Ireland: Representativeness of the European social partner organisations in the electricity sector

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Collective bargaining,
  • Social partners,
  • Participation at work,
  • Social dialog,
  • Employee representation,
  • Arbejdsmarkedsrelationer,
  • Published on: 26 januar 2014



About
Country:
Ireland
Author:
Institution:

Since the onset of EU-driven competition, Ireland’s electricity sector has witnessed the growth of a range of producers and distributors, such as Bord Gáis Energy and Airtricity who, in recent years, have engaged in sometimes aggressive marketing campaigns based on providing cheaper electricity for customers. These campaigns were all launched before price restrictions, imposed by the Commission for Energy Regulation, were lifted from the largest state utility, ESB. Many of the largest companies in the sector are semi-state companies who recognise and collectively bargain with trade unions. Some of the newer private sector providers who have entered the market do not recognise trade unions for collective bargaining purposes.

Sectoral properties

Economic backgroundSectoral coverage

This representativeness study covers companies and employees in the electricity sector, as defined by NACE Rev. 2 code 35.1:

35.1

Electric power generation, transmission and distribution

35.11

Production of electricity

35.12

Transmission of electricity

35.13

Distribution of electricity

35.14

Trade of electricity

1.2 Development of sectoral employment and companies

Table 1: Sectoral properties
 

2006

2011

Number of companies in the sector (including one-person companies and self-employed)

No information

No information

Source of company data    
Aggregate employment

8,486

9,798

Male employment

No information

No information

Female employment

No information

No information

Share of sectoral employment as a % of total employment in the economy

.004%

.005%

Source of employment figures

CSO

CSO

Comment

Reference year is 2006.

Figures are for employment in Production and distribution of electricity

Figures are for employment in Production and distribution of electricity

Aggregate employees    
Male employees    
Female employees    
Share of sectoral employees as a % of total employees in the economy    
Source of employee figures    
Comment    

2. Overview of the industrial relations landscape in the sector

Many of the main companies in the sector are semi-state companies – ESB, Bord Gais, Bord na Mona and Coillte. These companies recognise trade unions and collectively bargain at company level. Since the crisis some of these companies have negotiated restructuring and cost-saving agreements with trade unions. These companies mainly operate in the fossil fuel sector of electricity generation, which is characterised by high union membership levels, with the exception of senior management grades. Hence, collective bargaining coverage in production and distribution mirror the very high levels within the Irish public service, of around 80% to 90%.

Some of the newer, private sector companies in the sector do not recognise trade unions. The main renewable energy producer, Airtricity, which produces all of its electricity from wind farms, is a non-union company.

3. The sector’s trade unions and employer associations

This report includes detailed information on the following trade unions and employer associations:

(i) trade unions (or employees’ interest organisations) and employer organisations (or business associations) which are affiliated to the sector-related European Union Federation(s) or the sector-related European Employer/Business Federation(s) and represent members in the sector

The sector-related European employee organisations are:

  • IndustriAll Europa;
  • European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU).

The sector-related European employer organisations are:

  • The union of the electricity industry (EURELECTRIC).

(ii) trade unions and employer organisations which are party to sector-related collective bargaining and represent members in the sector.

This report does not include detailed information on the following organisations, because they fall outside the remit of the study:

iii) Affiliates to EU-level sectoral social partners, but without members in the sector. These are the affiliates of EPSU and IndustriAll Europa that have members in other sectors but not in the electricity sector. Use these weblinks for a full list of the IndustriAll affiliates and EPSU affiliates.

iv) Organisations which are involved in sector-related collective bargaining, but do not represent members in the sector.

v) Organisations which represent members in the sector, but are not involved in sector-related collective bargaining, and are not members of EU-level sectoral social-partner organisations.

3. Please list all the organisations which can be related to the study in the following overview table

Table 2: Overview of industrial relations landscape
Organisation – abbreviation Sector related (members in the sector) Member of a sector-related European organisation Involved in sector related CB Fact-sheet included Source of Information
SIPTU

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Own knowledge and previous CAR on electricity

Unite

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Own knowledge and previous CAR on electricity

ESBOA

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Own knowledge and previous CAR on electricity

IMPACT

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Own knowledge and previous CAR on electricity

TEEU

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Own knowledge and previous CAR on electricity

EAI

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Website

IBEC

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Own knowledge and previous CAR on electricity

The annex at the end of this questionnaire provides a list of all the organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations, broken down by country.

4. Collective bargaining in the electricity sector

4.1. Are employees in the sector as defined in Section 1 above and in Table 1 covered by collective bargaining?

Yes – but please note that some companies in the sector (for example Airtricity) are non-union. (See Q.2 above)

4.2. If yes, please consider the five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012 in the electricity sector and indicate their levels, the name of the agreements, respective coverage in terms of sectors/activities, the bargaining parties to the agreement and the numbers of employees covered within the electricity sector (also estimate):

Table 3: The five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012

Level

Common name

Sectoral coverage

No. of employees covered within the electricity sector

Bargaining parties

Employer(s)

(in case of single-employer agreements) or

Employer organisation(s)

(in case of multi-employer agreements)

Trade union(s)

1.

Single-employer agreements:

Company

ESB 5 year cost saving plan

N/A

Approx. 5,500

Electricity Supply Board (ESB)

ESB Group of Unions –

Unite, ESBOA(Electricity Supply Board Officer’s Association), TEEU (Technical Electrical and Engineering Union), SIPTU (Services Industrial Professional and Technical Union

Single-employer agreements:

Company

Bord Gais agreement 2013

N/A

Approx. 800

Bord Gais

SIPTU, Unite, TEEU

* Relevance is measured in terms of employees covered.

5. The system of collective bargaining

5.1. Estimate the sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage (i.e. the ratio of the number of employees covered by any kind of collective agreement to the total number of employees in the sector).

In the three semi-state companies that employee the majority of employees in the sector, collective bargaining coverage is as high as 80%–90%.

In private sector companies which do not recognise unions, there is no collective bargaining coverage.

5.2. Estimate the relative importance of multi-employer agreements and of single-employer agreements as a percentage of the total number of employees covered.

Single-employer agreements are the only types of agreement in the sector.

This follows the breakdown of national level social partnership in late 2009.

5.2.1. Is there a practice of extending multi-employer agreements to employers who are not affiliated to the signatory employer association/s?

Not applicable

5.2.2. If there is a practice of extending collective agreements targeting employers, is this practice pervasive or rather limited and exceptional?

Not applicable

6. Formulation and implementation of sector-specific public policies

6.1. Do tripartite bodies dealing with sector-specific issues exist? If yes, please indicate their domain of activity (for instance, health and safety, equal opportunities, labour market, social security and pensions etc.), their origin (agreement/statutory) and the interest organisations having representatives in them:

No

Individual companies, particularly those that are state owned (ESB, Bord Gais, Bord Na Mona) regularly hold discussions with their ‘line’ department, namely, the Department of Communication, Energy and Natural Resources. The initiative for discussions can come from either the department, the individual companies or from the Government Minister directly responsible.

7. Data on the trade unions

SIPTU
Services, Industrial, Professional, Technical Union

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No: SIPTU represents certain grades in Bord Gais, ESB and Bord na Mona

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes – SIPTU has members in nearly all sectors of the public and private sectors

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (company agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

No information

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

199,881 (2011 – ICTU report)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

2,100 (Estimate for 2012)

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU, IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ICTU; ESB Group of Unions

Source of information

EIRO national correspondent: Roisin Farrelly

Unite
Unite

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No: Unite represent certain grades in ESB, Bord na Mona and Bord Gais

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes – Unite has members in a large number of private and public sectors

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (company agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

31,594 (2011 – ICTU report)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

3,000 (2012 estimate)

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ICTU, ESB Group of Unions

Source of information

EIRO national correspondent: Roisin Farrelly

ESBOA
Electricity Supply Board Officer’s Association

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

No: ESBOA represents workers in ESB only

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No: ESBOA represents workers in ESB only

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No: ESBOA represents workers in ESB only

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

No: ESBOA represents workers in ESB only

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

No: ESBOA represents workers in ESB only

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (company agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

No information

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

1,740 (2011 – ICTU report)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

1,740 (2011 – ICTU report)

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ICTU, ESB Group of Unions

Source of information

EIRO national correspondent: Roisin Farrelly

IMPACT
Irish Municipal Public and Civil Trade Union

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

No: Impact has members in commercial semi-state company Coillte.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No: Impact has members in commercial semi-state company Coillte.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No: Impact has members in commercial semi-state company Coillte.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

No: Impact has members in commercial semi-state company Coillte.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (company agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

No information

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

63,566 (2011 – ICTU report)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

No information

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ICTU

Source of information

EIRO national correspondent: Roisin Farrelly

TEEU
Technical Electrical and Engineering Union

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No: TEEU represents certain craft grades in Bord Gais, ESB and Bord na Mona

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (company agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

39,000 (2011 – ICTU report)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

1,500 (Estimate for 2012)

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ICTU; ESB Group of Unions

Source of information

EIRO national correspondent: Roisin Farrelly

8. Data on the employer associations

IBEC
Irish Business and Employers Confederation

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

   

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes: IBEC represents companies in almost all sectors of the economy

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (company agreements)

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

Business Europe

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

Source of information

EIRO national correspondent: Roisin Farrelly

EAI
Electricity Association of Ireland

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

No

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

No

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

N/A

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On a regular basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

11 (2013)

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

No information

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

11 (2013)

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

No information

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

EURELECTRIC

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

Source of information

EIRO national correspondent: Roisin Farrelly

9. Inter-associational relationships

9.1 Inter-union relationships

9.1.1 Please list all trade unions covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

A number of the trade unions in this sector represent workers in the same companies. However, in general each union would represent different grades.

9.1.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the trade unions within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

There are no rivalries/competition as all unions are members of the Irish Congress of Trade Unions (ICTU) and therefore are subject to strict rules and procedures regarding the representation of members. ICTU rules state:

Unions should not take members of another union into membership, save with the consent of their existing union, pending the outcome of any dispute procedures referred to Congress under paragraphs 45/46 of the constitution.

9.1.3 If yes, are certain trade unions excluded from these rights?

Not applicable.

9.2 Inter-employer association relationships

9.2.1 Please list all employer associations covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

IBEC and EAI both have overlapping memberships.

9.2.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the employer associations within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

There is no rivalry as only IBEC has a negotiation licence and therefore can conclude collective agreements.

9.2.3 If yes, are certain employer associations excluded from these rights?

EAI cannot conclude collective agreements as it has no negotiation licence.

9.2.4 Are there large companies or employer associations within the sector which refuse to recognise the trade unions and refuse to enter collective bargaining?

Most of the main companies in the sector are semi-state companies – ESB, Bord Gais, Bord na Mona and Coillte. These companies recognise trade unions and collectively bargain at company level. However, some of the newer, private sector companies in the sector do not recognise trade unions. The main renewable energy producer, Airtricity, which produces all of its electricity from wind farms, is a non-union company.

9. Commentary

There are no major issues regarding representativeness in the sector. In general, the electricity semi-state companies, which dominate the fossil fuel sub-sector, are characterised by high union membership levels, with the exception of senior management grades. Hence, collective bargaining coverage in production and distribution mirror the very high levels within the Irish public service of around 80% to 90%. However, the main renewable energy producer, Airtricity, which produces all of its electricity from wind farms, is a non-union company.

One particular dispute in the sector concerns about 2,000 workers in Bord na Mona. The dispute is over the payment of wage increases under the last social partnership agreement, the Transitional Agreement. In May 2011, a Labour Court recommendation supported a union claim in relation to the first 3.5% increase under the defunct national agreement, but added that the parties should meet to discuss the basis on which that aspect of the claim should be addressed. The board of the commercial state-owned company then decided ‘not to increase general rates of pay’ at the company. However, the board also authorised management to enter into discussions with the group of unions at the company, with a view to seeking a resolution. Talks over the following 12 months resulted in a proposal for a consolidated non-pensionable pay increase of 1.75%, plus a consolidated but non-pensionable performance payment worth up to 1.75%. However, this was rejected by the unions, leading to a one-day strike and a two-day strike in June 2012 – the first company-wide industrial action at the semi-state energy and environmental company.

There have been no major reorganisations/splits/mergers of trade unions or employer organisations in the sector. However, in 2011, one union (the TEEU) withdrew for a time from the ESB Group of Unions, which is a negotiating group made up of unions representing all staff in ESB. The withdrawal of the TEEU from the group followed comments made by the chair of the union group, Brendan Ogle.

Roisin Farrelly, IRN Publishing

Annex: Organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations

 

EPSU

IndustriAll

EURELECTRIC

AT

GDG, VERDI

PRO-GE

Österreichs E-Wirtschaft 

BE

CSC, CSC - Services Publics, SLFP,

CGSP ACOD,

CGSP-P, CGSP-G

GAZELCO Distrigas,

CG-FGTB,

CGSP-ACOD Gazelco,

CGSP Admi

ACV/CSC BIE,

LBC-NVK,

SETCA-BBTK

FEBEG,

SYNERGRID asbl

BG

NSFEB,

FEW-Podkrepa,

PK Services,

FCIW-PODK,

NDWU, VODOSNABDITEL,

FITUGO,

FCIW-PODKREPA

NF Energy - CL Podkrepa,

NFE,

NEWF Podkrepa

Bulgarian Electric Power Association

CY

FSGEC, PASYDY

FPUEAE

Electricity Authority of Cyprus

CZ

OS UNIOS,

Public Services International,

OS ECHO,

OS DLV, RWE

OS ECHO

CSZE

DE

VERDI

IG BCE

BDEW

DK

3F workers union,

DM, PEU, FOA,

DK Funktionærforbund,

DEF,

CO Industri

Dansk Energi

EE

AEEWTU

AEEWTU - EEAÜL

The Union of Electricity Industry of Estonia

ES

FITAG-UGT,

AGBAR,

FSAP-CCOO,

FSP UGT

FITAG-UGT,

FITEQA-CC.OO,

ELA-HAINBAT,

FI CC.OO,

UNESA

FI

JYTY, JHL, UNION of SALARIED EMPLOYEES,

PARDIA,

SÄHKÖLIITTO,

UIL (INSINÖÖRILIITTO),

Energiateollisuus ry

FR

CGT – FNME, FPSPSS-FO, CGT-SP, Public Services International, PSI,

INTERCO CFDT,

FNEM-FO, CFTC,

UNSA, FNME-CGT,

FCE-CFDT,

FNEM FO

UFE

GR

-

PFEPPRCI,

GENOP-DEI

HELAS

HU

VKDSZ, EVDSZ, HVDSZ 2000

V.D.Sz.Sz. (EVDSZ),

BDSZ

EMT

IE

ESBOA, IMPACT,

SIPTU, Electricity Supply Board Officers Association

SIPTU

EAI

IT

FEMCA, UILCEM,

FP-CGIL, FLAEI-CISL, FILCTEM-CGIL,

UILCEM

UNEI

LT

LITUF, LVPF,

LTUSE

 

Nacionaline Lietuvos Elektros Asociacija 

LU

CGT-L,

Confédération Luxembourgeoise des Syndicats Chrétiens - Secteur Public, LCGB,

LCGB

Organisation des Entreprises d’Electricité du Luxembourg

LV

LTUE, LAKRS

ENERGIJA, LINA

LEEA

MT

GWU

 

ENEMALTA Corporation

NL

ABVAKABO FNV, CNV

FNV Bondgenoten,

ABVAKABO FNV, EON

FNV,

CNV Vakmensen

Energie-Nederland,

Netbeheer Nederland

PL

SKEE Solidarnosc,

PSS Solidarnosc

SGiE Solidarnosc,

PKEE

PT

Sindicato dos Trabalhadores da AdministraçãoPública,

STAL, SINTAP,

SINDEL, STE

SINDEL

ELECPROR

RO

GAZ ROM,

UNIVERS,

Public Services International,

ENERGETICA,

APA NOVA,

GAZ MEDIAS,

FS Gaz Romania

UFS ATLAS, FSLCP,

FNME, Hidrosind,

FS Hidrosind,

IRE,

SE

SEKO, NOFS,

VISION,

HK Kommunal,

KOMMUNAL, TRANSPORT, FACKFORBUNDET

UNIONEN, SEF,

SVERIGES INGENJORER,

SEKO

Svensk Energi Swedenergy AB

SI

SDE SLOVENIJE

SDE

Slovenian Chamber of Commerce, Energy Association, EURELECTRIC Section

SK

SOZE, TUWIFWS,

POZ,

Slovak Gas Industry Trade Union,

Slovak Trade Union of Health and Social Services,

ECHOZ, SOZPS,

SPP

ZOJES

ZZES

UK

Prospect, UNISON,

NIPSA, FDA,

Unite the Union,

GMB

GMB,

UNITE (ex-TGWU),

UNITE the UNION

ENA, Energy UK, ERA

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