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  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    Parallel to employment-centred equal opportunities measures laid down in
    Austria's national action plan on employment (AT9803172F [1]) - drawn up in
    response to the November 1997 EU Jobs Summit initiative - is a series of
    further initiatives being taken by the Government to remedy obvious
    inequalities. These are meant to address primarily the widening income gap
    between men and women (AT9710136N [2]). Perhaps the most important is an
    amendment to the Constitution permitting measures and policies that improve
    equal opportunities for women. The wording is as follows: "Federal,
    provincial and local government is committed to the equality of men and
    women. Measures towards the equalisation of opportunities for women and men,
    especially through the removal of existing inequalities, are permissible."

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-working-conditions/equal-opportunities-measures-cause-controversy
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/male-female-wage-gap-widens

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    The Belgian system of education is highly complicated. However, first and
    foremost, since the federalisation of Belgium, the organisation of education
    has been a regionalised matter - in other words, Flanders and Wallonia
    control their own education budgets and are responsible for its operation.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    On 24 March 1998, the Italian Government approved the bill on the reduction
    of the statutory working week from 40 to 35 hours, starting from 1 January
    2001 in enterprises with more than 15 employees.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    In February 1998, the Spanish Government decided to reduce health expenditure
    by substantially cutting the list of drugs subsidised by the social security
    system, in order to reduce the public deficit. The trade unions and many
    interest groups have protested, claiming that the measure affects mainly the
    lower income brackets.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    The Maastricht and Amsterdam Treaties strengthened the role of intersectoral
    and sectoral social partner organisations in the European decision-making
    process. While the outcomes of intersectoral discussions between the Union of
    Industrial and Employers' Confederations of Europe (UNICE), the European
    Centre of Enterprises with Public Participation and of Enterprises of General
    Economic Interest (CEEP) and the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)
    are widely reported, the processes, participants and outcomes of the sectoral
    social dialogue process are less well known. This EIRO record - which focuses
    on the sectoral social dialogue in the public services - is the first in a
    new series outlining the actors involved in, and the outcomes of, a process
    which is gaining increasing momentum and importance at the European level.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    Despite publishing a joint statement in December 1997 on the issue of trade
    union recognition, identifying areas of both agreement and disagreement
    (UK9801194F [1]), the Trades Union Congress (TUC) and the Confederation of
    British Industry (CBI) have since increasingly concentrated on the issues
    where they disagree (UK9802105N [2]). As the reality of the Government's
    White Paper on "fairness at work", which will deal with the recognition
    issue, draws nearer both unions and employers fear that the Government will
    favour one side's position over the other.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/union-recognition-uk-social-partners-reach-partial-agreement
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/social-partners-deadlocked-over-union-recognition

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    In February 1998, both the Christian Democrats and the left-wing Groenlinks
    party formulated new legislative proposals to give employees a right to work
    part time. The latter party's initial bill on this issue had been blocked by
    the Christian Democrats in late 1997.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    Since 1 January 1998, the law has permitted collective agreements to make
    exceptions from the general ban on the night-time employment of women
    (AT9802163F [1]), though gender-neutral regulations will have to be enacted
    by 1 January 2001. On 16 March 1998, the Union of Metals, Mining and Energy
    Workers (Gewerkschaft Metall-Bergbau-Energie, GMBE) and the Federal
    Industrial Section of the Austrian Chamber of the Economy (Wirtschaftskammer
    Österreich, WKÖ) concluded such a collective agreement for manual workers
    in industrial enterprises in the metalworking sector. The following points
    were agreed:

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/working-conditions-undefined-industrial-relations/decentralised-regulation-of-womens-night-work

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications