Working conditions

Retten til at være offline — en undersøgelse af virksomhedspraksis

Report
Udgivet
9 september 2021
pdf
Formats and languages
Executive summary in 22 languages
Hent
Forfatter(e): 
Weber, Tina

Væsentlige konklusioner

  • Home-based teleworkers are twice as likely to exceed the 48-hour working time limit as workers onsite and are significantly more likely to work in their free time. Following the shift to telework during the pandemic, this is likely to lead to more hybrid working arrangements in the future, putting the spotlight on whether existing labour legislation is fit for purpose.
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  • Home-based teleworkers are twice as likely to exceed the 48-hour working time limit as workers onsite and are significantly more likely to work in their free time. Following the shift to telework during the pandemic, this is likely to lead to more hybrid working arrangements in the future, putting the spotlight on whether existing labour legislation is fit for purpose.
  • The experience of the first four Member States that have introduced rules and agreements on the right to disconnect prior to 2021 has demonstrated the pivotal role of the social partners in ensuring these rules are translated into reality on the ground. In countries with weaker industrial relations, legislation can provide a fallback option to ensure minimum standards are met.
  • The introduction of the right to disconnect in companies has revealed that a ‘soft’ approach through awareness raising, training and the management of out of hours connection is more common than a ‘hard disconnection’, which severs access to company communication during specific times.
  • New agreements and texts addressing the right to disconnect will need to consider the issues that lead to the ‘perceived’ need for constant connection, such as workload, lack of training and work processes that feed overconnection. High-level buy-in and regular reinforcement of the message on the importance of the right to disconnect will be critical for its success.
  • Although evidence of the impact of the right to disconnect on employee health and well-being, work–life balance, gender equality and company performance is lacking, social partners’ experiences at company level suggest that positive changes in company culture are taking place following the introduction of the right to disconnect.
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Resumé

Digitale teknologier har givet mange arbejdstagere mulighed for at udføre deres arbejde når som helst og hvor som helst. Det er der både fordele og ulemper ved. Eurofounds data viser, at telearbejdere har dobbelt så stor sandsynlighed for at overskride grænsen for arbejdstid på 48 timers om ugen,Read more

Digitale teknologier har givet mange arbejdstagere mulighed for at udføre deres arbejde når som helst og hvor som helst. Det er der både fordele og ulemper ved. Eurofounds data viser, at telearbejdere har dobbelt så stor sandsynlighed for at overskride grænsen for arbejdstid på 48 timers om ugen, få utilstrækkeligt med hvile og arbejde i fritiden, med afsmittende virkninger på deres fysiske og mentale sundhed. For at løse dette problem efterspørges der en "ret til at være offline". Denne rapport er baseret på casestudier, der kortlægger gennemførelsen og virkningen af retten til at være offline i forhold til arbejdet. Den bygger på tidligere Eurofoundforskning, der viser en stigning i antallet af kollektive aftaler, der fastlægger retten til at være offline, i lande hvor denne ret er indarbejdet i lovgivningen. Bedre balance mellem mulighederne og udfordringerne ved telearbejde og IKT-baseret flekstid er mere relevant end nogensinde før, nu hvor telearbejde er vokset eksponentielt som følge af covid-19-pandemien.

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Formats and languages

Forskning udført forud for Det Forenede Kongeriges udtræden af Den Europæiske Union den 31. januar 2020 og offentliggjort efterfølgende kan omfatte data vedrørende de 28 EU-medlemsstater. Efter denne dato tager forskningen kun højde for de 27 EU-medlemsstater (EU-28 minus Det Forenede Kongerige), medmindre andet anføres.

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