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  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In April 1991, German employers stated their support for European
    integration, the single market, and a reasonable social dimension. Following
    the June 1997 Amsterdam summit and the related Treaty changes (EU9707135F
    [1]) as well as in face of the coming Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), the
    Confederation of German Employers' Associations (Bundesvereinigung der
    Deutschen Arbeitgeberverbände, BDA) published its current positions
    regarding European social policy in spring 1998 ("EuropäischeSozialpolitik -
    Die Perspektive der Arbeitgeber, BDA, Cologne (1998)). This feature
    summarises the BDA statement.


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 17 April 1998, the blue-collar Municipal Workers' Union (Svenska
    Kommunalarbetareförbundet, Kommunal) signed collective agreements with the
    Association of Local Authorities (Kommunförbundet), the Federation of County
    Councils (Landstingsförbundet) and the Association of the Parishes within
    the Church of Sweden (Svenska Kyrkans Församlings- och Pastoratsförbund),
    regulating pay and working conditions for around 420,000 employees in county
    councils, municipalities and parishes. Average monthly pay will rise from SEK
    13,606 in 1998 to SEK 14,898 in 2000, or by 9.5% expressed as a percentage.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Findings from a recent national workplace survey of workplace change in
    Ireland stand in stark contrast to popular claims of the widespread diffusion
    of new working practices and initiatives which facilitate employee
    "empowerment". The findings suggest that new work structures are very much a
    minority practice in Irish companies. In comparison to other European
    countries, Ireland lags some way behind and, as a consequence, many Irish
    companies are not reaping the economic benefits which accompany the
    introduction of these new initiatives.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    At the special Jobs Summit [1] in Luxembourg in November 1997 (EU9711168F
    [2]), EU Member States agreed to a set of Employment Guidelines [3] designed
    to provide a framework for national action under four main headings -
    employability, adaptability, entrepreneurship and equal opportunities.
    National governments were asked to draw up National Action Plans (NAP s) on
    employment by 15 April 1998, and to give the social partners the opportunity
    to make a specific input into the Plan on those aspects of the
    "employability" and "adaptability" guidelines which give them a direct role.
    National governments were also expected to consult the social partners about
    the Plan as a whole and make appropriate arrangements for their views to be
    incorporated. Member States' NAPs will be considered by the Cardiff European
    Council meeting in June 1998.


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In May 1998, the regional Government and the main Catalan employers'
    organisations and trade unions signed the /Pact for employment in Catalonia./
    This is the first employment pact at regional level that has been signed
    following the November 1997 EU Employment Summit, and the first of its kind
    ever reached in Catalonia.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    On 14 May 1998, the bargaining parties in the banking sector finalised a new
    collective agreement for the period 1998-2000. The agreement was concluded
    between the Finance Sector Union of Norway (Finansforbundet), which is
    affiliated to the Confederation of Vocational Unions (Yrkesorganisasjonenes
    Sentralforbund, YS), and the Norwegian Bank Employers' Association (Bankenes
    Arbeidsgiverforening, BAF). The new agreement awards a general pay increase
    of 4.1%, and no employee will receive an increase of less than NOK 10,000 per
    year. In addition, there will be local pay increases at company level.
    Approximately 20,000 people are covered by the banking sector agreement .

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    International organisations vary in their estimates of the numbers involved
    in child labour worldwide. The World Bank reckons that there are some 250
    million children aged five to 14 who have to work, while the International
    Labour Organisation (ILO) calculates the number of working children as being
    close to 120 million. Whatever the exact figures, more than 100 countries are
    currently preparing a proposed new ILO Convention and Recommendation [1] on
    child labour which should be concluded at its 1999 Conference.


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Following numerous debates, France's National Assembly made the decision in
    April 1998 to allow unemployed associations to take part in new local liaison
    committees attached to the agencies for training and placement of unemployed
    people. However, the Assembly did not approve an amendment which provided for
    representation of unemployed people within the UNEDIC unemployment insurance

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In May 1998, an "agreement on the maintenance of the production location and
    employment" (Standort- und Becshäftigungssicherungsvertrag) was concluded at
    the pharmaceuticals producer, Hoechst Marion Roussel (HMR) Germany. The deal
    was signed by the company, its group works council, the mining chemical, and
    energy workers' trade union IG BCE (IG Bergbau, Chemie, Energie), the
    salaried employees' trade union (Deutsche Angestelltengewerkschaft, DAG), the
    association of salaried academics and managers in the chemical industries
    (Verband angestellter Akademiker und leitender Angestellter in der chemischen
    Industrie, VAA), and the Hessen chemical employers' association.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2020. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications