz(Residence Act), the
    Ausländerbeschäftigungsgesetz(Aliens Employment Act), and the
    Asylgesetz(Asylum Act). The aim is to homogenise the laws, to reduce
    immigration to an absolute minimum compatible with human rights and the
    Geneva Convention on the Rights of Refugees, and to improve the integration
    of the resident foreign population. The reform package is now open to public
    debate, and will be submitted to Parliament before the summer. Changes are
    intended to take effect as of 1 January 1998.

  • Article
    27 marts 1997

    On 5 March 1997, the Italian Prime Minister, Romano Prodi, informed the
    political parties and social partners about the report drawn up by the
    "Commission for macroeconomic compatibility of social expenditure", a
    committee of experts established by the Government and chaired by Professor
    Paolo Onofri. The proposals for reform deal with all the key elements of
    public spending: healthcare, public assistance, and, of particular interest
    for the industrial relations system, pensions and labour market policies.
    This document drew critical reactions from the trade union confederations,
    while the evaluation from the Confindustria employers' confederation was
    fairly positive.

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    At its plenary session of 13-17 January 1997, the European Parliament debated
    two important measures relating to employee consultation in European
    companies. After the European Works Councils (EWCs) Directive was passed in
    1994, the Commission published a Communication on the future of employee
    consultation in November 1995, in order to revive a legislative issue which
    has been under discussion in various forms for over 15 years. Its aim was to
    explore whether the model used for determining the structure and operation of
    EWCs could be used in a wider context as a basis for making progress with the
    long-delayed European Company Statute.

  • Article
    27 februar 1997

    Unskilled young people aged between 20 and 24 must undertake training or work
    experience programmes in order to maintain their right to receive
    unemployment benefit, according to a recent amendment to the Act on Labour
    Market Support.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications