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  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    On 19 March 1998, The Transport and General Workers Union (TGWU), one of UK's
    main trade unions in the motor manufacturing industry, warned that the
    long-term future of the Vauxhall (General Motors) plant in Luton (south-east
    Midlands), which employs about 4,500 workers, could be at risk. The TGWU
    national secretary for the industry, Tony Woodley, stated that: "The company
    has informed that there is a threat to the long-term future of the Luton
    plant. Most other European plants owned by General Motors have had the
    allocation of new models confirmed but as things stand there is no product
    earmarked to replace the Vectra at Luton."

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    In February 1998, a legislative proposal to amend the Working Conditions Act
    was submitted to the Upper (Second) Chamber of the Dutch Parliament. The
    Government aims to ensure that the implementation of its policy on working
    conditions is carried out at company level as far as possible.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    On 27 March 1998, Austria's national social partners announced a compromise
    on a package of measures to absorb into the labour market young people
    leaving school in 1998. This forms part of the national action plan on
    employment drawn up in response to the November 1997 EU Jobs Summit
    initiative (AT9802164F [1]).


  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    Finnish banks experienced a severe crisis of profitability during the
    recession at the beginning of the 1990s. In 1997, the number of employees had
    been cut by half compared with the peak in the late 1980s, and the cuts are
    continuing in early 1998 at the same time as "internationalisation" is

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    A dispute by 39 baggage handlers at the Ryanair independent airline,
    agitating for trade union recognition (IE9802141F [1]), escalated into a
    major national crisis over the weekend of 7-8 March 1998. Thousands of
    members of the SIPTU trade union in the public sector refused to pass
    official pickets, leading to the virtual shutdown of Dublin Airport.


  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    The latest data available on the membership of Italy's main three trade union
    confederations show a slight increase in 1995 and 1996, after a period of
    decrease. This positive trend, however, is due to enrolments of retired
    workers, while membership among active workers is still diminishing, though
    at a slower rate than in recent years.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    After a meeting of the Union of Industrial and Employers' Confederations of
    Europe (UNICE) council of presidents on 11 March 1998, it was announced by
    François Perigot, the organisation's president, that UNICE will not at the
    present time embark on negotiations with the European Trade Union
    Confederation (ETUC) on information and consultation of employees at national
    level. The announcement followed the second round of consultations of the
    European-level social partners by the European Commission, under the
    Maastricht Treaty's social policy Agreement [1], on the content of possible
    EU legislation on this issue (EU9711160N [2]). It is at this second stage of
    the consultation procedure that the social partners may opt to seek to
    negotiate an agreement on the issue at question, rather than awaiting a
    Commission proposal for legislation.


  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    Total membership of the largest German trade union confederation, the German
    Federation of Trade Unions (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund, DGB), stood at 8.6
    million on 31 December 1997, a fall of 350,000 (or 3.9%) since 31 December
    1996. Table 1 below provides details of changes in membership levels of the
    13 DGB-affiliated industry unions since 1989. The 13 unions are:

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    The 29th congress of Greece's GSEE trade union confederation concluded in
    March 1998 with the election of a new 45-member administrative board. As well
    as issues such as development, employment, incomes and social protection, the
    congress discussed the devaluation of the drachma - a move which has also
    brought reactions from other social partner organisations.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    In the 1998 Dutch collective bargaining round, progress has been difficult in
    some companies over employers's wishes for separate contracts for specific
    categories of employee - which trade unions believe will increase working
    hours - and for flexible pay schemes.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications