Publications

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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Among the conclusions of the special European Council Employment Summit [1]
    held in Luxembourg in November 1997 (EU9711168F [2]) was a requirement for an
    action plan on employment, based on the European Commission's guidelines, to
    be drawn up in each European Union Member State.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/home.htm
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/employment-summit-agrees-limited-package-of-measures-to-combat-unemployment

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    At the beginning of February 1998, the media reported that the 56-year-old
    managing director of the Stora forestry company, who was about to leave his
    job after six years, would receive a "golden handshake" (or severance
    package) worth SEK 58 million. In the first two years following his
    resignation, he would receive SEK 2.8 million and from the age of 60 a large
    pension. What made the information conspicuous, apart from the large sum, was
    that the managing director was said not to have been dismissed but to have
    left on his own initiative, and that his terms of resignation had been
    renegotiated and improved shortly before he had made his decision.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    While current sectoral agreements in Belgium favour the redistribution of
    work, a variety of companies have been adopting novel approaches to the
    reduction of working time in agreements signed in late 1997 and early 1998.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The last collective agreement on pay in the French civil service was signed
    on 9 November 1993. Five trade unions signed the deal - the French Democratic
    Confederation of Labour (Confédération Française Démocratique du Travail,
    CFDT ), the Federated Education Union (Fédération de l'Education Nationale-
    FEN), the Independent General Confederation of Civil Servants (Fédération
    Générale Autonome des Fonctionnaires, FGAF), the French Christian Workers'
    Confederation (Confédération Française des Travailleurs Chrétiens, CFTC)
    and the General Confederation of Managerial Staff-French Confederation of
    Managerial Staff (Confédération Française de l'Encadrement-
    Confédération Générale des Cadres, CFE-CGC). On the basis of the results
    of workplace-level elections, these five unions together represented the
    majority of civil servants.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Teleworking (fjernarbeidor telependling) is becoming an issue of increasing
    importance on the agenda of the Norwegian social partners. Home-based
    teleworking is the main focus of attention. Although the level of home-based
    telework activity has remained relatively constant in the last 10 years, it
    is expected to increase in the future. The existing statutory provisions, as
    well as collective agreements, are regarded by many as inadequate for this
    type of work, and home-based teleworking in particular seems to be completely
    unregulated. A declaration on teleworking has been incorporated into the new
    Basic Agreement between the Norwegian Confederation of Trade Unions
    (Landsorganisasjonen i Norge, LO) and the Confederation of Norwegian Business
    and Industry (Næringslivets Hovedorganisasjon, NHO), which was formally
    ratified in February 1998. The legal state of affairs in relation to
    teleworking is also undergoing scrutiny, and the likely outcome is amendments
    to the 1977 Working Environment Act.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Owing to the use of "social shock absorbers" to ease the blow of
    redundancies, the restructuring of Italian industry - especially in the 1980s
    - has proceeded without excessive social costs, though with substantial
    economic costs to the state. A reform of these measures is envisaged as part
    of the current reform of the welfare state and broader redefinition of
    employment policies. Moreover, a still unresolved issue is the definition of
    new measures to deal with the employment crisis in the service sector.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, it was announced that the Government is to draw up a
    voluntary code on combating age discrimination in recruitment. The statement
    came as the charity, Age Concern, launched an "Age discrimination awareness
    campaign". A survey conducted for Age Concern estimates that more than 18
    million adults have experienced age discrimination in employment, health or
    welfare. The study found that 70% of the population believe age
    discrimination exists, while only half of those who reported it were aged
    over 45, showing that it is a problem that affects most ages.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    At the end of January 1998, German unemployment reached a new post-war record
    high, with more than 4.8 million people registered as unemployed. The
    announcement of the latest unemployment figures on 5 February was accompanied
    by nationwide protests of unemployed people all over Germany. The protests
    were organised by independent organisations of jobless people, self-help
    groups and trade unions' jobless committees and groups. The unions played an
    important role in coordinating, organising and supporting the protests.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Following the breakdown of talks with employers' representatives,
    Luxembourg's two main trade unions approached the Government in January 1998
    and set out their proposals for transposing the EU Directive on parental
    leave.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications