Publications

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  • Report summary
    16 marts 1998

    This summary is based on an analysis of findings of the second European survey on working conditions conducted in 1996. The survey findings show that stress and musculo-skeletal disorders are the main health risks at work and highlights the need for a holistic and multi-disciplinary approach to the prevention of occupational risks in Europe.

  • Report summary
    3 marts 1998

    The second European survey on working conditions (1996) shows the increase in the intensity of work. At the same time, workers' control over their work remains low. These two trends may explain why one-third of workers report stress. This report provides policy makers with information on stress factors in the workplace and therefore ways of preventing stress.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Here we highlight two cases of company-level negotiations in Portugal over
    working hours and revision of wages. There is a relative lack of knowledge in
    Portugal about the scope and content of such informal, company-level
    collective bargaining, and of the significance of this type of bargaining for
    the country's industrial relations.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 20 January 1998, the company works council (Gesamtbetriebsrat) and the
    executive board of Adam Opel AG- the German subsidiary company of the General
    Motors Corporation (GM) - signed a new works agreement on future investments,
    safeguarding employment and reduction of labour costs. After more than 10
    months of negotiations, this so-called "site pact" (Standortvertrag) was
    concluded for the more than 44,000 employees at the three west German Opel
    production sites at Rüsselsheim, Kaiserslautern and Bochum. In the pact,
    Opel management commits itself to making new investments to secure the
    existing German production sites until the end of 2001 and promises,
    furthermore, that no redundancies on economic grounds (betriebsbedingte
    Kündigungen) will be made until the end of 2002. In exchange, the company
    works council agreed to further cuts in the company's "payments above
    contract wages" (übertarifliche Leistungen).

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In December 1997, the Trades Union Congress (TUC) and the Confederation of
    British Industry (CBI) agreed a joint statement identifying the key areas of
    agreement and disagreement between them on the statutory trade union
    recognition rules that the Government is committed to introducing (UK9801194F
    [1]). However, February 1998 saw a full-scale disagreement break out between
    the social partners over how the Labour Party's pre-election manifesto
    commitment to legislate on recognition should be interpreted (UK9704125F
    [2]). The argument centres around the wording in the manifesto, which states
    that unions should be recognised "where a majority of the relevant workforce
    vote in a ballot for the union to represent them".

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/union-recognition-uk-social-partners-reach-partial-agreement
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined-labour-market/the-industrial-relations-consequences-of-the-new-labour-government

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) has expressed concern about a
    proposal issued by the European Commission, which seeks to ensure the free
    movement of goods within the European Union during periods when an industrial
    dispute is taking place in a Member State.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Employers within Norway's state and municipal sector do not want to recognise
    the new trade union confederation for academically-qualified staff,
    Akademikerne, as a bargaining party in the spring 1998 wage settlement.
    Akademikerne believes that it has the right to bargain on behalf of its
    member organisations and has now brought the question to the Labour Court.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In late January 1998, the Dutch social partners reconsidered their jointly
    agreed position to give priority to employees in the use of healthcare
    facilities, soon after reaching it, following opposition from some member
    trade unions of the FNV confederation. The proposal was also rejected,
    following consideration, by the Government. This issue has sparked heated
    debate in political circles and in the healthcare sector.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    According to the latest figures from the Austrian Central Statistical Office,
    in 1997 the minimum pay rates set in collective agreements rose, on average,
    by 1.7% as compared with 2.4% in 1996 (AT9702103N [1]). The minimum pay of
    wage earners grew by 2.4% irrespective of the level of qualification, while:
    that of salary earners also by 2.4%; that of public servants remained the
    same; and that of employees in public transport grew by 0.7%. The index
    (1986=100) for each category stood respectively at 160.1, 156.7, 138.9 and
    147.4. Overall, the index stood at 153.2 as an annual average.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/average-minimum-wage-rates-rise-by-24-in-1996

Series

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications