Publications

Search results: 964 items found
  • Article
    11 december 2006

    In early October 2006, the Confederation of Christian Trade Unions
    (Confédération des Syndicats Chrétiens/Algemeen Christelijk Vakverbond,
    CSC [1]/ACV [2]) published its annual statistics. CSC/ACV brings together
    more than 1.6 million affiliate members and plays an important role in the
    Belgian social dialogue system. The confederation’s annual statistics
    publication was used as a working paper in preparation for CSC/ACV’s
    thirty-third statutory congress, held on 19–21 October 2006 in the
    northwest port city of Ostend, bringing together over 1,000 people.

    [1] http://www.csc-en-ligne.be/
    [2] http://www.acv-online.be/

  • Article
    11 december 2006

    Employer representatives, trade unions and government ministers met to
    discuss the concept of flexicurity [1] at the October 2006 informal
    tripartite social summit, held in Lahti in the south of Finland. This
    followed a request in March 2006 by the European Council that key labour
    market actors should make progress on flexicurity. A central aim of the
    summit was to make a major contribution to the European Commission’s
    communication on flexicurity, which is due to be presented at the spring
    European Council in 2007.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/flexicurity

  • Article
    11 december 2006

    At the beginning of September 2006, the government approved a new statute for
    the army. A cornerstone of this agreement is the introduction of a new system
    aimed at promoting a mixed career path for military personnel. In the same
    month, the Ministry of Defence [1] reached a final agreement with the trade
    unions on the implementation details and on some of the transitional measures
    of this new system. After some last-minute fine tuning, three of the four
    trade unions supported the final plan.

    [1] http://www.mil.be/

  • Article
    11 december 2006

    The right to strike [1] is a fundamental trade union right and an
    indispensable element of a democratic society. Nevertheless, this right was
    not legally regulated in Bulgaria until 1990, when, due to pressure from the
    trade unions, the Law on Collective Labour Disputes Settlement was adopted.
    This law recognised for the first time the right to strike. However, it still
    prohibits strike action among workers in the energy supply, communications
    and healthcare sectors. The workers in these sectors only have the right to a
    ‘symbolic strike’.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/right-to-strike

  • Article
    11 december 2006

    Calls for strike action by several specialist doctors’ trade unions this
    summer, along with the call for strike action by the Private Hospital
    Employers’ Association (Fédération de l’Hospitalisation Privée, FHP
    [1]) in mid-September, reflect the growing tensions in French hospitals. A
    particular focus point of the tensions is the way in which medical
    establishments are funded and the level of remuneration for doctors.

    [1] http://www.fhp.fr

  • Article
    11 december 2006

    On 21 September 2006, the German Metalworkers’ Union (Industriegewerkschaft
    Metall, IG Metall [1]) and the employers’ association for the German steel
    industry (Arbeitgeberverband Stahl [2]) agreed on a new package of collective
    agreements, covering some 85,000 employees in the northwestern German steel
    industry of North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony and Bremen. Agreement was
    reached following a series of short warning strikes involving some 19,000
    employees.

    [1] http://www.igmetall.de/cps/rde/xchg/internet
    [2] http://www.agvstahl.de/

  • Article
    11 december 2006

    Bulgaria’s largest employer organisation – the Bulgarian Industrial
    Association (BIA [1]) – has highlighted how the low qualification levels
    among workers constitutes one of the most severe problems facing the
    Bulgarian economy, particularly in light of the fact that this situation
    appears to have worsened over the years. Moreover, surveys reveal that demand
    greatly exceeds supply not only of blue-collar workers – for example,
    turners, millers, welders and builders – but also of managerial level
    employees.

    [1] http://www.bia-bg.com/?lang=en

  • Article
    11 december 2006

    While international comparisons in the mid 1990s classified Germany in the
    group of countries with a low level of wage dispersion, the European
    Commission’s 2004 employment report (742Kb, PDF) [1] shows the proportion
    of low-wage jobs in Germany to be above the EU average. Opportunities for
    low-wage workers to obtain a better paid job are also shown to be below the
    EU average.

    [1] http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/employment_analysis/eie/eie2004_chap4_en.pdf

  • Article
    11 december 2006

    In late 2005, the Lithuanian Free Market Institute (Lietuvos laisvosios
    rinkos institutas, LLRI [1]) carried out a ‘Survey of employees’
    attitudes [2]’ focusing on the views of employees towards a variety of
    issues concerning employment relations. The research aimed to determine how
    employees evaluated relations with employers, the regulation of working time
    and remuneration levels for extra hours worked outside the legal weekly
    working hours. It also looked at the attitudes of workers towards breaches of
    labour law in Lithuania. Results of the study were presented in March 2006.

    [1] http://www.lrinka.lt/
    [2] http://www.lrinka.lt/index.php/research/survey_of_employees_attitudes/3343

  • Article
    11 december 2006

    To combine work and family life represents a highly complex task for families
    with young children, in particular for working parents with children below
    school age. Working parents face challenges in relation to their work, such
    as forced part-time work [1], shift and weekend work, as well as in relation
    to the cost of childcare [2]. In addition, opening hours of childcare
    facilities for young children also influence the type of childcare chosen by
    working parents.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/part-time-work
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/industrial-relations-dictionary/childcare