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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, it was announced that the Government is to draw up a
    voluntary code on combating age discrimination in recruitment. The statement
    came as the charity, Age Concern, launched an "Age discrimination awareness
    campaign". A survey conducted for Age Concern estimates that more than 18
    million adults have experienced age discrimination in employment, health or
    welfare. The study found that 70% of the population believe age
    discrimination exists, while only half of those who reported it were aged
    over 45, showing that it is a problem that affects most ages.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The Federation of Transport Workers' Unions in the European Union (FST) and
    theEuropean Community Shipowners' Association (ECSA) agreed a joint text on
    working time and time off aboard ship in December 1997. The approximately
    128,000 EU nationals and 26,000 non-EU nationals employed in the maritime
    sector are among the workers excluded from the provisions of the EU Directive
    (93/104/EC) on certain aspects of the organisation of working time.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Following the breakdown of talks with employers' representatives,
    Luxembourg's two main trade unions approached the Government in January 1998
    and set out their proposals for transposing the EU Directive on parental
    leave.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    At the end of January 1998, German unemployment reached a new post-war record
    high, with more than 4.8 million people registered as unemployed. The
    announcement of the latest unemployment figures on 5 February was accompanied
    by nationwide protests of unemployed people all over Germany. The protests
    were organised by independent organisations of jobless people, self-help
    groups and trade unions' jobless committees and groups. The unions played an
    important role in coordinating, organising and supporting the protests.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The Swedish Industrial Union (Industrifacket), which organises workers in the
    leather and the clothing industries, campaigns actively against child labour.
    In 1996 it drew the attention of the Swedish president of the European
    football organisation, UEFA, to the fact that the footballs used in major
    tournaments are manufactured by small children in Pakistan. The UEFA
    president, Lennart Johansson, answered that he and the other representatives
    of the sport shared the union's view on child labour. Mr Johansson in turn
    took up the matter with the international football organisation, FIFA, and in
    September the same year FIFA made an agreement with three international trade
    union confederations not to order footballs manufactured by children. As a
    result, the world's leading sports-equipment companies decided to invest in
    projects to abolish child labour in Pakistani football factories.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In August 1997 the authorities rejected a bid made by a group of activists
    from the Austrian Freedom Party (Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs, FPÖ) to
    form an association called the Austrian Free Trade Union (Freie Gewerkschaft
    Österreichs, FGÖ) (AT9705113N [1]). They argued that its proposed name
    might give rise to confusion with a social democrat organisation, the
    Austrian Federation of Free Trade Unions (Österreichischer Bund freier
    Gewerkschaften, ÖBFG). The ÖBFG is dormant but social democrat trade
    unionists have kept the name alive in order to have something to fall back on
    in case the Austrian Trade Union Federation (Österreichischer
    Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB), the sole formal trade union existing in Austria,
    should ever disband.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/non-gb-union-to-be-created

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Belgium proudly boasts one of the oldest consumer prices indices in the
    world. Since the First World War, the government has carefully monitored how
    much Belgians spend on their daily consumption needs. What started as a
    rather rough indicator in 1914 has developed over the years into a refined
    instrument for measuring the price increases of different consumer products
    and the inflation rate.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    At its general council meeting on 10 February 1998, the LO trade union
    confederation voted in favour of industry-level settlements in the spring
    1998 bargaining round in Norway's private sector. In addition, LO wants to
    bargain with the NHO employers' confederation over the principles which are
    to apply to the forthcoming reform of further education and training. LO
    would like to see these negotiations finalised before the sectoral bargaining
    commences, but NHO has rejected such talks.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 3 February 1998, France's AFB banking employers' organisation gave notice
    of termination of the collective agreement which has regulated the banking
    sector since 1947. Negotiations on updating this agreement have been
    unsuccessful, and representatives of employers and staff now have until 1
    January 2000 to agree a new package.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications