Spain: Representativeness of the European social partner organisations in the electricity sector

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Collective bargaining,
  • Social partners,
  • Participation at work,
  • Employee representation,
  • Arbejdsmarkedsrelationer,
  • Published on: 26 januar 2014



About
Country:
Spain
Author:
Institution:

In the Spanish electricity sector, collective bargaining takes place at company level. With regard to the social partner organisations, there is only one employer association which fulfils the criteria for inclusion in the study. It is affiliated to the European sectoral social partner EURELECTRIC, but it is not involved in collective bargaining. On the employee side, a pluralistic association system prevails. Accordingly, eight unions have been identified. All of them participate in company collective bargaining although only three of them are affiliated to the European sectoral unions. It is also worth noting that three of the unions identified are company unions.

Sectoral properties

Economic background

The economic downturn has negatively affected the consumption of electricity, although during 2009 and 2010 a slight recovery was observed. In 2010, electricity consumption rose by 2.9%. However, in 2011, according to figures from the Association for the Spanish Electricity Industry (UNESA) consumption started to fall again, dropping by 2.7%. This drop, linked to the economic crisis, does not seem to have affected sectoral employment. Thus, from 2008 to 2010 the total number of employees in the sector rose by almost 1%, from 32,855 to 33,154, according to the European Business Structure (2013). At the same time, the number of sectoral companies increased by 3,900 from 2008 to 2011 (European Business Structure, 2013). However, it must be born in mind that the electricity sector in Spain is dominated by large companies, most of which derive from the former public monopoly. 

Sectoral coverage

This representativeness study covers companies and employees in the electricity sector, as defined by NACE Rev. 2 code 35.1:

35.1 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution

35.11 Production of electricity

35.12 Transmission of electricity

35.13 Distribution of electricity

35.14 Trade of electricity

Development of sectoral employment and companies

 

2008

2011

Number of companies in the sector (including one-person companies and self-employed)

11,787

15,687

Source of company data

European Business Structure

European Business Structure

Aggregate employment

43,822

48,093

Male employment    
Female employment    
Share of sectoral employment as a % of total employment in the economy    
Source of employment figures

European Business Structure

European Business Structure

Aggregate employees

32,855

33,154 (2010)

Male employees    
Female employees    
Share of sectoral employees as a % of total employees in the economy    
Source of employee figures

European Business Structure

European Business Structure

Comment  

2. Overview of the industrial relations landscape in the sector

There is only one employer association which fulfils the criteria to be included in the study: the Association for the Spanish Electricity Industry (UNESA). It covers everything in the sector except the trade of electricity. It comprises the five biggest companies of the sector. It is affiliated to EURELECTRIC but is not involved in collective bargaining.

On the employee side, a pluralistic association system prevails. There are eight unions which fall inside the conceptual scope of the study. Three of these unions are federations of a broader trade union confederation organized at national level: FITAG-UGT, FI-CCOO and FI-USO. There is also a national confederation (CGT) and a regional union which covers one Autonomous Community (ELA). There are also three company unions: SIE, ATYPE-CC and Asociación de Cuadros del Grupo Hidrocantábrico.

All these unions are involved in collective bargaining concluded at the company level. However, only FITAG-UGT, FI-CCOO and ELA are affiliated to EPSU or IndustriAll.

3. The sector’s trade unions and employers associations

This report includes detailed information on the following trade unions and employer associations:

(i) trade unions (or employees’ interest organisations) and employer organisations (or business associations) which are affiliated to the sector-related European Union Federation(s) or the sector-related European Employer/Business Federation(s) and represent members in the sector

The sector-related European employee organisations are:

  • IndustriAll Europa;
  • European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU).

The sector-related European employer organisations are:

  • The union of the electricity industry (EURELECTRIC).

(ii) trade unions and employer organisations which are party to sector-related collective bargaining and represent members in the sector.

This report does not include detailed information on the following organisations, because they fall outside the remit of the study:

iii) Affiliates to EU-level sectoral social partners, but without members in the sector. These are the affiliates of EPSU and IndustriAll Europa that have members in other sectors but not in the electricity sector. Use these weblinks for a full list of the IndustriAll affiliates and EPSU affiliates.

iv) Organisations which are involved in sector-related collective bargaining, but do not represent members in the sector.

v) Organisations which represent members in the sector, but are not involved in sector-related collective bargaining, and are not members of EU-level sectoral social-partner organisations.

3a. Please list all the organisations which can be related to the study in the following overview table

Organisation abbreviation

Sector related (members in the sector)

Member of a sector-related European organisation

Involved in sector related CB

Fact-sheet included

Source of Information

FITAG-UGT

Yes

Yes

Yes or No

Yes

Contact made with contact person provided

FI CC.OO.

Yes

Yes

Yes or No

Yes

Contact made with contact person provided

ELA-HAINBAT

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Contact made with contact person of the union

SIE

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Contact person of the union and internet source

ATYPE-CC

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Contact was not possible

FI-USO

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Contact made with contact person of the union

CGT

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Contact made with contact person of the union

Asociación de Cuadros del Grupo Hidrocantábrico

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Contact was not possible

FITEQA-CC.OO.

No

Yes

No

No

Internet source

FSC-CCOO

No

Yes

No

No

Internet source

FSP UGT

No

Yes

No

No

Internet source

Inter-union Galician Confederation CIG

Yes

No

No

No

Internet source

UNESA

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Contact made with contact person provided

Spanish Association of Producers of Renewable Energies APPA

Yes

No

No

No

Internet source

4. Collective bargaining in the electricity sector

Collective bargaining in the electricity sector has been traditionally characterised by a great degree of decentralisation. Accordingly, collective agreements concluded at the group and company level or even at the job centre level are the main bargaining levels in the sector, according to a 2005 report on collective bargaining in the energy sector, published by the Ministry of Employment (in Spanish, 409KB PDF). In fact, there are no multi-employer sectoral agreements, with the exception of the provincial multi-employer collective bargaining for electricity distribution companies in Cordoba (within the Autonomous Community of Andalusia).

4.1. Are employees in the sector as defined in Section 1 above and in Table 1 covered by collective bargaining?

Yes, employees are covered by single-employer agreements.

4.2. If yes, please consider the five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012 in the electricity sector and indicate their levels, the name of the agreements, respective coverage in terms of sectors/activities, the bargaining parties to the agreement and the numbers of employees covered within the electricity sector (also estimate):

Level

Common name

Sectoral coverage

No. of employees covered within the electricity sector

Bargaining parties

Employer(s)

(in case of single-employer agreements) or

Employer organisation(s)

(in case of multi-employer agreements)

(Please provide full name and abbreviation)

Trade union(s)

(Please provide full name and abbreviation)

Single-employer agreements:

Group

ENDESA

 

ENDESA

CCOO, UGT and ASIE

Single-employer agreements:

Group

IBERDROLA

Workers of HIBERDROLA

 

IBERDROLA

SIE, ATYPE-CC, CC.OO, USO and CGT

Single-employer agreements:

Group

.

GAS NATURAL

Workers of GAS NATURAL

 

GAS NATURAL

FITEQA-CCOO and FIA-UGT,

Single-employer agreements:

Group

RED ELÉCTRICA (It is an agreement of limited efficiency since it was not agreed by all the unions)

Workers of RED ELÉCTRICA

 

RED ELÉCTRICA

CCOO and UGT

Single-employer agreements:

Group

E.ON España

Workers of E.ON España

 

E.ON España

CCOO, UGT

Single-employer agreements:

Group

HC ENERGÍA

   

HC ENERGÍA

SOMA-FIA-UGT,

CC.OO., and Asociación de Cuadros del Grupo Hidrocantábrico

* Relevance is measured in terms of employees covered.

The union ASIE (the company union of ENDESA) has merged with the union SIE (the company union of Iberdrola). Currently the union is called SIE. Accordingly, we only provide information in a factsheet about SIE.

5. The system of collective bargaining

In the electricity sector, collective agreements are mainly concluded at the group and company levels or even at the jobcentre level. There are no multi-employer collective agreements in the sector, with the exception of the provincial multi-employer collective bargaining for electricity distribution companies located in Cordoba (within the Autonomous Community of Andalusia).

5.1. Estimate the sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage (i.e. the ratio of the number of employees covered by any kind of collective agreement to the total number of employees in the sector).

It is not possible to estimate the sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage because statistics of the Ministry of Employment on collective agreements provide information only regarding two NACE code digits.

5.2. Estimate the relative importance of multi-employer agreements and of single-employer agreements as a percentage of the total number of employees covered.

There are no multi-employer collective agreements in the sector, with the exception of the provincial multi-employer collective bargaining for electricity distribution companies located in Cordoba (within the Autonomous Community of Andalusia). However, this agreement is not very relevant in terms of employees covered.

5.2.1. Is there a practice of extending multi-employer agreements to employers who are not affiliated to the signatory employer association/s?

Yes

5.2.2. If there is a practice of extending collective agreements targeting employers, is this practice pervasive or rather limited and exceptional?

It is pervasive

6. Formulation and implementation of sector-specific public policies

6.1. Do tripartite bodies dealing with sector-specific issues exist? If yes, please indicate their domain of activity (for instance, health and safety, equal opportunities, labour market, social security and pensions etc.), their origin (agreement/statutory) and the interest organisations having representatives in them:

There are no tripartite bodies in the sector. The energy policy is determined by the Government, with no specific space for social dialogue or collective bargaining.

7. Data on the trade unions

FITAG-UGT

Federation of Industry and Farmer Workers of the General Workers’ Unions of the General Workers’ Unions

Federación de Industria y Trabajadores Agrarios de la Unión General de Trabajadores

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, it also covers the following sectors: agriculture, food and drink, textile and leather, mining and chemical.

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining. It involves plant, company and group agreements

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Info not available

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

Info not available

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll and EPSU

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

 

Source of information

Trade union: Manuel Espinosa, General Secretary of FITAG-UGT, was sent a questionnaire by email on 4 March, plus phone contact was attempted, but he did not respond.

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.fitagugt.org/

EIRO national correspondent: Pablo Sanz

FI-CCOO

Federation of Industry of the Trade Union Confederation of Workers’ Commissions

Federación de Industria de Comisiones Obreras

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, it also covers the metal and mining sector

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (company and group agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

CCOO

Source of information

Trade union: Palmira García, head of the electricity section of FI-CCOO, was sent a questionnaire by email on 4 March. On 6 March she sent us back the questionnaire responding to all our questions

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.industria.ccoo.es/industria/

EIRO national correspondent: Pablo Sanz

FI-USO

Federation of Industry of the Workers’ Trade Unionist Confederation

Federación de Industria de la Unión Sindical Obrera

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, it also covers textile and clothing, chemical, mining, construction, graphic arts and agriculture

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining at plant, company and group level

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

None

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

None

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

None

Source of information

Trade union: Rosario Rodríguez, General Secretary of the Federation of Industry of USO until February 2013. Currently, she is General Secretary of the union in the company Gas Natural. She responded to some of our questions by telephone on 13 March, 2013.

Web-site/other secondary sources: www.uso.es

EIRO national correspondent: Pablo Sanz

CGT

General Labour Confederation

Confederación General del Trabajo

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining at plant level

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Info not available

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Info not provided

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

None

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

None

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

None

Source of information

Trade union: Javier Valdemira, responsible for the energy sector, was sent a questionnaire by email on 4 March. He refused to answer our questions because some of them go against the confidentiality principle of the union CGT

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.cgt.org.es/

EIRO national correspondent: Pablo Sanz

ELA-HAINBAT

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

No, only the Basque Country

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes. It also covers chemical, textile, paper, graphics, fisher, mass media and construction.

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (company agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

 

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

 

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

ELA

Source of information

Trade union: Iñaki Sanandrés. Head of the federation in Bizkaia. On 4 March we contacted Miguel Canales Gutiérrez and he responded to some of our questions by telephone.

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.ela-sindikatua.org/es

EIRO national correspondent: Pablo Sanz

SIE

Independent Union of Energy

Sindicato Independiente de la Energía

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes, but only from two companies: ENDESA and HIBERDROLA

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, only ENDESA and HIBERDROLA

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

All the regions where ENDESA and HIBERDROLA have jobcentres

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (plant agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

None

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

None

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

None

Source of information

Trade union: Manuel Roncero, SIE Director, was contacted on 4 March. On the 17 March he sent us back the questionnaire responding our questions.

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.sie.org.es/

EIRO national correspondent: Pablo Sanz

ATYPE-CC

Association of the Energy IBERDROLA group Technicians and Professionals

Asociación de Técnicos y Profesionales de la Energía IBERDROLA grupo

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only white collars within the company group IBERDROLA

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, only the company group IBERDROLA

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Those regions where the company group IBERDROLA is active

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

No

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (group agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

None

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

None

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

None

Source of information

Trade union: It was not possible to contact the union. The email address which appears in its website is incorrect, and there is no telephone number.

Website/other secondary sources: http://atype-cc.com/site/index.php

EIRO national correspondent: Pablo Sanz

Asociación de Cuadros del Grupo Hidrocantábrico

Hidrocantábrico Group Managers Association

Asociación de Cuadros del Grupo Hidrocantábrico

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only managers

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, only the company Grupo Hidrocantábrico

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Info not available

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Info not available

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Single-employer bargaining (group agreements)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Info not available

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

Info not available

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

Info not available

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

Info not available

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

Info not available

Source of information

Trade union: It was not possible to contact them.

Website/other secondary sources: the union has no website

EIRO national correspondent: Pablo Sanz

8. Data on the employer associations

UNESA

Spanish Association of the Electricity Industry

Asociación Española de la Industria Eléctrica

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, it only covers big companies

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

No

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

No

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

 

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

 

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

 

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On an ad-hoc basis

.

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this Employers organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

None

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

EURELECTRIC

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

CEOE

Source of information

Employer organisation: Miguel Canales Gutiérrez, head of Human Resources, contacted by telephone on 4 March and responded to all of our questions.

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.unesa.es/

EIRO national correspondent: Pablo Sanz

9. Inter-associational relationships

9.1 Inter-union relationships

9.1.1 Please list all trade unions covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

FITAG-UGT, FI-CCOO, ELA-HAINBAT, SIE, CGT, USO, ATYPE-CC and the Association of Managers of the Group Hidrocantábrico

9.1.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the trade unions within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

None are known

9.1.3 If yes, are certain trade unions excluded from these rights?

All the unions quoted in the study are involved in single-employer collective agreements.

9.2 Inter-employer association relationships

9.2.1 Please list all employer associations covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

The only employer association which fulfils the criteria to be included is UNESA

9.2.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the employer associations within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

None are known as UNESA does not take part in collective bargaining.

9.2.3 If yes, are certain employer associations excluded from these rights?

Employer associations in the sector are not involved in collective bargaining.

9.2.4 Are there large companies or employer associations within the sector which refuse to recognise the trade unions and refuse to enter collective bargaining?

No, all the large companies recognise the trade unions.

9. Commentary

In the electricity sector, collective agreements are mainly concluded at the group and company levels or even at the jobcentre level. There are no multi-employer collective agreements in the sector, with the exception of a provincial multi-employer collective bargaining which covers a relatively low proportion of workers. With regards to the social partner organisations, there is only one employer association which fulfils the criteria to be included in the study. It is affiliated to the European sectoral social partner EURELECTRIC, but it is not involved in collective bargaining. On the employee side a pluralistic association system prevails. Accordingly, eight unions have been identified. All of them participate in company collective bargaining, although only three of them are affiliated to the European sectoral unions. In addition, it is worth noting that three of the unions are company unions.

Pablo Sanz de Miguel. CIREM Foundation

Annex: Organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations

 

EPSU

IndustriALL

EURELECTRIC

AT

GDG, VERDI

PRO-GE

Österreichs E-Wirtschaft 

BE

CSC, CSC - Services Publics, SLFP,

CGSP ACOD,

CGSP-P, CGSP-G

GAZELCO Distrigas,

CG-FGTB,

CGSP-ACOD Gazelco,

CGSP Admi

ACV/CSC BIE,

LBC-NVK,

SETCA-BBTK

FEBEG,

SYNERGRID asbl

BG

NSFEB,

FEW-Podkrepa,

PK Services,

FCIW-PODK,

NDWU, VODOSNABDITEL,

FITUGO,

FCIW-PODKREPA

NF Energy - CL Podkrepa,

NFE,

NEWF Podkrepa

 Bulgarian Electric Power Association

CY

FSGEC, PASYDY

FPUEAE

Electricity Authority of Cyprus

CZ

OS UNIOS,

Public Services International,

OS ECHO,

OS DLV, RWE

OS ECHO

CSZE

DE

VERDI

IG BCE

BDEW

DK

3F workers union,

DM, PEU, FOA,

DK Funktionærforbund,

DEF,

CO Industri

 Dansk Energi

EE

AEEWTU

AEEWTU - EEAÜL

The Union of Electricity Industry of Estonia

ES

FITAG-UGT,

AGBAR (It is a private company. It is not a union)

FSAP-CCOO (the current name of the union is FSC-CCOO),

FSP UGT

FITAG-UGT,

FITEQA-CC.OO,

ELA-HAINBAT,

FI CC.OO,

UNESA

FI

JYTY, JHL, UNION of SALARIED EMPLOYEES,

PARDIA,

SÄHKÖLIITTO,

UIL (INSINÖÖRILIITTO),

Energiateollisuus ry

FR

CGT – FNME, FPSPSS-FO, CGT-SP, Public Services International, PSI,

INTERCO CFDT,

FNEM-FO, CFTC,

UNSA, FNME-CGT,

FCE-CFDT,

FNEM FO

UFE

GR

-

PFEPPRCI,

GENOP-DEI

HELAS

HU

VKDSZ, EVDSZ, HVDSZ 2000

V.D.Sz.Sz. (EVDSZ),

BDSZ

EMT

IE

ESBOA, IMPACT,

SIPTU, Electricity Supply Board Officers Association

SIPTU

EAI

IT

FEMCA, UILCEM,

FP-CGIL, FLAEI-CISL, FILCTEM-CGIL,

UILCEM

UNEI

LT

LITUF, LVPF,

LTUSE

 

Nacionaline Lietuvos Elektros Asociacija 

LU

CGT-L,

Confédération Luxembourgeoise des Syndicats Chrétiens - Secteur Public, LCGB,

LCGB

Organisation des Entreprises d’Electricité du Luxembourg

LV

LTUE, LAKRS

ENERGIJA, LINA

LEEA

MT

GWU

 

ENEMALTA Corporation

NL

ABVAKABO FNV, CNV

FNV Bondgenoten,

ABVAKABO FNV, EON

FNV,

CNV Vakmensen

Energie-Nederland,

Netbeheer Nederland

PL

SKEE Solidarnosc,

PSS Solidarnosc

SGiE Solidarnosc,

PKEE

PT

Sindicato dos Trabalhadores da AdministraçãoPública,

STAL, SINTAP,

SINDEL, STE

SINDEL

ELECPROR

RO

GAZ ROM,

UNIVERS,

Public Services International,

ENERGETICA,

APA NOVA,

GAZ MEDIAS,

FS Gaz Romania

UFS ATLAS, FSLCP,

FNME, Hidrosind,

FS Hidrosind,

IRE,

SE

SEKO, NOFS,

VISION,

HK Kommunal,

KOMMUNAL, TRANSPORT, FACKFORBUNDET

UNIONEN, SEF,

SVERIGES INGENJORER,

SEKO

 Svensk Energi Swedenergy AB

SI

SDE SLOVENIJE

SDE

Slovenian Chamber of Commerce, Energy Association, EURELECTRIC Section

SK

SOZE, TUWIFWS,

POZ,

Slovak Gas Industry Trade Union,

Slovak Trade Union of Health and Social Services,

ECHOZ, SOZPS,

SPP

ZOJES

ZZES

UK

Prospect, UNISON,

NIPSA, FDA,

Unite the Union,

GMB

GMB,

UNITE (ex-TGWU),

UNITE the UNION

ENA, Energy UK, ERA

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