Publications

Browse publications

Latest publications

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A December 1997 ruling by the European Court of Justice has declared that the
    Italian state's monopoly of job placement services is contrary to the
    principles of free competition, and is therefore illegitimate. The judgment
    comes at a time when the job placement system is being reformed in Italy, and
    is therefore likely to accelerate the move towards the greater liberalisation
    of labour market mediation in the country.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Association of Finnish Lawyers has rejected the new national incomes
    policy agreement, which was approved by AKAVA, the confederation to which it
    belongs, on 12 December 1997. The Association believes that pay for state
    lawyers is well below that for equal work in the private sector

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Danish Confederation of Trade Unions (Landsorganisationen i Danmark, LO)
    celebrates the 100th anniversary of its creation in 1998. The celebration
    will be most noticeable through a wide range of cultural and union activities
    unfolding throughout the year (which will be reported in subsequent EIRO
    records), and here we take the opportunity to look at recent developments in
    LO's organisation, membership and political links.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In the past decade, Ireland has developed a system of social participation
    which plays a major role in the conduct of economic and social policy. This
    approach began in 1987, with a three-year agreement [1] between the
    Government, the trade union movement, employers and agricultural interests.
    This lifted the country from the deep economic and social crisis of the 1980s
    and facilitated a return to growth. That agreement was followed by three
    further social partnership programmes, the latest of which is /Partnership
    2000/ (IE9702103F [2]). These agreements determine the growth of pay in both
    the public and private sector, but also embody a negotiated approach to a
    wide range of economic and social policies. The consensus which underpinned
    these agreements was, to a large extent, developed in the National Economic
    and Social Council (NESC), a deliberative body in which the social partners
    and senior civil servants undertake analysis and discussion of strategic
    issues. Following agreement on the strategic priorities, negotiation of the
    programmes was undertaken in a separate body, the Central Review Committee,
    which also monitors the implementation of the programmes.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/programme-for-national-recovery-pnr
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/social-partners-agree-three-year-national-programme

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    Luxembourg's two public transport trade unions called a 48-hour strike in
    January 1998 in protest against the Government's intention to reduce their
    members' pensions.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    The Spanish trade unions and employers' organisations which signed the
    important labour market reform agreements in April 1997 (the "April
    agreements") have carried out a review of their results over the first six
    months, which was published in January 1998. The social partners agree in
    general that the results are positive, but have reservations on some points.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A collective agreement on working time was concluded in the construction
    industry on 9 August 1996. Although it became effective retroactively from 1
    July 1996, its first impact was felt only in 1997. The main aim was to reduce
    the industry's reliance on the national unemployment insurance system though
    workers being laid off during the winter, and to distribute the cost of doing
    so between enterprises and employees. It is now possible to make a first
    assessment of the deal's effects.

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    In 1992, the Municipal Workers' Union (Kommunalarbetareförbundet) and the
    Swedish Association of Local Authorities (Kommunförbundet) agreed to change
    the collective agreement on pensions then in force, with the effect that the
    pensioners did not receive the benefits they had counted on (SE9709136F [1]).
    A former sheet-metal worker, Knut Törling, sued his former employer, the
    City of Stockholm, claiming in all SEK 7,794, plus interest on overdue
    payment. Mr Törling argued that pension rights are the workers' acquired
    rights which a trade union cannot dispose of without a special authorisation
    from each member concerned, and he had never given such an authorisation to
    the Municipal Workers' Union. Therefore the City of Stockholm could not
    invoke the new collective agreement against him.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/undefined/agreement-on-inferior-pension-terms-challenged-in-court

  • Article
    27 januar 1998

    A report on the service offered by the Greek public administration, released
    in January 1998, contains proposals aimed at achieving greater efficiency,
    greater responsibility amongst public servants, better management of the
    workforce and a better response to citizens' needs.

Series

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, conducted in three rounds – in April and July 2020 and in March 2021. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This series includes its restructuring-related databases (events, support instruments and legislation) as well as case studies and publications.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

  • New forms of employment

    This series reports on the new forms of employment emerging across Europe that are driven by societal, economic and technological developments and are different from traditional standard or non-standard employment in a number of ways. This series explores what characterises these new employment forms and what implications they have for working conditions and the labour market.

  • European Company Surveys

    The European Company Survey (ECS) is carried out every four to five years since its inception in 2004–2005, with the latest edition in 2019. The survey is designed to provide information on workplace practices to develop and evaluate socioeconomic policy in the EU. It covers issues around work organisation, working time arrangements and work–life balance, flexibility, workplace innovation, employee involvement, human resource management, social dialogue, and most recently also skills use, skills strategies and digitalisation.

Forthcoming publications