Publications

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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 3 February 1998, the Association of Finnish Lawyers approved an agreement
    following the guidelines of the new national incomes policy agreement. In
    connection with the reform of the pay system, the VTML employers' body
    promised to pay attention to the special problems of court lawyers and
    associate lawyers.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    A dispute in the Dutch secondary education sector, which had been brewing for
    several months, finally erupted into a national "relay" strike in February
    1998. The teachers' workload is at the heart of the conflict: the trade
    unions demand that the number of teaching hours be reduced, while the
    employers respond that they lack the funds.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    A High-Level Group on the controversial issue of trade union recognition [1]
    has advocated that the problem should be tackled within the context of
    Ireland's voluntary collective bargaining system. If accepted, this would
    mean a mediation role on recognition for the Advisory Service of the Labour
    Relations Commission [2] and a non-binding recommendation from the Labour
    Court [3] if mediation were to fail. As matters currently stand, the Labour
    Court already issues recommendations on issues concerning trade union
    recognition, invariably upholding the right of workers to union
    representation.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/recognised-trade-union
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/labour-relations-commission
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/labour-court-2

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 1 January 1998, responsibility for the National Institute of Employment in
    these regions was transferred to the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Xunta
    of Galicia. This marked the beginning of a new model for the administration
    of employment services in Spain, whose main challenge is the effective
    coordination of the different authorities working in the sphere of job
    placement. Trade unions have objected to some aspects of the transfer in
    Catalonia.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    According to a recent analysis by the Institute for Economics and Social
    Science (Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut, WSI),
    collectively agreed basic wages and salaries in *western Germany* rose on
    average by about 1.4% in 1997. Since the inflation rate was 1.8% in 1997,
    employees had to accept an average decrease in real wages of about 0.4
    percentage points. Furthermore, the 1997 growth in wages and salaries was
    much below the year's "margin of distribution" (Verteilungsspielraum) of 5.2%
    - calculated by adding the 1.8% increase in inflation to a 3.4% increase in
    productivity. Collectively agreed pay increases were thus the result of a
    very moderate wage policy, of which the current trend of not exhausting the
    "margin of distribution" is seen as a continuation. (DE9709232N [1]).

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/collectively-agreed-pay-increases-have-not-exhausted-the-margin-of-distribution

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Since early January 1998, the Greek shipping industry has been facing serious
    problems, with workers mobilising strongly and making numerous demands, while
    at the same time being divided over several issues. A key factor in the
    current difficulties is the ending of the system of "cabotage", whereby the
    country's own ships have a protected market position in Greek coastal
    traffic.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, the debate on dealing with breaches of labour law in
    Portugal, which has been underway for some time, entered its final phase.
    Changes are proposed to the penalties applied for non-compliance with labour
    legislation.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 20 February 1998, representatives of decision-making bodies, businesses,
    trade unions and non -governmental organisations from the USA and the
    European Union met in Brussels to exchange views on codes of conduct aimed at
    safeguarding basic labour standards and protecting human rights. The meeting
    highlighted the recent adoption of such standards in several sectors on both
    sides of the Atlantic. The symposium was part of a wider transatlantic agenda
    of action which aims to promote the development of codes of conduct
    concerning working conditions.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The 12th congress of Italy's Uil trade union confederation was held in
    Bologna on 4-6 February 1998. The key issues under discussion were the
    introduction of the 35-hour working week and union unity.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The firefighters' strike, which had lasted for over three months, ended in
    February 1998 after both parties approved a conciliation proposal from the
    state conciliator. The strike is generally considered not to have achieved
    any special benefits for the strikers.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications