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  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Long-running disputes in the governing bodies of the FEP brought the union
    organisation to a standstill in March 1998 and have led to the formation of a
    new confederation for white-collar workers in Luxembourg's private sector.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    The Spanish government, in drawing up its National Action Plan for employment
    in response to the EU employment guidelines, for submission to the June 1998
    Cardiff summit, has given priority to active employment policies supported by
    training and local activity. However, the trade unions have severely
    criticised the Plan and are organising protests against it.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    STTK, Finland's white-collar workers' trade union confederation, proposed in
    May 1998 that a "Finnish model" for reducing working time should be created
    before 2000. Other union organisations have greeted this idea with

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    A 1997 Act establishing the equality of women and men with respect to night
    work came into force in Belgium in April 1998. Trade unions do not approve of
    this law on the grounds that it removes the power of decision over permitting
    night work from sectoral joint committees, and abolishes the voluntary nature
    of night work. However, in the name of promoting equal opportunities, a
    further step has now been taken towards "normalising" a practice that had
    been meant to remain exceptional under Belgian law.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Personnel leasing/secondment (personaluthyrning) is the Swedish term for the
    situation whereby persons under an employment contract with one firm are
    leased to work in another firm. It covers arrangements known variously as
    hiring-out of labour or temporary agency work in other countries. The
    practice was deregulated in Sweden in 1991. In 1993, the
    conservative-liberal-centre Government of the day repealed the requirement
    that such firms had to have a licence in order to operate.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    A May 1998 report drawn up on the orders of the Minister for National
    Education proposes a shake-up in the organisation of higher education in
    France. Reaction from the trade unions is divided.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Viessmann, a family-owned heating equipment business which employs roughly
    6,500 employees, is a member of the Hessen regional metalworking employers'
    association, Verband der Metall- und Elektro-unternehmen Hessen eV. After 450
    employees were made redundant in 1995, Viessmann did not plan further
    workforce reductions. However, management discussed the production of a new
    product line in the Czech Republic. According to the company, the proposal to
    produce the new line abroad was mainly due to cost advantages in production.
    In comparison with the Czech Republic, production costs in Germany would not
    have allowed for production at competitive prices.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    Attempts at mediation in bargaining over a new collective agreement in the
    transport sector broke down in May 1998, and 5,700 workers had gone on strike
    by 22 May. The strikes involve those covered by the collective agreements for
    scheduled bus transport, long-distance freight transport by road, and bus
    drivers employed by Norwegian Railways (NSB). The conflict will be stepped up
    incrementally until 6 June 1998 unless a new agreement is reached.

  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    The Tanaiste (Deputy Prime Minister), unveiled Ireland's National Action Plan
    [1] on employment on 20 April 1998. All the EU Member States have drawn up
    such National Action Plans (NAP s) in line with the Employment Guidelines [2]
    which arose from the special Employment Summit [3] in Luxembourg in November
    1997 (EU9711168F [4]). The Guidelines set out a a framework for national
    action under the four "pillars" of employability, adaptability,
    entrepreneurship and equal opportunities. The NAPs were to be considered at
    the Cardiff European Council meeting in June 1998.


  • Article
    27 maj 1998

    In a speech delivered to the Confederation of British Industry (CBI) in April
    1998, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Gordon Brown, cited latest figures
    showing that the UK has a "productivity gap" of 20%-30% with France and
    Germany and of 40% with the USA. Although there are British "success stories"
    (such as chemicals and paper/printing) and although the productivity gap has
    been steadily reduced, it still remains significant and the productivity of
    UK manufacturing trails behind that achieved elsewhere, almost regardless of
    sector. The Chancellor argued that "it is time to develop a sense of national
    purpose, to agree a long-term direction for Britain." He went on to say that
    the Government promises to do everything it can to create the conditions in
    which business can succeed, including major structural reforms of the UK
    product, capital and labour markets. In terms of the labour market, the
    Government's reform would include not just employment policy, but also
    welfare, education, taxation and social security policy.


  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications