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  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    On the brink of a conflict and after 41 hours of non-stop negotiations, the
    Confederation of Danish Industries (Dansk Industri, DI) and the Central
    Organisation of Industrial Employees in Denmark (Centralorganisationen af
    Industriansatte i Danmark, CO-industri) reached a compromise over a
    collective agreement for the industry sector on 22 March 1998 (DK9801147F
    [1]). The new two-year agreement succeeds a three-year deal concluded in


  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    The number of working days lost in industrial disputes in Ireland continues
    to decline, with the figure for 1997 - at almost 75,000 - over 38,000 below
    the average so far this decade and more than 40,000 below the 1996 figure.
    The number of workers involved in disputes declined even more dramatically,
    according to figures released by the Government-run Central Statistics Office
    (CSO). CSO figures put the number involved in disputes in 1998 at 5,364,
    compared with 13,339 in 1996.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    In February 1998, the ABI employers' association and the trade unions signed
    an agreement that lays the basis for a profound restructuring of the Italian
    banking sector. The innovative aspects of the agreement concern the reduction
    of labour costs, the creation of a redundancy fund, the reform of pay scales
    and the bargaining system, and the introduction of greater flexibility in
    employment relations.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    The UK EU Presidency of the first half of 1998 has issued a proposal aimed at
    breaking the 25-year deadlock on European Commission proposals for the
    establishment of a European Company Statute. The Statute would enable
    European multinational undertakings to operate under rules governed by EU
    company law, rather than a diverse set of different regulations in different
    Member States. It is also envisaged that such companies should benefit from a
    special tax status, thus increasing their competitiveness in the world
    market. Although the fine details of the status of such a structure in
    company law are yet to be ironed out, most of the controversy which has
    stalled this proposal has centred around the issue of worker involvement in
    such a new structure. In 1996, a high-level expert group was set up by the
    Commission with the aim of developing solutions to this problem which would
    assist in breaking the deadlock, particularly in respect of those countries
    which feared that such legislation would undermine strong national
    involvement rights, as well as objections from those countries which
    currently have no legal mechanisms for ensuring employee involvement.

  • Article
    27 marts 1998

    Non-wage labour costs are those elements of the enterprise's total labour
    costs which are other than direct compensation (DE9705111F [1]). The Institut
    der deutschen Wirtschaft (IW) has recently published its annual analysis of
    non-wage labour costs, based on official statistics from the Federal
    Statistical Office, which conducts surveys on labour costs every four years.
    The IW trend extrapolation is based on long-term trends, data from the
    institutions of the social insurance system, and the annual analysis of
    collective agreements by the Federal Ministry for Labour and Social Affairs.
    The official statistics distinguish between compensation for hours actually
    worked and non-wage labour costs. Non-wage labour costs are differentiated
    into pay for days not worked, special payments, statutory social welfare
    costs and other non-wage labour costs.


  • Report summary
    16 marts 1998

    This document summarises the findings of the second European survey on working conditions with regard to gender differences in the workplace. With these reports the Foundation hopes to provide policy makers with a better understanding of the problems to overcome in order to promote gender sensitive workplaces.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications

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