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  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    In early March 1998, a working group from the Institute of Labour of the
    Greek General Confederation of Labour (INE-GSEE) submitted to the GSEE a
    report containing proposals on the independence of trade unions from state
    intervention. The GSEE executive will examine the report, which is of a
    purely advisory nature, and decide whether or not to adopt any of its
    proposals.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    The EU Council Directive on the establishment of a European Works Council or
    a procedure in Community-scale undertakings and Community-scale groups of
    undertakings for the purposes of informing and consulting employees [1]
    (94/45/EC) was adopted on 22 September 1994 and came into force two years
    later. For an outline of the Directive's history and content, as well as
    progress in national implementation legislation in the Member States, see
    EU9708142F [2]. Here we examine the findings of a new report which looks at
    the nature and experiences of "Article 13" EWC agreements. The Directive
    stipulates in Article 13 that multinational companies and groups with
    pre-emptive agreements concluded prior to the implementation deadline of 22
    September 1996, are effectively exempt from the provisions of the Directive,
    as long as the agreement covers the entire workforce and provides for
    transnational information and consultation. In their transposition measures,
    some Member States have ensured that Article 13 agreements are bound by
    further commitments under national law - for example, under a French
    ministerial instruction, agreements must be negotiated and signed by a trade
    union. Article 13 agreements are voluntary, while post-September 1996
    agreements governed by the procedures of the Directive's Articles 5 and 6
    must be negotiated by a special negotiating body (SNB) and must cover certain
    issues.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=en&numdoc=31994L0045&model=guichett
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/european-works-councils-update-one-year-after-the-transposition-deadline

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    On 19 March 1998, The Transport and General Workers Union (TGWU), one of UK's
    main trade unions in the motor manufacturing industry, warned that the
    long-term future of the Vauxhall (General Motors) plant in Luton (south-east
    Midlands), which employs about 4,500 workers, could be at risk. The TGWU
    national secretary for the industry, Tony Woodley, stated that: "The company
    has informed that there is a threat to the long-term future of the Luton
    plant. Most other European plants owned by General Motors have had the
    allocation of new models confirmed but as things stand there is no product
    earmarked to replace the Vectra at Luton."

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    In February 1998, a legislative proposal to amend the Working Conditions Act
    was submitted to the Upper (Second) Chamber of the Dutch Parliament. The
    Government aims to ensure that the implementation of its policy on working
    conditions is carried out at company level as far as possible.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    On 27 March 1998, Austria's national social partners announced a compromise
    on a package of measures to absorb into the labour market young people
    leaving school in 1998. This forms part of the national action plan on
    employment drawn up in response to the November 1997 EU Jobs Summit
    initiative (AT9802164F [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/austria-draws-up-national-action-plan-on-employment

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    Finnish banks experienced a severe crisis of profitability during the
    recession at the beginning of the 1990s. In 1997, the number of employees had
    been cut by half compared with the peak in the late 1980s, and the cuts are
    continuing in early 1998 at the same time as "internationalisation" is
    proceeding.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    A dispute by 39 baggage handlers at the Ryanair independent airline,
    agitating for trade union recognition (IE9802141F [1]), escalated into a
    major national crisis over the weekend of 7-8 March 1998. Thousands of
    members of the SIPTU trade union in the public sector refused to pass
    official pickets, leading to the virtual shutdown of Dublin Airport.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-industrial-relations/union-recognition-report-advocates-voluntary-procedures

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    The latest data available on the membership of Italy's main three trade union
    confederations show a slight increase in 1995 and 1996, after a period of
    decrease. This positive trend, however, is due to enrolments of retired
    workers, while membership among active workers is still diminishing, though
    at a slower rate than in recent years.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    Total membership of the largest German trade union confederation, the German
    Federation of Trade Unions (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB), stood at 8.6
    million on 31 December 1997, a fall of 350,000 (or 3.9%) since 31 December
    1996. Table 1 below provides details of changes in membership levels of the
    13 DGB-affiliated industry unions since 1989. The 13 unions are:

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    The 29th congress of Greece's GSEE trade union confederation concluded in
    March 1998 with the election of a new 45-member administrative board. As well
    as issues such as development, employment, incomes and social protection, the
    congress discussed the devaluation of the drachma - a move which has also
    brought reactions from other social partner organisations.

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications