Germany: Representativeness of the European social partner organisations in the electricity sector

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Agreements,
  • Collective bargaining,
  • Social partners,
  • Participation at work,
  • Arbejdsmarkedsrelationer,
  • Published on: 26 januar 2014



About
Country:
Germany
Author:
Institution:

As the latest comparable data shows, aggregate employment rose from 295,000 in 2009 to 325,000 in 2011 in the German electricity sector. Employees are mainly organised by the Mining, Chemicals and Industrial Energy Union and the United Services Union. Employers (including the largest companies in the market) are either represented by regional member associations of the Federation of Employer Organisations for Energy and Utility Providers and the Municipal Employers’ Association, or conduct single-employer bargaining. There are no disputes over jurisdictional demarcation in the German electricity sector.

Sectoral properties

Economic background

In the aftermath of the Japanese nuclear catastrophe in Fukushima in 2011, the German government decided to phase out nuclear energy. This move was strongly debated at that time. However, after a three-month moratorium, during which seven power plants were shut down, the Federal Government put forward a new strategy paper on the energy mix in Germany, which aims to phase out nuclear power by 2022 (DE1202029Q).

As Table 1 shows, comparable data on turnover in the electricity sector are not available for the years 2001 and 2011. However, according to the Company Register (Unternehmensregister), turnover in the sector rose from €212.3 billion in 2007 to €371.5 billion in 2010.

Sectoral coverage

This representativeness study covers companies and employees in the electricity sector, as defined by NACE Rev. 2 code 35.1:

35.1 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution

35.11 Production of electricity

35.12 Transmission of electricity

35.13 Distribution of electricity

35.14 Trade of electricity

Development of sectoral employment and companies

In Table 1, the presented figures for aggregate employment and employees for 2001 and 2011 are not comparable due to changes in the statistical dataset. Nonetheless, comparable data is available for more recent years: aggregate employment rose in total from around 295,000 in 2009 to 325,000 in 2011. In both years male employment accounted for around three quarters of total employment in the industry.

In 2010, 35,604 companies were registered at the Company Register for the electricity sector. Comparable data for 2001 is however not available. Nonetheless, the four biggest energy providers (RWE, E.ON, Vattenfall Europe and EnBW) have all announced restructuring plans (including redundancies) for their European and German sites since 2010.

Table 1: Sectoral properties
 

2001

2011

Number of companies in the sector (including one-person companies and the self-employed)

n.a.

35,604 (as of 2010)

Comment  

Data refers to the WZ 2008 classification and includes all companies with employees liable to social security contributions and/or qualifying turnovers. Reporting year is 2010.

Source of company data  

Company Register

Aggregate employment

195,000

325,000

Male employment

156,000

244,00

Female employment

39,000

81,000

Share of sectoral employment as a % of total employment in the economy

0.9

1.5

Source of employment figures

Federal Statistical Office, micro census (annual average for 2001). Figures refer to the old classification WZ 93.

Federal Statistical Office, micro census (annual average for 2011). Figures refer to the WZ-2008 classification that takes NACE Rev. 2 into account.

Comment    
Aggregate employees

189,665

202,967

Male employees

148,135

152,196

Female employees

41,530

50,771

Share of sectoral employees as a % of total employees in the economy

0.7

0.7

Source of employee figures

Federal Employment Agency. Figures refer to the old WZ-93 classification and the code 40.1 They include only employees liable to social security contributions (reporting date: 31 December 2001).

Federal Employment Agency. Figures refer to the WZ-2008 classification taking Nace Rev. 2 into account. They include only employees liable to social security contributions (reporting date: 31 December 2011).

2. Overview of the industrial relations landscape in the sector

There has been a change in industrial relations, due to privatisation and to a growing importance of single-employer bargaining. The Municipal Employers’ Association (VKA) represents privatised electricity companies. Membership in the VKA’s regional associations is voluntary. The private sector is represented by regional employer associations and, in the case of the Energy Collective Bargaining Association (Tarifgemeinschaft Energie), by a bargaining unit consisting of two regional associations and the subsidiaries of a large company (E.ON). Vattenfall Europe and RWE negotiate single-employer agreements via bargaining units embracing subsidiaries and establishments. As for trade unions, there has been no change. The sector is the domain of two affiliates of the Confederation of German Trade Unions (DGB); the Mining, Chemicals and Energy Industrial Union (IG BCE) and the United Services Union (ver.di).

3. The sector’s trade unions and employer associations

This report includes detailed information on the following trade unions and employer associations:

(i) trade unions (or employees’ interest organisations) and employer organisations (or business associations) which are affiliated to the sector-related European Union Federation(s) or the sector-related European Employer/Business Federation(s) and represent members in the sector

The sector-related European employee organisations are:

  • IndustriAll Europa;
  • European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU).

The sector-related European employer organisations are:

  • The union of the electricity industry (EURELECTRIC).

(ii) trade unions and employer organisations which are party to sector-related collective bargaining and represent members in the sector.

This report does not include detailed information on the following organisations, because they fall outside the remit of the study:

iii) Affiliates to EU-level sectoral social partners, but without members in the sector. These are the affiliates of EPSU and IndustriAll Europa that have members in other sectors but not in the electricity sector. Use these weblinks for a full list of the IndustriAll affiliates and EPSU affiliates.

iv) Organisations which are involved in sector-related collective bargaining, but do not represent members in the sector.

v) Organisations which represent members in the sector, but are not involved in sector-related collective bargaining, and are not members of EU-level sectoral social-partner organisations.

3a. Please list all the organisations which can be related to the study in the following overview table

Table 2: Overview of industrial relations landscape

Organisation abbreviation

Sector-related (members in the sector)

Member of a sector-related European organisation

Involved in sector related CB

Fact sheet included

Source of information

IG BCE

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Contact made with Franz-Gerd Hörnschemeyer.

Ver.di

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Contact made with Volker Stüber and Sabine Müller-Unland (no response). Final answers by Susan Strube.

IG Metall

No

Yes

Yes

No

Not to be included, according to IG Metall (Phone and email, Sascha Treml, 23 and 24 January 2013).

CG BCE

Possible

Not to our knowledge

No to our knowledge

No

Contact made with Benedix.

BDEW

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Contact made with Ira Hartmann (contact person provided).

VAEU

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Contact made with Jobst Kleineberg.

VKA

Yes

No. Member of CEEP

Yes

Yes

Contact made with Katja Christ.

4. Collective bargaining in the electricity sector

4.1. Are employees in the sector, as defined in Section 1 above, and in Table 1, covered by collective bargaining?

Yes.

4.2. If yes, please consider the five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012 in the electricity sector and indicate their levels, the name of the agreements, respective coverage in terms of sectors/activities, the bargaining parties to the agreement and the numbers of employees covered within the electricity sector (also estimate):

Table 3: The five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012

Level

Common name

Sectoral coverage

No. of employees covered within the electricity sector

Bargaining parties

Employer(s)

(in case of single-employer agreements) or

Employer organisation(s)

(in case of multi-employer agreements)

Trade union(s)

Multi-employer agreements:

National (cross-sectoral)

Inter-sectoral

Sectoral/ branch

Regional/ local Occupational

TV-V

Western Germany, eastern Germany

Energy provision (incl. gas, water) by private members of VKA (municipal employers): coverage overlaps electricity sector

102,000

VKA

Ver.di

Single-employer agreements:

Group

Company

Plant

RWE

RWE-establishments, Amprion, AVU, Thyssengas /

Energy sector: including transmission, gas, a.o.

Coverage overlaps electricity sector

25,000

RWE Tarifgruppe

IG BCE, ver.di

Multi-employer agreements:

National (cross-sectoral)

Inter-sectoral

Sectoral/ branch

Regional/ local Occupational

AVE

Collective Bargaining Association:

Subsidiaries and establishments of E.ON.

Additionally, members of Bavarian employer organisation /

Energy sector: coverage overlaps electricity sector

23,900

AVE; AVE on behalf of AVE Bayrische Energieversorgungsunternehmen

IG BCE,

Ver.di

Multi-employer agreements:

National (cross-sectoral)

Inter-sectoral

Sectoral/ branch

Regional/ local Occupational

AVEU

Eastern German energy sector

(Energie- und Versorgungswirtschaft Ost): coverage overlaps electricity sector

20,000

AVEU

IG BCE,

ver.di

Single-employer agreements:

Group

Company

Plant

Vattenfall

Most activities of Vattenfall Europe: coverage overlaps activities in electricity sector

15,000

Tarifgemeinschaft

Vattenfall Europe

IG BCE,

ver.di

* Relevance is measured in terms of employees covered.

5. The system of collective bargaining

5.1. Estimate the sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage (i.e. the ratio of the number of employees covered by any kind of collective agreement to the total number of employees in the sector).

No reliable estimate can be provided, as multi-employer agreements typically cover the energy sector (rather than the electricity sector).

5.2. Estimate the relative importance of multi-employer agreements and of single-employer agreements as a percentage of the total number of employees covered. (Multi-employer bargaining is defined as being conducted by an employer association on behalf of the employer side. In the case of single-employer bargaining, it is the company or its subunit(s) which is the party to the agreement. This includes the cases where two or more companies jointly negotiate an agreement or an employer organisation negotiates on behalf of only one company.)

According to IG BCE information, the coverage rate by multi-employer and by single-employer agreements is about even.

5.2.1. Is there a practice of extending multi-employer agreements to employers who are not affiliated to the signatory employer association/s?

No.

5.2.2. If there is a practice of extending collective agreements targeting employers, is this practice pervasive or rather limited and exceptional?

Not applicable.

6. Formulation and implementation of sector-specific public policies

6.1. Do tripartite bodies dealing with sector-specific issues exist? If yes, please indicate their domain of activity (for instance, health and safety, equal opportunities, labour market, social security and pensions etc.), their origin (agreement/statutory) and the interest organisations having representatives in them:

Trade unions and employer associations are represented on the bipartite board of the self-governing employers’ liability associations (Berufsgenossenschaften) which administer and develop health and safety issues. The electricity sector is covered by BG ETEM and BG FE – both employers’ liability associations cover various sectors.

7. Data on the trade unions

IG BCE

Mining, Chemical and Energy Industrial Union

Industriegewerkschaft Bergbau Chemie Energie

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes, potentially, according to IG BCE.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes. IG BCE covers all of the energy sector, the chemical sector and the mining sector.

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes.

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer and single-employer bargaining.

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes.

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis.

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

ICEM

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EMCEF, IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

DGB

Source of information

Trade union:

Franz-Gerd Hörnschemeyer was contacted on 23 and 29 January 2013 (by mail).

Web: www.igbce.de

EIRO national correspondent: Birgit Kraemer

Ver.di

United Services Union

Vereinte Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes. ver.di’s domain covers most of the public and private service sector.

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes.

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining and multi-employer bargaining.

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes.

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

PSI, UNI

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU, UNI

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

DGB

Source of information

Trade union:

Mails to Volker Stüber and Sabine Müller-Unland on 23 January 2013 and 3 March 2013 (no response). Answers by Susan Strube (phone) on 11 March 2013.

Web: www.verdi.de

EIRO national correspondent: Birgit Kraemer

8. Data on the employer associations

BDEW

German Association of Energy and Water Industries

Bundesverband der Energie- und Wasserwirtschaft

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes: BDEW also covers gas, heating and drinking water supply as well as sewage disposal.

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

No.

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Not applicable.

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary.

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes.

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis and on a regular basis.

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (within the electricity sector and beyond)?

1,826 (source: BDEW, as of 1 January 2013)

How many employees work in these member companies in total (within the electricity sector and beyond)?

258,233 (source: BDEW, as of 2010)

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

1,127 (source: BDEW, as of 1 January 2013)

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

134,628 (source BDEW, as of 2010)

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes.

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

World Energy Council DNK

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

Eurogas, Eureau, Eurelectic

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

None.

Source of information

Employer organisation: Ira Hartmann was contacted by phone and e-mail, 30 January 2013. Questionnaire returned 12 February 2013.

Web: http://www.bdew.de/internet.nsf/id/DE_Home

EIRO national correspondent: Sandra Vogel

VAEU

Federation of employer organisation for energy and utility providers

Vereinigung der Arbeitgeberverbände energie

und versorgungswirtschaftlicher Unternehmungen

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes. One member of VAEU also covers short-distance public transport, rail passenger services. Other members are also involved in disposal services (waste incineration), general business services and gas supply.

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

No, but its regional member associations.

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining.

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

406 (source: VAEU, as of 31 December 2011)

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

140,858 (source: VAEU, as of 31 December 2011)

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary.

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes.

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis with the authorities, on a regular basis with the union.

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

453 (source: VAEU, as of 31 December 2011)

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

152,609 (source: VAEU, as of 31 December 2011)

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

406 (source: VAEU, as of 31 December 2011)

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

140,858 (source: VAEU, as of 31 December 2011)

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes.

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

None.

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

None.

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

German Confederation of Employers’ Associations (BDA)

Source of information

Employer organisation: Mr Kleineberg was contacted on 6 February 2013. Questionnaire was returned on 21 February 2013.

Web: http://www.vaeu.de/

EIRO national correspondent: Sandra Vogel

VKA

Municipal Employers’ Association

Vereiningung der kommunalen Arbeitgeberverbände

The employer organisation’s domain  

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Generally speaking, only public companies and utilities. In the electricity sector municipal energy companies were however also privatised.

   

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes, such as hospitals and care facilities, public administration, waste disposal companies, public transport and airports.

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes.

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer collective bargaining.

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary.

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes.

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis.

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

10,000 (source: VKA, as of 2011)

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

2.28 million (source: VKA, as of 2011)

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

No information available.

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

No information available.

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

No information available.

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

None.

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

European Centre of Employers and Enterprises providing Public services (CEEP)

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

None.

Source of information

Employer organisation: Katja Christ was contacted on 20 February 203 and returned the questionnaire on 27 February 2013.

Web: http://www.vka.de/site/home/vka/startseite/

EIRO national correspondent: Sandra Vogel

9. Inter-associational relationships

9.1 Inter-union relationships

9.1.1 Please list all trade unions covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

IG BCE’s and ver.di’s domain might overlap.

9.1.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the trade unions within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

No.

9.1.3 If yes, are certain trade unions excluded from these rights?

No.

9.2 Inter-employer association relationships

9.2.1 Please list all employer associations covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

VAEU’s and VKA’s domain might overlap.

9.2.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the employer associations within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

No.

9.2.3 If yes, are certain employer associations excluded from these rights?

No.

9.2.4 Are there large companies or employer associations within the sector which refuse to recognise the trade unions and refuse to enter collective bargaining?

Not to our knowledge.

9. Commentary

Due to a different sector demarcation in German collective bargaining (covering the whole energy sector), there is no reliable estimate for the collective bargaining coverage in the electricity sector. However, employees are represented by the second and third biggest DGB unions – ver.di and IG BCE. Employers are covered by different collective bargaining agreements, also covering the largest companies in the industry. There are no jurisdictional disputes or recognition problems in the sector.

Sandra Vogel (IW Köln), Birgit Krämer (WSI)

Annex: Organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations
 

EPSU

IndustriALL

EURELECTRIC

AT

GDG, VERDI

PRO-GE

Österreichs E-Wirtschaft 

BE

CSC, CSC - Services Publics, SLFP,

CGSP ACOD,

CGSP-P, CGSP-G

GAZELCO Distrigas,

CG-FGTB,

CGSP-ACOD Gazelco,

CGSP Admi

ACV/CSC BIE,

LBC-NVK,

SETCA-BBTK

FEBEG,

SYNERGRID asbl

BG

NSFEB,

FEW-Podkrepa,

PK Services,

FCIW-PODK,

NDWU, VODOSNABDITEL,

FITUGO,

FCIW-PODKREPA

NF Energy - CL Podkrepa,

NFE,

NEWF Podkrepa

Bulgarian Electric Power Association

CY

FSGEC, PASYDY

FPUEAE

Electricity Authority of Cyprus

CZ

OS UNIOS,

Public Services International,

OS ECHO,

OS DLV, RWE

OS ECHO

CSZE

DE

VERDI

IG BCE

BDEW

DK

3F workers union,

DM, PEU, FOA,

DK Funktionærforbund,

DEF,

CO Industri

Dansk Energi

EE

AEEWTU

AEEWTU - EEAÜL

The Union of Electricity Industry of Estonia

ES

FITAG-UGT,

AGBAR,

FSAP-CCOO,

FSP UGT

FITAG-UGT,

FITEQA-CC.OO,

ELA-HAINBAT,

FI CC.OO,

UNESA

FI

JYTY, JHL, UNION of SALARIED EMPLOYEES,

PARDIA,

SÄHKÖLIITTO,

UIL (INSINÖÖRILIITTO),

Energiateollisuus ry

FR

CGT – FNME, FPSPSS-FO, CGT-SP, Public Services International, PSI,

INTERCO CFDT,

FNEM-FO, CFTC,

UNSA, FNME-CGT,

FCE-CFDT,

FNEM FO

UFE

GR

-

PFEPPRCI,

GENOP-DEI

HELAS

HU

VKDSZ, EVDSZ, HVDSZ 2000

V.D.Sz.Sz. (EVDSZ),

BDSZ

EMT

IE

ESBOA, IMPACT,

SIPTU, Electricity Supply Board Officers Association

SIPTU

EAI

IT

FEMCA, UILCEM,

FP-CGIL, FLAEI-CISL, FILCTEM-CGIL,

UILCEM

UNEI

LT

LITUF, LVPF,

LTUSE

 

Nacionaline Lietuvos Elektros Asociacija 

LU

CGT-L,

Confédération Luxembourgeoise des Syndicats Chrétiens - Secteur Public, LCGB,

LCGB

Organisation des Entreprises d’Electricité du Luxembourg

LV

LTUE, LAKRS

ENERGIJA, LINA

LEEA

MT

GWU

 

ENEMALTA Corporation

NL

ABVAKABO FNV, CNV

FNV Bondgenoten,

ABVAKABO FNV, EON

FNV,

CNV Vakmensen

Energie-Nederland,

Netbeheer Nederland

PL

SKEE Solidarnosc,

PSS Solidarnosc

SGiE Solidarnosc,

PKEE

PT

Sindicato dos Trabalhadores da AdministraçãoPública,

STAL, SINTAP,

SINDEL, STE

SINDEL

ELECPROR

RO

GAZ ROM,

UNIVERS,

Public Services International,

ENERGETICA,

APA NOVA,

GAZ MEDIAS,

FS Gaz Romania

UFS ATLAS, FSLCP,

FNME, Hidrosind,

FS Hidrosind,

IRE,

SE

SEKO, NOFS,

VISION,

HK Kommunal,

KOMMUNAL, TRANSPORT, FACKFORBUNDET

UNIONEN, SEF,

SVERIGES INGENJORER,

SEKO

Svensk Energi Swedenergy AB

SI

SDE SLOVENIJE

SDE

Slovenian Chamber of Commerce, Energy Association, EURELECTRIC Section

SK

SOZE, TUWIFWS,

POZ,

Slovak Gas Industry Trade Union,

Slovak Trade Union of Health and Social Services,

ECHOZ, SOZPS,

SPP

ZOJES

ZZES

UK

Prospect, UNISON,

NIPSA, FDA,

Unite the Union,

GMB

GMB,

UNITE (ex-TGWU),

UNITE the UNION

ENA, Energy UK, ERA

Useful? Interesting? Tell us what you think. Hide comments

Tilføj kommentar