Sweden: Representativeness of the European social partner organisations in the electricity sector

  • Observatory: EurWORK
  • Topic:
  • Agreements,
  • Collective bargaining,
  • Social partners,
  • Participation at work,
  • Social dialog,
  • Arbejdsmarkedsrelationer,
  • Published on: 22 januar 2014



About
Country:
Sweden
Author:
Institution:

The electricity sector has, in recent years, become increasingly important for the Swedish economy. Despite a decline in the number of companies and employees, the industry and structure of industrial relations have been largely unaffected by the crisis. The largest employer organisation, EnergiFöretagens Arbetsgivareförening (EFA), organises private sector companies including the three largest electricity producers (Vattenfall, E.ON and Fortum). The Municipality Companies’ Cooperative Organisation (KFS) and Arbetsgivarförbundet Pacta (Pacta) both represent municipal and state-owned companies. Trade union memberships are spread across different unions, along the division between blue-collar and white-collar workers and between publicly owned and privately owned companies. While negotiations between the social partners in the sector normally take place without any conflicts, in 2010 a dispute over the EFA collective agreement between EFA and the trade unions resulted in strike action.

Sectoral properties

Economic background

The electricity sector has, in recent years, become increasingly important for the Swedish economy. In 2012, Sweden posted record net electricity exports of 20 TWh compared with to 7.2 TWh in 2011. This was mainly due to the increased production of hydropower, as a result of the good supply of water throughout the year.

The crisis is not seen as a significant cause of the decline in companies (from 430 in 2008 to 359 in 2011) or in employees (from 20,545 in 2008 to 15,908 in 2011). According to the social partners, there has been a slight decline in industrial electricity consumption, however, it has not affected the sector considerably. The cause of this decline may instead be a general trend of outsourcing, subcontracting, specialisation and compartmentalisation of work in the electricity sector, which has been noted since 2008. The trend includes increased use of staffing companies and consultancies executing temporary work, which has led to employment reductions within the sector (SE1202029Q).

The Swedish electricity sector is dominated by three companies, Vattenfall, E.ON and Fortum. Vattenfall, the biggest producer, is owned by the Swedish state but technically run as a private shareholding company.

Sectoral coverage

This representativeness study covers companies and employees in the electricity sector, as defined by NACE Rev. 2 code 35.1:

35.1 Electric power generation, transmission and distribution

35.11 Production of electricity

35.12 Transmission of electricity

35.13 Distribution of electricity

35.14 Trade of electricity

Development of sectoral employment and companies

Table 1: Sectoral properties
 

2001

2011

Number of companies in the sector (including one-person companies and self-employed)

430

359

Comment

Figure for 2008 (2001 is not available).

 
Source of company data

Statistics Sweden

Statistics Sweden

Aggregate employment

n/a

n/a

Male employment

n/a

n/a

Female employment

n/a

n/a

Share of sectoral employment as a % of total employment in the economy

n/a

n/a

Source of employment figures    
Comment    
Aggregate employees

20,545

15,908

Male employees

n/a

n/a

Female employees

n/a

n/a

Share of sectoral employees as a % of total employees in the economy

0,5%

0,3%

Source of employee figures

Statistics Sweden

Statistics Sweden

Comment

Figure for 2008 (2001 is not available).

 

2. Overview of the industrial relations landscape in the sector

The Swedish electricity sector has three main employers’ associations. The largest, EnergiFöretagens Arbetsgivareförening (EFA), organises private sector companies including the three largest electricity producers (Vattenfall, E.ON and Fortum). The Municipality Companies’ Cooperative Organisation (KFS) and Arbetsgivarförbundet Pacta (Pacta) both represent municipal and state-owned companies.

Trade union membership is spread across different unions. The Swedish Electricians Union (SEF) is the dominating union for blue collar workers in the private electricity sector. The trade union for professionals in the private sector (Unionen) is the biggest union for white collar workers in the private electricity sector.

In the public sector, The Swedish Municipal Workers’ Union (Kommunal) dominates among blue collar workers and Vision (Vision) among white-collar workers.

The Confederation of Executives and Managerial Staff (Ledarna) represents managers while the Swedish Association of Graduate Engineers (Sveriges Ingenjörer) and the Swedish Association of Graduates in Business Administration and Economics (Civilekonomerna) represent academics in the sector. The Union of Service and Communication Employees (SEKO) represent mainly blue-collar workers in the private sector and in municipality-owned companies.

Another organisation involved in collective bargaining in the sector is the Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Sveriges Akademikers Centralorganisation, SACO). Saco is a trade union confederation of 22 affiliated associations. In the Swedish electricity sector the affiliated SACO-associations bargain as one part, except from Sveriges Ingenjörer and Civilekonomerna who bargain separately. Therefore, a fact sheet on SACO has been included. A representative from the Swedish Union of University Graduates of Law, Business Administration and Economics, Computer and Systems Science, Personnel Management and Social Science (Jusek), a member of SACO, has been responsible for the negotiations on behalf of the affiliated associations.

Swedenergy is a non-profit industry and special interest organisation for companies involved in the supply of electricity. The organisation monitors and promotes the interests of its members and the industry in general but is not involved in sector-related collective bargaining.

3. The sector’s trade unions and employers associations

This report includes detailed information on the following trade unions and employer associations:

(i) trade unions (or employees’ interest organisations) and employer organisations (or business associations) which are affiliated to the sector-related European Union Federation(s) or the sector-related European Employer/Business Federation(s) and represent members in the sector

The sector-related European employee organisations are:

  • IndustriAll Europa;
  • European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU).

The sector-related European employer organisations are:

  • The union of the electricity industry (EURELECTRIC).

(ii) trade unions and employer organisations which are party to sector-related collective bargaining and represent members in the sector.

This report does not include detailed information on the following organisations, because they fall outside the remit of the study:

iii) Affiliates to EU-level sectoral social partners, but without members in the sector. These are the affiliates of EPSU and IndustriAll Europa that have members in other sectors but not in the electricity sector. Use these weblinks for a full list of the IndustriAll affiliates and EPSU affiliates.

iv) Organisations which are involved in sector-related collective bargaining, but do not represent members in the sector.

v) Organisations which represent members in the sector, but are not involved in sector-related collective bargaining, and are not members of EU-level sectoral social-partner organisations.

3a. Please list all the organisations which can be related to the study in the following overview table

Table 2: Overview of industrial relations landscape

Organisation abbreviation

Sector-related (members in the sector)

Member of a sector-related European organisation

Involved in sector related CB

Fact sheet included

Source of information

EFA

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Tomas Torstensson

KFS

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Mats Andersson

Pacta

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Hanna Astervall

Kommunal

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Jörgen Gustavsson

Vision

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Sven-Erik Trulsson

SEF

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Arne Duvåker

SEKO

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Christer Carlsson

Unionen

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Jan Jangsäter

Ledarna

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Antonio Ropero

Sveriges Ingenjörer

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Karin Nordin

Fackförbundet ST

No

Yes

No

No

Lena Edberg

Civilekonomerna

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Ulrika Semelius Kihlgren

SACO

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Per-Olof Sorsell

Transport

No

Yes

No

No

Marcel Carlstedt

NOFS

No

Yes

No

No

Kjartan Lund

Swedenergy

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Bosse Andersson

The annex at the end of this questionnaire provides the list of all the organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations, broken down by country.

4. Collective bargaining in the electricity sector

4.1. Are employees in the sector as defined in Section 1 above and in Table 1 covered by collective bargaining?

Yes

4.2. If yes, please consider the five main relevant* collective agreements (single-employer and multi-employer agreements) valid in 2012 in the electricity sector and indicate their levels, the name of the agreements, respective coverage in terms of sectors/activities, the bargaining parties to the agreement and the numbers of employees covered within the electricity sector (also estimate):

Level

Common name

Sectoral coverage

No. of employees covered within the electricity sector

Bargaining parties

Employer(s)

(in case of single-employer agreements) or

Employer organisation(s)

(in case of multi-employer agreements)

Trade union(s)

Multi-employer agreement (Sectoral/ branch)

Branschavtal energi

Sectionalism

12,500

EFA

Unionen

The Swedish Association of Graduate Engineers

Ledarna

SEKO

Multi-employer agreement (Sectoral/ branch)

Energiavtalet

Sectionalism

12,000

KFS

Kommunal

SEKO

Vision

The Swedish Association of Graduate Engineers

Ledarna

Swedish Association of Economics or Business School Graduates SACO

.

Multi-employer agreement (Sectoral/ branch)

Kraftverksavtalet

Sectionalism

1,500

EFA

SEF

Multi-employer agreement (Sectoral/ branch)

n/a

Sectionalism

300

Pacta

SEKO

* Relevance is measured in terms of employees covered.

5. The system of collective bargaining

5.1. Estimate the sector’s rate of collective bargaining coverage (i.e. the ratio of the number of employees covered by any kind of collective agreement to the total number of employees in the sector).

The collective agreement coverage is very high, around 95 %, according to the social partners.

5.2. Estimate the relative importance of multi-employer agreements and of single-employer agreements as a percentage of the total number of employees covered.

Over 95 % of the employees in the sector are covered by multi-employer agreements.

5.2.1. Is there a practice of extending multi-employer agreements to employers who are not affiliated to the signatory employer association/s?

Yes, an application agreement (hängavtal) which a union concludes with an individual employer which does not belong to a signatory esmployers’ association – exist to a limited extent, mostly among foreign companies operating in Sweden.

5.2.2. If there is a practice of extending collective agreements targeting employers, is this practice pervasive or rather limited and exceptional?

Limited

6. Formulation and implementation of sector-specific public policies

6.1. Do tripartite bodies dealing with sector-specific issues exist? If yes, please indicate their domain of activity (for instance, health and safety, equal opportunities, labour market, social security and pensions etc.), their origin (agreement/statutory) and the interest organisations having representatives in them:

No

7. Data on the trade unions

Vision

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only white-collar workers

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, Only in the public sector and in public owned (fully or partly owned) companies.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

5,000

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis (relatively rare)

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

135,000 (2012)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

5,000 (2012)

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

No (no members in Vattenfall, E-on and Fortum)

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

n/a

To which European level-organisations is the union affiliated?

The European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU)

Public Services International (PSI)

Nordens offentliganställdas fackliga samorganisation (NOFS)

Nordiska tjänstemannarådet (NTR)

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

The Swedish Confederation for Professional Employees (TCO)

Public Employees` Negotiation Council (OFR)

Ingenjörsamfundet (ISF)

Source of information

Sven-Erik Trulsson, telephone interview, 19 February 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: http://vision.se/

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw

Ledarna

Organization for executive and managing staff

Sveriges cheforganisation Ledarna

The union’s domain

.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only white-collar workers (managers)

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

3,000

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

90,000

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

3,000

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes (for example in Vattenfall and Fortum)

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

European confederation of managers (CEC)

EUROCADRES

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

Privattjänstemannakartellen (PTK)

Source of information

Antonio Ropero, telephone interview on 19 February 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: http://www.ledarna.se/

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

SEF

The Swedish Electricians’ Union

Svenska Elektrikerförbundet

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only blue-collar workers

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, only companies in the private sector

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, the union also covers installation electricians.

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

1,500

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On a regular basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

25,000

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

1,500

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

n/a

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

Nordic Federation of Building and Wood Workers (NFBWW)

IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

The Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO)

Source of information

Arne Duvåker, telephoned 22 February 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: www.sef.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

Unionen

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only white-collar workers

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, only the private sector

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, all sectors

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

6,300

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes (but most often via the Swedish Confederation for Professional Employees (TCO))

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

.

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

580,000 (2012)

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

6,300 (2012)

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes (Vattenfall, E-ON, Fortum)

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

UNI Global Union (UNI)

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

The Swedish Confederation for Professional Employees (TCO)

The Council for Negotiation and Co-operation (PTK

Source of information

Jan Jangsäter, telephone interview, 21 February 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: www.unionen.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

Kommunal

The Swedish Municipal Workers’ Union

Svenska Kommunalarbetareförbundet

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only blue-collar workers.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, in all sectors

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

1,200

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On a regular basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

505,000

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

1,200

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

No

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

International Transport Workers Federation (ITF), Public Services international (PSI), International Union of Food workers (IUL)

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)

The European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU),

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

The Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO)

Source of information

Jörgen Gustavsson, telephone interview 25 February 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: www.kommunal.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

The Swedish Association of Graduate Engineers

Sveriges Ingenjörer

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only white-collar workers

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

3,550

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On an ad-hoc basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

111,831

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

3,550

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

IndustriAll Global Union (IndustriAll)

Confédération Européenne des Cadres (CEC) The Federation of professional engineers (FEANI)

The International Federation of Chemical, Energy, Mine and General Workers’ Unions (ICEM)

The International Metalworkers’ Federation (IMF

UNI Global Union (UNI)

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

Association for Nordic Engineers (ANE)

Industri-anställda i Norden (IN)

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

The Swedish Confederation for Professional Employees (TCO)

Source of information

Karin Nordin, Sveriges Ingenjörer, telephone interview 26 February 2013

Website/other secondary sources: www.sverigesingenjörer.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

SACO

The Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations

Sveriges Akademikers centralorganisation

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

Yes

.

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, only members employed in municipality owned enterprises

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

1,500 (2012)

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

Info not available

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

636,000

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

1,500 (2012)

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

No

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

n/a

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

n/a

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

n/a

Source of information

Telephone interview, Per-Olof Sorsell, Jusek, 28 February 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: www.saco.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

SEKO

The Swedish Association for service and communication

Facket för Service och Kommunikation

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, mainly is blue-collar workers

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, in nine branches: Rail transportation; public administration; postal; roads and railways; telecomms; correctional treatment; energy; defence; maritime

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

4,500

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

On a regular basis

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

90,000

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

4,500

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)

Public Services International (PSI)

The European Transport Workers’ Federation (ETF)

UNI Europe

The European Federation of Public Service Unions (EPSU),

The Executive Committee of ETUC (ETUC)

The Nordic Transport Federation (NTF)

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

Swedish Trade Union Confederation (LO)

Source of information

Christer Carlsson, telephone interview on 28 February 2013

Website/other secondary sources: www.seko.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

Civilekonomerna

Swedish Association of Economics or Business School Graduates

Civilekonomerna

The union’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all occupations within the electricity sector among both blue-collar workers and white-collar workers?

No, only white-collar workers

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc. – of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the union potentially cover employees outside the electricity sector?

Yes, in all sectors

General information on the union

 

Is the union engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many employees are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the union within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

170

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

.

Is the union being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the union?

 

Members

 

How many active members in employment does the union have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

40,070

How many active members in employment does the union have within the electricity sector only?

170

Does the union have members in the largest electricity companies?

No

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the union affiliated?

Union Network International (UNI)

The International Labour Organization (ILO) and The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU)

To which European-level organisations is the union affiliated?

The Nordic Association of Economics or Business School Graduates (NCF), the Council of Nordic Trade Unions (NFS), the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)

To which national-level organisations is the union affiliated?

The Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (SACO)

Source of information

Ulrika Kihlgren Simelius, telephone and mail 27 February and 1 March 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: www.civilekonomerna.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

8. Data on the employer associations

EFA

The Employers’ Association for Energy Companies

EnergiFöretagens Arbetsgivareförening

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, only private companies, however, EFA also represents Vattenfall, which is state-owned and the biggest company in sector

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes, in the whole energy sector

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

130 (2012)

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

14,000 (2012)

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

.

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

150 (2012)

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

18,000 (2012)

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

130

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

14,000

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

Eurelectric

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

The Confederation of Swedish Enterprise (Svenskt Näringsliv)

Source of information

Kent Brorsson, telephone interview on 4 March 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: www.efa.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

KFS

The Municipality Companies’ Cooperative Organisation

Kommunala Företagens Samorganisation

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

No, mainly municipality owned companies

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes, samhällsnära tjänster bolag som gör samhällsnytta, utbildning, museum flygplatser, trafikföretag, bussbolag 15 branscher

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

212 (2012)

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

12,000 (2012)

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

No

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

.

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

574 (2012)

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

30,000 (2012)

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

212 (2012)

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

12,000 (2012)

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

No (not in Vattenfall, E-on and Fortum)

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

The European Centre of Employers and Enterprises providing Public services (CEEP)

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

Source of information

Oskar Pettersson, telephone interview on 4 March 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: www.kf.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

Pacta

Employers’ Association of Local Federations of Local Authorities and Enterprises

Arbetsgivarförbundet Pacta

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

n/a

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes, companies in all sectors which are privately owned or owned by county councils or municipalities.

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

Yes, companies in all sectors which are privately owned or owned by county councils or municipalities.

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

Yes

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

Multi-employer bargaining (sectoral/branch)

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

n/a

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

300 (according to information from SEKO)

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Info not available

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

 

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

605 (2012)

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

48,000 (2012)

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

n/a

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

n/a

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

No, not in Vattenfall, E-on and Fortum.

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

 

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

The European Centre of Employers and Enterprises providing Public services CEEP

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

The Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Region (SALAR)

Source of information

Hanna Astervall, Pacta, telephone interview 5 March 2013.

Website/other secondary sources: www.pacta.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

Swedenergy

Svensk Energi

The employer organisation’s domain

 

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover the entire electricity sector, including all of the sub-activities as a whole, as listed above?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover, within the electricity sector, all (legal) forms and size classes of enterprises (for instance: public ownership, private ownership, multinationals, domestic companies, SMEs, etc.) (of course, only insofar as they exist in the sector)?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies, within the electricity sector, in all regions of your country?

Yes

According to its domain, does the employer organisation potentially cover companies and/or business activities outside the electricity sector?

No.

General information on the organisation

 

Is the employer organisation engaged in sector-related collective bargaining?

No

If yes, what form of collective bargaining?

 

How many companies are covered by the collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

 

How many employees are covered by the sector-related collective agreement/s signed by the employer organisation within the electricity sector (including those covered via extension mechanisms)?

 

Please indicate the type of membership

Voluntary

Is the employer organisation being consulted by the authorities in sector-related matters?

Yes

How often do sector-related consultations involve the employer organisation?

On a regular basis

Members

 

How many member companies does the employer organisation have in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

169

How many employees work in these member companies in total (i.e. within the electricity sector and beyond)?

n/a

How many member companies does the employer organisation have within the electricity sector only?

169

How many employees work in these member companies within the electricity sector only?

n/a.

Are the largest electricity companies affiliated to this employer organisation?

Yes

Affiliations

 

To which international organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

World Energy Council (WEC)

To which European-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

The Union of the Electricity Industry ( Eurelectric), Geode, Nordenergi

To which national-level organisations is the employer organisation affiliated?

EnergiFöretagens Arbetsgivareförening (EFA)

Source of information

Bosse Andersson, telephone interview 20 February 2012

Website/other secondary sources: www.svenskenergi.se

EIRO national correspondent: Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

9. Inter-associational relationships

9.1 Inter-union relationships

9.1.1 Please list all trade unions covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

  • The Swedish Municipal Workers’ Union (Kommunal)
  • Vision (Vision)
  • The Swedish Electricians Union (Svenska Elektrikerförbundet, SEF)
  • The Union of Service and Communication Employees (SEKO)
  • Trade union for professionals in the private sector (Unionen)
  • The Confederation of Executives and Managerial Staff (Ledarna)
  • The Swedish Association of Graduate Engineers (Sveriges Ingenjörer)
  • The Swedish Association of Graduates in Business Administration and Economics (Civilekonomerna)
  • Affiliated unions of the Swedish Confederation of Professional Associations (Sveriges Akademikers Centralorganisation, SACO)

9.1.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the trade unions within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

No. Competition exists only over member recruitment.

9.1.3 If yes, are certain trade unions excluded from these rights?

9.2 Inter-employer association relationships

9.2.1 Please list all employer associations covered by this study whose domains overlap within the sector.

  • The employers’ association for Energy Companies (EnergiFöretagens Arbetsgivareförening, EFA)
  • The Municipality Companies’ Cooperative Organisation (Kommunala Företagens Samorganisation, KFS)
  • Arbetsgivarförbundet Pacta (Pacta)

9.2.2 Do rivalries and competition exist among the employer associations within the sector, concerning the right to conclude collective agreements and to be consulted in public policy formulation and implementation?

No

9.2.3 If yes, are certain employer associations excluded from these rights?

No data supplied

9.2.4 Are there large companies or employer associations within the sector which refuse to recognise the trade unions and refuse to enter collective bargaining?

No

9. Commentary

Negotiations between the social partners in the sector normally take place without any conflict. One exception is, however, in the 2010 negotiating round when a dispute between EFA and the trade unions over a collective agreement resulted in a strike action.

The Swedish electricity sector is difficult to demarcate from related NACE codes (35.2 and 35.3) and the energy sector in general. Some companies working with electric power generation, transmission and distribution also work with steam and air conditioning supply. Therefore, it was difficult for the social partners to estimate the number of members in NACE code 35.1 only. The numbers should therefore be seen as rough estimates.

