Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Following the recent demonstrations by unemployed groups, the French Prime
    Minister, Lionel Jospin, announced in February 1998 the main measures that
    the Government will be implementing to assist those most affected by

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The revised Basic Agreement between Norway's LO trade union confederation and
    NHO employers' organisation was approved in February 1998. The attempt to
    extend the agreement's new provisions on the minimum level of members
    required for a union to enter into a collective agreement to other basic
    agreements, has led to complications in the negotiations between NHO and the
    YS vocational union confederation.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 11 June 1997 Parliament instructed the Ministry of Labour, Health and
    Social Affairs (Bundesministerium für Arbeit, Gesundheit und Soziales,
    BMAGS) to devise, by the end of the year, amendments to the Works
    Constitution Act (Arbeitsverfassungsgesetz, ArbVG) that would remove
    citizenship as a criterion for eligibility in works council elections. A
    similar amendment was demanded for the Chamber of Labour Act
    (Arbeiterkammergesetz, AKG) (AT9706121N [1]). One week late, on 8 January
    1998, the Ministry circulated draft amendments to the AKG for review by the
    social partners, other ministries, and provincial governments. In the
    covering letter, the Ministry asked for comments not only on the Chamber of
    Labour Act but also on similar proposed changes to the ArbVG. The review
    period ended on 9 February 1998 but some organisations were still working on
    their response by the end of the month, one of them being the Austrian Trade
    Union Federation (Österreichischer Gewerkschaftsbund, ÖGB).


  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Here we highlight two cases of company-level negotiations in Portugal over
    working hours and revision of wages. There is a relative lack of knowledge in
    Portugal about the scope and content of such informal, company-level
    collective bargaining, and of the significance of this type of bargaining for
    the country's industrial relations.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 20 January 1998, the company works council (Gesamtbetriebsrat) and the
    executive board of Adam Opel AG- the German subsidiary company of the General
    Motors Corporation (GM) - signed a new works agreement on future investments,
    safeguarding employment and reduction of labour costs. After more than 10
    months of negotiations, this so-called "site pact" (Standortvertrag) was
    concluded for the more than 44,000 employees at the three west German Opel
    production sites at Rüsselsheim, Kaiserslautern and Bochum. In the pact,
    Opel management commits itself to making new investments to secure the
    existing German production sites until the end of 2001 and promises,
    furthermore, that no redundancies on economic grounds (betriebsbedingte
    Kündigungen) will be made until the end of 2002. In exchange, the company
    works council agreed to further cuts in the company's "payments above
    contract wages" (übertarifliche Leistungen).

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In December 1997, the Trades Union Congress (TUC) and the Confederation of
    British Industry (CBI) agreed a joint statement identifying the key areas of
    agreement and disagreement between them on the statutory trade union
    recognition rules that the Government is committed to introducing (UK9801194F
    [1]). However, February 1998 saw a full-scale disagreement break out between
    the social partners over how the Labour Party's pre-election manifesto
    commitment to legislate on recognition should be interpreted (UK9704125F
    [2]). The argument centres around the wording in the manifesto, which states
    that unions should be recognised "where a majority of the relevant workforce
    vote in a ballot for the union to represent them".


  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC) has expressed concern about a
    proposal issued by the European Commission, which seeks to ensure the free
    movement of goods within the European Union during periods when an industrial
    dispute is taking place in a Member State.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Public transport employees went on strike in Helsinki on 2-8 February 1998 in
    a dispute arising from the contracting-out of public services. The sector's
    social partners reached an agreement after the confederations - SAK for the
    unions and and TT for the employers - joined in the negotiations. The dispute
    highlights Finnish employees' fear of new procedures and
    "internationalisation" of the labour market.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In late January 1998, the Dutch social partners reconsidered their jointly
    agreed position to give priority to employees in the use of healthcare
    facilities, soon after reaching it, following opposition from some member
    trade unions of the FNV confederation. The proposal was also rejected,
    following consideration, by the Government. This issue has sparked heated
    debate in political circles and in the healthcare sector.


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications