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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The 1969 Night Work of Women Act (Frauen-Nachtarbeitsgesetz, FrNArbG)
    originally ruled out the employment of women over an 11-hour period including
    that from 20.00 to 06.00. The bulk of the law comprised detailed exemptions
    and exceptions. When Austria acceded to the European Economic Area on 1
    January 1994 the law was amended to permit night work indiscriminately from
    the year 2001. Driven by employment concerns, new legislation was enacted in
    late 1997 permitting the social partners to conclude collective agreements on
    the night-time employment of women from 1 January 1998 provided that the
    right to return to a daytime occupation in case of a proven health hazard
    were included along with measures to compensate for the burdens of night work
    or to alleviate them. Special consideration has to be given to any necessary
    care of children up to the age of 12 (AT9711148N [1]). Collective agreements
    may empower plant-level agreements to make exceptions to the ban on night
    work.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/womens-night-work-ban-to-be-relaxed

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The death in hold-ups of three Belgian security guards collecting and
    delivering cash sparked off a general strike in the sector in January 1998,
    which continues at the time of writing (mid-February). Demanding better
    security and the recognition of risks specific to this kind of job, security
    guards are seeking to define the conditions for the practice of this new
    profession. However, these demands, which result in new costs for the
    employers (the security and patrol companies) jeopardise their business. The
    principal customers, banks and large stores, are pressing for a reduction in
    the costs of these services and seeking ways of doing without them, and jobs
    are threatened.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The parties in bargaining over the pay and conditions of Swedish ships'
    officers are the Swedish Engineers Officers' Association (Svenska
    Maskinbefälsförbundet, SMBF) the Swedish Ship Officers' Association
    (Sveriges Fartygsbefälsförening, SFBF) and the Sea Officers' Union
    (Föreningen Sjöbefälet), on the one hand, and the Swedish Ship Owners'
    Association (Sveriges Redareförening, SRF) on the other. When the 1998 talks
    started, the trade unions called for pay increases which would increase the
    employers' costs by 11% - far beyond what other unions have claimed in the
    1998 bargaining round.

  • Report
    17 februar 1998

    This working paper consists of examples of good practice in combating age barriers in employment in a variety of European countries. Its primary intention is to inform the debate in Europe about age and employment by providing practical examples of how 'different' private and public organisations have set about trying to minimise the impact of age barriers in job recruitment and training.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    /EIROnline/ is a database on industrial relations in Europe which can be
    accessed directly through a website on the Worldwide Web. Speaking at the
    launch event held in Brussels on 22 January 1998, Pádraig Flynn, the member
    of the European Commission responsible for employment, social affairs and
    industrial relations said that: "I am convinced that EIROnline will be an
    invaluable resource for social partners, governments and EU institutions, not
    to mention all EU citizens with an interest in industrial relations." Mr
    Flynn added that "in today's ever more integrated European economy, where
    employment is the number one priority, industrial relations are increasingly
    important and practitioners and policy-makers need to keep up with
    developments in this field in all the countries of the Union. EIROnline goes
    a long way towards meeting these needs."

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Bargaining over equal opportunities has been a central element in the 1998
    round of negotiations in the Portuguese footwear industry. Even though equal
    rights and, above all, equal pay are guaranteed by law and collective
    bargaining, inequality continues because of structural and cultural factors.
    Positive actions taken by workers and trade unions have centred around
    structuring careers and overcoming cultural barriers.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In December 1997, management and trade unions signed a major agreement on the
    reorganisation of Barilla - Italy's largest food group - and on investments
    and new jobs.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In late 1997, a legislative proposal was submitted to the Dutch Parliament to
    reduce the use of anti-takeover measures in listed companies. A few months
    earlier, the Corporate Governance Committee had issued its final report.
    Discussions surrounding corporate governance have focused on the position of
    shareholders vis-à-vis the management board and the supervisory board
    members. The trade union movement has particularly criticised the lack of
    attention paid to workers' interests.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The four-year dispute between the workers and management of the Barcelona
    Metro seems to have come to an end in January 1998, with the acceptance by
    70% of the workforce of the pension plan that the UGT and CC.OO trade unions
    negotiated with the company.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Prompted by the fatal accident that took place on 3 January 1998 in a paper
    mill in Thrace, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) has proposed
    a series of measures to deal with the problem of industrial accidents. The
    accident once again brought to the fore the question of health and safety at
    the workplace, highlighting the nationwide problem of non-implementation of
    the proper measures. The GSEE attributes industrial accidents to reductions
    in production costs which have a negative impact on safety conditions.

Series

  • European Quality of Life Surveys

    The European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2003, with the latest edition in 2016. It examines both the objective circumstances of people's lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. It covers issues around employment, income, education, housing, family, health and work–life balance. It also looks at subjective topics, such as people's levels of happiness and life satisfaction, and perceptions of the quality of society.

  • European Jobs Monitor

    This series brings together publications and other outputs of the European Jobs Monitor (EJM), which tracks structural change in European labour markets. The EJM analyses shifts in the employment structure in the EU in terms of occupation and sector and gives a qualitative assessment of these shifts using various proxies of job quality – wages, skill-levels, etc.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2016

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2016, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2015

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2015, the sixth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 1996

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 1996, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2001

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2001, which was an extension of the EWCS 2000 to cover the then 12 acceding and candidate countries. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2000

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2000, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Company Survey 2004

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the first edition of the survey carried out in 2004–2005 under the name European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

Forthcoming publications