Emilia Johansson and Jenny Nordlöw, Oxford Research

Annex: Organisations which are members of the sector-related European organisations

 

EPSU

IndustriAll

EURELECTRIC

AT

GDG, VERDI

PRO-GE

Österreichs E-Wirtschaft 

BE

CSC, CSC - Services Publics, SLFP,

CGSP ACOD,

CGSP-P, CGSP-G

GAZELCO Distrigas,

CG-FGTB,

CGSP-ACOD Gazelco,

CGSP Admi

ACV/CSC BIE,

LBC-NVK,

SETCA-BBTK

FEBEG,

SYNERGRID asbl

BG

NSFEB,

FEW-Podkrepa,

PK Services,

FCIW-PODK,

NDWU, VODOSNABDITEL,

FITUGO,

FCIW-PODKREPA

NF Energy - CL Podkrepa,

NFE,

 Bulgarian Electric Power Association

CY

FSGEC, PASYDY

FPUEAE

Electricity Authority of Cyprus

CZ

OS UNIOS,

Public Services International,

OS ECHO,

OS DLV, RWE

OS ECHO

CSZE

DE

VERDI

IG BCE

BDEW

DK

3F workers union,

DM, PEU, FOA,

DK Funktionærforbund,

DEF,

CO Industri

 Dansk Energi

EE

AEEWTU

AEEWTU - EEAÜL

The Union of Electricity Industry of Estonia

ES

FITAG-UGT,

AGBAR,

FSAP-CCOO,

FSP UGT

FITAG-UGT,

FITEQA-CC.OO,

ELA-HAINBAT,

FI CC.OO,

UNESA

FI

JYTY, JHL, UNION of SALARIED EMPLOYEES,

PARDIA,

SÄHKÖLIITTO,

UIL (INSINÖÖRILIITTO),

Energiateollisuus ry

FR

CGT – FNME, FPSPSS-FO, CGT-SP, Public Services International, PSI,

INTERCO CFDT,

FNEM-FO, CFTC,

UNSA, FNME-CGT,

FCE-CFDT,

FNEM FO

UFE

GR

-

PFEPPRCI,

GENOP-DEI

HELAS

HU

VKDSZ, EVDSZ, HVDSZ 2000

V.D.Sz.Sz. (EVDSZ),

BDSZ

EMT

IE

ESBOA, IMPACT,

SIPTU, Electricity Supply Board Officers Association

SIPTU

EAI

IT

FEMCA, UILCEM,

FP-CGIL, FLAEI-CISL, FILCTEM-CGIL,

UILCEM

UNEI

LT

LITUF, LVPF,

LTUSE

 

Nacionaline Lietuvos Elektros Asociacija 

LU

CGT-L,

Confédération Luxembourgeoise des Syndicats Chrétiens - Secteur Public, LCGB,

LCGB

Organisation des Entreprises d’Electricité du Luxembourg

LV

LTUE, LAKRS

ENERGIJA, LINA

LEEA

MT

GWU

 

ENEMALTA Corporation

NL

ABVAKABO FNV, CNV

FNV Bondgenoten,

ABVAKABO FNV, EON

FNV,

CNV Vakmensen

Energie-Nederland,

Netbeheer Nederland

PL

SKEE Solidarnosc,

PSS Solidarnosc

SGiE Solidarnosc,

PKEE

PT

Sindicato dos Trabalhadores da AdministraçãoPública,

STAL, SINTAP,

SINDEL, STE

SINDEL

ELECPROR

RO

GAZ ROM,

UNIVERS,

Public Services International,

ENERGETICA,

APA NOVA,

GAZ MEDIAS,

FS Gaz Romania

UFS ATLAS, FSLCP,

FNME, Hidrosind,

FS Hidrosind,

IRE,

SE

SEKO, NOFS,

VISION,

HK Kommunal,

KOMMUNAL, TRANSPORT, FACKFORBUNDET

UNIONEN, SEF,

SVERIGES INGENJORER,

SEKO

 Svensk Energi Swedenergy AB

SI

SDE SLOVENIJE

SDE

Slovenian Chamber of Commerce, Energy Association, EURELECTRIC Section

SK

SOZE, TUWIFWS,

POZ,

Slovak Gas Industry Trade Union,

Slovak Trade Union of Health and Social Services,

ECHOZ, SOZPS,

SPP

ZOJES

ZZES

UK

Prospect, UNISON,

NIPSA, FDA,

Unite the Union,

GMB

GMB,

UNITE (ex-TGWU),

UNITE the UNION

ENA, Energy UK, ERA

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