Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    According to a February 1998 public opinion poll by the Gallup institute, 45%
    of respondents do not believe that the European Union (EU) has improved
    health and safety in Denmark or wil do so. However, an analysis conducted by
    the Confederation of Danish Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    indicates that this mistrust is unfounded: 37 Directives - out of a total of
    72 relevant Directives since 1990 - have improved health and safety rules in
    Denmark. Only six Directives have had negative implications for the Danish
    rules in this area. LO believes that future EU health and safety legislation
    passed under the new Amsterdam Treaty [1] (EU9707135F [2]) will be minimum
    Directives, which will make it easier for Member States, if necessary, to
    maintain national rules, which may provide for a higher level of protection.
    According to LO, EU regulation in this area is important if Danish jobs are
    to be protected against "social dumping" and competition in the area of
    health and safety.


  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    Luxembourg's tripartite committee on employment met twice in February 1998
    and has arranged a further six meetings for March to draw up a national
    action plan under the process agreed at the November 1997 European Union Jobs

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    In March 1998, the French-owned textiles group, Pennel et Flipo, was required
    by a Belgian Labour Court to pay BEF 20 million to the workers it had
    dismissed in 1994 when it closed down its production unit in Belgium. The
    Court found that the closure had amounted to a transfer of production to its
    parent company in France, and that redundancy procedures had not been

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    In March 1998, Martine Aubry, France's Minister for Employment and Solidarity
    presented a three-year, FRF 50 billion plan to prevent and combat social
    exclusion. The measures include the introduction of a universal healthcare
    coverage scheme, which will require consultation of the social partners. The
    plan has met with a mixed reaction from trade unions and other interested

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    On 17 March 1998 the metalworking employers' associations in the eastern
    German federal states of of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia founded a new
    employers' association known as Ostmetall. All three member associations
    remain independent, but for the future it is planned that the three will
    merge into Ostmetall. The new association is part of the national
    metalworking employers' association, Gesamtmetall.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    According to a study conducted by Statistics Sweden (SCB) in spring 1997,
    around 250,000 employees, or around 7% of the employed workforce, have agreed
    with their employers to work partly at home on a regular basis. Telework is
    more frequent among municipal employees (13%) and those employed by the state
    (8%) than among private employees (5%).

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    A new collective agreement signed in March 1998 at Citroën Hispania's in
    Spain establishes a voluntary increase of 74 working hours a year. The
    agreement was signed exclusively by the company union, which holds the
    majority on the workers' committee. The other unions (CC.OO, UGT and CIGA)
    rejected it.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications