Romania: Representativeness of the European social partner organisations in the electricity sector

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Agreements,
  • Collective bargaining,
  • Social partners,
  • Social dialog,
  • Arbejdsmarkedsrelationer,
  • Published on: 26 januar 2014



About
Country:
Romania
Author:
Institution:

In 2011, the electricity sector in Romania accounted for 0.6% of the employment and 1.2% of the number of employees in the Romanian economy. The sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage is estimated at over 70%, higher than the national average. The collective agreements at company level have a high coverage rate. There is also a multi employer collective agreement in force, signed by one trade union federation and one employer organisation.

Sectoral properties

Economic background

Sectoral coverage

This representativeness study covers companies and employees in the electricity sector, as defined by NACE Rev. 2 code 35.1:

35.1 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution

35.11 Production of electricity

35.12 Transmission of electricity

35.13 Distribution of electr

35.14 Trade of electricity

1.2 Development of sectoral employment and companies

Table 1: Sectoral properties
 

2001

2011

Number of companies in the sector (including one-person companies and self-employed)

NA

744

Source of company data  

Eurostat

Aggregate employment

NA

51,584

Male employment

NA

NA

Female employment

NA

Na

Share of sectoral employment as a % of total employment in the economy

Please give figures with one decimal place

0.6

Source of employment figures  

Eurostat and the Romanian Statistical Yearbook, National Institute of Statistics (INS), Bucharest, 2012 for total employment

Aggregate employees

NA

50,915

Male employees

NA

NA

Female employees

NA

NA

Share of sectoral employees as a % of total employees in the economy

Please give figures with one decimal place

1.2

Source of employee figures  

Eurostat and the Romanian Statistical Yearbook, National Institute of Statistics (INS), Bucharest, 2012 for total employment, 2011 for total number of employees

Comment  

Data for 2010.

2. Overview of the industrial relations landscape in the sector

No information.

3. The sector’s trade unions and employers associations

This report includes detailed information on the following trade unions and employer associations:

(i) trade unions (or employees’ interest organisations) and employer organisations (or business associations) which are affiliated to the sector-related European Union Federation(s) or the sector-related European Employer/Business Federation(s) and represent members in the sector

The sector-related European employee organisations are:

  • IndustriAll Europa;
  • European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU).

The sector-related European employer organisations are:

  • The union of the electricity industry (EURELECTRIC).

(ii) trade unions and employer organisations which are party to sector-related collective bargaining and represent members in the sector.

This report does not include detailed information on the following organisations, because they fall outside the remit of the study:

iii) Affiliates to EU-level sectoral social partners, but without members in the sector. These are the affiliates of EPSU and IndustriAll Europa that have members in other sectors but not in the electricity sector. Use these weblinks for a full list of the IndustriAll affiliates and EPSU affiliates.

iv) Organisations which are involved in sector-related collective bargaining, but do not represent members in the sector.

v) Organisations which represent members in the sector, but are not involved in sector-related collective bargaining, and are not members of EU-level sectoral social-partner organisations.

3a. Please list all the organisations which can be related to the study in the following overview table

Table 2: Overview of industrial relations landscape

Organisation abbreviation

Sector related (members in the sector)

Member of a sector-related European organisation

Involved in sector related CB

Factsheet included

Source of information

Gas Trade Unions Federation Romania (FS Gaz Romania)

Yes

Yes. EPSU

Yes. Representative at sectoral level: Energy, oil, gas and power, mining

Yes

www.mmuncii.ro

Univers National Trade Unions Federation of Electricity (Federaţia Univers)

Yes

Yes. EPSU

Yes. Representative at sectoral level: Energy, oil, gas and power mining

Yes

www.mmuncii.ro

Energetica Free and Independent Trade Unions Federation (Federaţia Energetica)

Yes

Yes. EPSU

Yes. Representative at sectoral level: Energy, oil, gas and power, mining

Yes

www.mmuncii.ro

APA NOVA

No.

Yes. EPSU

No

No

www.mmuncii.ro

Transport Gas Trade Union Medias (Sindicatul Transport Gaz Medias)

No. Only NACE 35.2

Yes. EPSU

No

No

www.mmuncii.ro

Trade Union Federation Atlas (UFS Atlas)

Yes

Yes. IndustriAll

Yes

Yes

www.ufsatlas.ro

Union’s Federation of Research and Development Employees Romania (FSLCPR)

No. Research and development activities

Yes. IndustriAll

No

No

www.fslcpr.ro

National Mining and Energy Federation (FNME)

Yes

Yes. IndustriAll

Yes. Representative at sectoral level: Energy, oil, gas and power, mining

Yes

www.mmuncii.ro

Trade Union Federation Hidrosind (Hidrosind)

Yes

Yes. IndustriAll

Yes. At company level

Yes

www.hidrosind.ro

Termoelectrica Trade Union Federation (Federaţia Termoelectrica)

Yes

No

Yes. At company level

Yes

www.mmuncii.ro

Energetica Employers Federation (FPEN)

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

www.mmuncii.ro

APEN Employers Organisation (APEN),

Yes

No

Yes. At company level

Yes

www.apen.ro

Romanian Employer Union EnergyPower (PUER)

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

http://www.fpen.ro/membrii.php

Romanian Institute for Energy Development Studies (IRE)

No. Research and development activities

Yes. IndustriAll

No

No

www.ire.ro

Employer Federation of Power Utilities Companies Associations (ACUE)

Yes

No

Yes. Representative at sectoral level: Energy, oil, gas and power, mining

Yes

www.acue.ro

4. Collective bargaining in the electricity sector

4.1. Are employees in the sector as defined in Section 1 above and in Table 1 covered by collective bargaining?

Yes

4.2. If yes, please consider the five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012 in the electricity sector and indicate their levels, the name of the agreements, respective coverage in terms of sectors/activities, the bargaining parties to the agreement and the numbers of employees covered within the sector (also estimate):

There is a multi employer agreement in force in the electricity sector. The ‘Collective agreement at group of units level from production, transport and distribution of thermal energy and electricity energy 2009–2013’, was signed on behalf of the employers by PUER and on behalf of the unions by Federaţia Energetica and Federaţia Termoelectrica. It is applicable in 23 out of 744 companies.

At company-level collective bargaining, the major representative for the employer side in the electricity production subsector is FPEN, either directly or its member APEN. At the start of 2012, the new employer federation ACUE gained its representation rights according to the new rules established by the Social Dialogue Law (no. 62/May 2011).

The main trade union federations active in the electricity sector are:

  • Federaţia Univers;
  • Federaţia Energetica;
  • UFS Atlas (with Hidrosind as member);
  • FNME;
  • Federaţia Termoelectrica.
Table 3: The five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012

Level

Common name

Sectoral coverage

No. of employees covered within the electricity sector

Bargaining parties

Employer(s)

(in case of single-employer agreements) or

Employer organisation(s)

(in case of multi-employer agreements)

Trade union(s)

Multi-employer agreements Group of units

Collective agreement at group of units level from production, transport and distribution of thermal energy and electricity energy 2009-2013

NA

Romanian Employer Union EnergyPower (PUER)

Energetica Free and Independent Trade Unions Federation (Federaţia Energetica)

Termoelectrica Trade Union Federation (Federaţia Termoelectrica)

Single-employer agreements:

Company

Collective agreement at company level Electrocentrale Bucuresti

Sectionalism

Fossil Fuels electricity production

3,100

Termoelectrica, affiliated to APEN which is member of FPEN

Trade union (approx. 3,200 members) affiliated to the Termoelectrica Federation (Federaţia Termoelectrica), approx. 7,000 members, and a member of the National Free Trade Unions Confederation from Romania Frăţia (CNSLR Frăţia)

Single-employer agreements:

Company

Collective agreement at company level Complexul Energetic Craiova

Sectionalism

Fossil Fuels electricity production

2,175

Affiliated to FPEN

One trade union (1,154 members) affiliated to the Mining Energy Federation Craiova (FEM)

One trade union (460 members) affiliated to the National Mining and Energy Federation (FNME), 19,000 members)

One trade union (365 members) affiliated to the Energetica Federation

One trade union (350 members) affiliated to Termoelectrica Federation (approx. 7,000 members)

Single-employer agreements:

Company

Collective agreement at company level Complexul Energetic Turceni

Sectionalism

Fossil Fuels electricity production

4,496

Affiliated to FPEN

One trade union (4,430 members) affiliated to (FNME)

One trade union (261 members) affiliated to Termoelectrica Federation

Single-employer agreements:

Company

Collective agreement at company level Nuclearelectrica

Sectionalism

Nuclear electricity production

2,167

Company affiliated to APEN which is member of FPEN

The Operatom Trade Union (Sindicatul Operatom, 495 members) affiliated to the Univers National Trade Unions Federation of Electricity (Federaţia Naţională a Sindicatelor din Electricitate Univers), National Federation Univers

One trade union (910 members) affiliated to FNME

One trade union (193 members) affiliated to Termoelectrica Federation

One trade union (165 members) affiliated to Energetica Federation

Single-employer agreements:

Company

Collective agreement at company level Hidroelectrica

Sectionalism

Hydro electricity production

5,243

Company affiliated to APEN which is member of FPEN

Trade Union Federation Hidrosind (Hidrosind) – 4,800 members) affiliated to CNSLR Frăţia

One trade union (368 members) affiliated to National Federation Univers

* Relevance is measured in terms of employees covered.

5. The system of collective bargaining

5.1. Estimate the sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage (i.e. the ratio of the number of employees covered by any kind of collective agreement to the total number of employees in the sector).

The sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage is estimated at over 70%.

5.2. Estimate the relative importance of multi-employer agreements and of single-employer agreements as a percentage of the total number of employees covered.

Multi employer agreement coverage is estimated at approximately 15% and single employer agreements coverage is estimated at 85%.

5.2.1. Is there a practice of extending multi-employer agreements to employers who are not affiliated to the signatory employer association/s?

No.

5.2.2. If there is a practice of extending collective agreements targeting employers, is this practice pervasive or rather limited and exceptional?

Not the case.

6. Formulation and implementation of sector-specific public policies

6.1. Do tripartite bodies dealing with sector-specific issues exist? If yes, please indicate their domain of activity (for instance, health and safety, equal opportunities, labour market, social security and pensions etc.), their origin (agreement/statutory) and the interest organisations having representatives in them:

Yes: the Social dialogue Commission at Ministry of Economy (ME).

All the trade unions and employer federations in the sector, as members of national trade unions and employer confederations, may be delegated by these to participate at social dialogue commission meetings.

According to Law no. 62/2011, all national trade union confederations and all employer organisations representative at national level, must regain their rights of representation. Because this process has not yet finished, organisations which had representation rights under the former rules, still take part in social dialogue.

Table 3: Sector-specific public policies*

Name of the body and scope of activity

Bipartite/tripartite

Origin: agreement/statutory

Trade unions having representatives (reps)

Employer associations having reps.

Commission at ME level

Tripartite

Statutory

All the national representative trade union confederations

The National Trade Union Confederation Cartel Alfa (CNS Cartel Alfa)

The National Trade Union Bloc (BNS)

The National Confederation of Free Trade Unions from Romania Frăţia (CNSLR Frăţia)

The Meridian National Trade Union Confederation (CSN Meridian)

The Confederation of Democratic Trade Unions in Romania (CSDR)

All the national representative employer associations

The General Union of Romanian Industrialists 1903 (UGIR 1903)

The Employer Confederation of Romanian Industry (CONPIROM)

The Romanian Employers (PR)

The National Union of Romanian Employers (UNPR)

The National Confederation of Romanian Employers (CNPR);

The National Council of Private Small and Medium Enterprises (CNIPMMR)

The General Union of Romanian Industrialists (, UGIR)

The National Council of Romanian Employers (CoNPR)

The Romanian National Employers (PNR);

The Romanian Association of Building Entrepreneurs (ARACO);

The Employers Confederation for Industry, Services and Commerce (CPISC)

The National Union of Employers with Private Capital in Romania (UNPCPR)

The CONCORDIA Employers Confederation (CP CONCORDIA)

* Sector-specific policies specifically target and affect the sector under consideration.

7. Data on the trade unions

Federaţia Naţională a Sindicatelor din Electricitate Univers, Federaţia Univers
Univers National Trade Unions Federation of Electricity
Federaţia Naţională a Sindicatelor din Electricitate Univers

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes.

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

25,000

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

26,506

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

25,000

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

National Trade Union Bloc (BNS)

Source of information

Trade union: President Adolf Muresan, http://www.federatieunivers.ro/

Website/other secondary sources: www.mmuncii.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

Federaţia Sindicatelor Libere şi Independente Energetica, Federaţia Energetica
Energetica Free and Independent Trade Unions Federation
Federaţia Sindicatelor Libere şi Independente Energetica

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

2,000

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

13,669

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

2,000

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

BNS

Source of information

Trade union: President Ion Pisc,

http://www.energeticieni.ro/

Website/other secondary sources: www.mmuncii.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

Trade union Fact sheet 3 – UFS Atlas
Uniunea Federativă Sindicală Atlas, UFS Atlas
Trade Union Federation Atlas
Uniunea Federativă Sindicală Atlas

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes/

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

10,000

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

NA

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

10,000

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

National Free Trade Union Confederation from Romania Frăţia (CNSLR Frăţia)

Source of information

Trade union: President Liviu Luca, http://www.ufsatlas.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

Trade union Fact sheet 4 – FNME
Federaţia Naţională Mine Energie, FNME
National Mining and Energy Federation
Federaţia Naţională Mine Energie

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

ICEM

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EMCEF

IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

National Trade Union Confederation Cartel Alfa (CNS Cartel Alfa)

Source of information

Trade union: President Marin Condescu

Website/other secondary sources: www.fnme.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

Federaţia Sindicală Hidroelectrica Hidrosind, Hidrosind
Trade Union Federation Hidrosind
Federaţia Sindicală Hidroelectrica Hidrosind

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No. Specific for hydro electricity subsector

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes. Specific services

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

CNSLR Frăţia

Source of information

Trade union: President Decebal Sulea

Website/other secondary sources: http://hidrosind.org.ro/

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

Trade union Fact sheet 6 – Federaţia Termoelectrica
Federaţia Sindicală Termoelectrica, Federaţia Termoelectrica
Termoelectrica Trade Union Federation
Federaţia Sindicală Termoelectrica

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes. Specific services

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

CNSLR Frăţia

Source of information

Trade union: President Ioan Samoilă

Website/other secondary sources: www.cnslr-fratia.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

Federaţia Sindicatelor Gaz România, Federaţia Gaz România
Gaz Romania Trade Unions Federation
Federaţia Sindicatelor Gaz România, Federaţia Gaz România

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes. NACE 35.2

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single and multi-employer bargaining

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

EPSU

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

CNSLR Frăţia

Source of information

Trade union: General Secretary Gheorghe Miloiu

Website/other secondary sources: www.mmuncii.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

8. Data on the employer associations

Federaţia Patronală Energetica – FPEN
Energetica Employers Federation
Federaţia Patronală Energetica

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

300

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

250

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

NA

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this Employers organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

Employer Confederation Concordia (CP Concordia)

Source of information

Employer organisation: President Ioan Dan Gheorghiu

Website/other secondary sources: www.fpen.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

Asociaţia Patronală Energia – APEN
APEN Employers Organisation
Asociaţia Patronală Energia

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

201

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

100

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

NA

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this Employers organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

At sectoral level at FPEN

At national level at CP Concordia

Source of information

Employer organisation: President Ioan Dan Gheorghiu

Website/other secondary sources: www.fpen.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

Patronatul Uniunea Energetică Română, PUER
Romanian Employer Union EnergyPower
Patronatul Uniunea Energetică Română

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

23

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

12

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

NA

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this Employers organisation?

No

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

At sectoral level at FPEN

At national level at CP Concordia

Source of information

President Valter Popescu

Website/other secondary sources: www.fpen.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

Federaţia Patronală a Asociaţiilor Companiilor de Utilităţi din Energie, ACUE
Employer Federation of Power Utilities Companies Associations
Federaţia Patronală a Asociaţiilor Companiilor de Utilităţi din Energie

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Both single- and multi-employer bargaining

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

14

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

11

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

15,000

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this Employers organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

At national level at CP Concordia

Source of information

Executive Director: Silvia Vlăsceanu Website/other secondary sources: www.acue.ro

EIRO national correspondent: Luminita Chivu

9. Inter-associational relationships

9.1 Inter-union relationships

9.1.1 Please list all trade unions covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

  • Federaţia Univers;
  • Federaţia Energetica;
  • UFS Atlas;
  • FNME;
  • Federaţia Gaz România;
  • Hidrosind;
  • Federaţia Termoelectrica

9.1.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the trade unions within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

No.

9.1.3 If yes, are certain trade unions excluded from these rights?

Not the case.

9.2 Inter-employer association relationships

9.2.1 Please list all employer associations covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

FPEN, APEN, PUER and ACUE

9.2.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the employer associations within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

No

9.2.3 If yes, are certain employer associations excluded from these rights?

Not the case

9.2.4 Are there large companies or employer associations within the sector which refuse to recognise the trade unions and refuse to enter collective bargaining?

No information available regarding these situations.

9. Commentary

The electricity sector has a very high trade union membership (estimated at more than 80%). One of the reasons for this is the existence of large companies in the sector. Until now, even if in most of the companies the collective agreement in force is signed by trade union organisations affiliated at different federations, there have been no rivalries or competition among them. However, the introduction of the new Social dialogue law, meant that, in order to become representative at company level, a trade union organisation must provide evidence that at least half of a company’s employees (plus one) are its members. In these new conditions there could be mergers and fusions between trade union organisations.

Annex: Organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations

 

EPSU

IndustriALL

EURELECTRIC

AT

GDG, VERDI

PRO-GE

Österreichs E-Wirtschaft 

BE

CSC, CSC - Services Publics, SLFP,

CGSP ACOD,

CGSP-P, CGSP-G

GAZELCO Distrigas,

CG-FGTB,

CGSP-ACOD Gazelco,

CGSP Admi

ACV/CSC BIE,

LBC-NVK,

SETCA-BBTK

FEBEG,

SYNERGRID asbl

BG

NSFEB,

FEW-Podkrepa,

PK Services,

FCIW-PODK,

NDWU, VODOSNABDITEL,

FITUGO,

FCIW-PODKREPA

NF Energy - CL Podkrepa,

NFE,

NEWF Podkrepa

 Bulgarian Electric Power Association

CY

FSGEC, PASYDY

FPUEAE

Electricity Authority of Cyprus

CZ

OS UNIOS,

Public Services International,

OS ECHO,

OS DLV, RWE

OS ECHO

CSZE

DE

VERDI

IG BCE

BDEW

DK

3F workers union,

DM, PEU, FOA,

DK Funktionærforbund,

DEF,

CO Industri

 Dansk Energi

EE

AEEWTU

AEEWTU - EEAÜL

The Union of Electricity Industry of Estonia

ES

FITAG-UGT,

AGBAR,

FSAP-CCOO,

FSP UGT

FITAG-UGT,

FITEQA-CC.OO,

ELA-HAINBAT,

FI CC.OO,

UNESA

FI

JYTY, JHL, UNION of SALARIED EMPLOYEES,

PARDIA,

SÄHKÖLIITTO,

UIL (INSINÖÖRILIITTO),

Energiateollisuus ry

FR

CGT – FNME, FPSPSS-FO, CGT-SP, Public Services International, PSI,

INTERCO CFDT,

FNEM-FO, CFTC,

UNSA, FNME-CGT,

FCE-CFDT,

FNEM FO

UFE

GR

-

PFEPPRCI,

GENOP-DEI

HELAS

HU

VKDSZ, EVDSZ, HVDSZ 2000

V.D.Sz.Sz. (EVDSZ),

BDSZ

EMT

IE

ESBOA, IMPACT,

SIPTU, Electricity Supply Board Officers Association

SIPTU

EAI

IT

FEMCA, UILCEM,

FP-CGIL, FLAEI-CISL, FILCTEM-CGIL,

UILCEM

UNEI

LT

LITUF, LVPF,

LTUSE

 

Nacionaline Lietuvos Elektros Asociacija 

LU

CGT-L,

Confédération Luxembourgeoise des Syndicats Chrétiens - Secteur Public, LCGB,

LCGB

Organisation des Entreprises d’Electricité du Luxembourg

LV

LTUE, LAKRS

ENERGIJA, LINA

LEEA

MT

GWU

 

ENEMALTA Corporation

NL

ABVAKABO FNV, CNV

FNV Bondgenoten,

ABVAKABO FNV, EON

FNV,

CNV Vakmensen

Energie-Nederland,

Netbeheer Nederland

PL

SKEE Solidarnosc,

PSS Solidarnosc

SGiE Solidarnosc,

PKEE

PT

Sindicato dos Trabalhadores da AdministraçãoPública,

STAL, SINTAP,

SINDEL, STE

SINDEL

ELECPROR

RO

FS Gaz Romania, Federaţia Univers, Federaţia Energetica, Federaţia Apă Canal, Sindicatul Transport Gaz Medias

UFS Atlas, FSLCPR,

FNME, Hidrosind

IRE,

SE

SEKO, NOFS,

VISION,

HK Kommunal,

KOMMUNAL, TRANSPORT, FACKFORBUNDET

UNIONEN, SEF,

SVERIGES INGENJORER,

SEKO

 Svensk Energi Swedenergy AB

SI

SDE SLOVENIJE

SDE

Slovenian Chamber of Commerce, Energy Association, EURELECTRIC Section

SK

SOZE, TUWIFWS,

POZ,

Slovak Gas Industry Trade Union,

Slovak Trade Union of Health and Social Services,

ECHOZ, SOZPS,

SPP

ZOJES

ZZES

UK

Prospect, UNISON,

NIPSA, FDA,

Unite the Union,

GMB

GMB,

UNITE (ex-TGWU),

UNITE the UNION

ENA, Energy UK, ERA

Luminita Chivu, Institute of National Economy

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