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  • CAR
    27 januar 1998

    /The December 1995 framework agreement on parental leave was the first such
    accord between the EU-level social partners, and was given legal force by a
    Council Directive in June 1996. This comparative study: outlines current
    parental leave provisions in the Member States (plus Norway); examines the
    perceptions of the framework agreement/Directive and the changes it requires
    in national provisions; and assesses the practical impact of current parental
    leave provisions and the likely effect of the agreement/Directive./

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Federation of Transport Workers' Unions in the European Union (FST) and
    theEuropean Community Shipowners' Association (ECSA) agreed a joint text on
    working time and time off aboard ship in December 1997. The approximately
    128,000 EU nationals and 26,000 non-EU nationals employed in the maritime
    sector are among the workers excluded from the provisions of the EU Directive
    (93/104/EC) on certain aspects of the organisation of working time.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In 1997 the average number of unemployed people in Germany was around 4.4
    million, which marked a sharp increase of more than 400,000 on the previous
    year. The average rate of unemployment was 11.4% in 1997, compared with 10.4%
    in 1996. Although the German economy is expected to recover in 1998, most
    economic experts in Germany think that this will have only small effects on
    the labour market.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    At the beginning of January 1998, Jaguar, part of the US-based Ford motor
    manufacturing group, announced that it is to produce a new smaller luxury
    sports car to compete with the BMW 3 series and the Mercedes class 3.
    Jaguar's chair and chief executive, Nick Scheele said that :"our preference,
    naturally was to build the car in the UK and I regret that we are not able to
    produce an affordable investment proposition to make the new car at our
    plants in the West Midlands but I am pleased that we will be going to

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The average wage growth in 1997 for Norwegian wage earners is estimated to
    have been 4.25%, according to statistics compiled as a basis for the 1998
    bargaining round. For the first time, wage growth for top management within
    the private sector has also been estimated, and it is indicated that top
    managers have had higher than average wage growth.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    /EIROnline/ is a database on industrial relations in Europe which can be
    accessed directly through a website on the Worldwide Web. Speaking at the
    launch event held in Brussels on 22 January 1998, Pádraig Flynn, the member
    of the European Commission responsible for employment, social affairs and
    industrial relations said that: "I am convinced that EIROnline will be an
    invaluable resource for social partners, governments and EU institutions, not
    to mention all EU citizens with an interest in industrial relations." Mr
    Flynn added that "in today's ever more integrated European economy, where
    employment is the number one priority, industrial relations are increasingly
    important and practitioners and policy-makers need to keep up with
    developments in this field in all the countries of the Union. EIROnline goes
    a long way towards meeting these needs."

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Bargaining over equal opportunities has been a central element in the 1998
    round of negotiations in the Portuguese footwear industry. Even though equal
    rights and, above all, equal pay are guaranteed by law and collective
    bargaining, inequality continues because of structural and cultural factors.
    Positive actions taken by workers and trade unions have centred around
    structuring careers and overcoming cultural barriers.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In December 1997, management and trade unions signed a major agreement on the
    reorganisation of Barilla - Italy's largest food group - and on investments
    and new jobs.


  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in two rounds – in April and in July 2020. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

Forthcoming publications