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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 12 February 1998, the European Commission adopted a report on the
    implementation of the Council Recommendation of 31 March 1992 on childcare
    (92/241/EEC [1]). The Recommendation was adopted as part of the Community's
    Third Equal Opportunities Action Programme (1991-5) and the Commission's
    social Action Programme accompanying the 1989 Community Charter of the
    Fundamental Social Rights of Workers [2] (the "Social Charter"). Both the
    Third Action Programme and the Social Charter emphasised the importance of
    measures to enable men and women to reconcile work and family life. Such
    measures were to act as a means to achieve greater equality of opportunity
    for women and men in the labour market. The 1998 guidelines for Member
    States' employment policies [3], which were adopted by the Council of
    Ministers in December 1997 (EU9712174N [4]), also call for adequate provision
    to be made for the care of children and other dependants in order to enable
    greater equality in the labour market.

    [1] http://europa.eu.int/comm/sg/scadplus/leg/en/cha/c10916.htm
    [2] http://eurotext.ulst.ac.uk/policy/social/charter/92826097/92826toc.html#x
    [3] http://europa.eu.int/comm/employment_social/elm/summit/en/papers/guide2.htm
    [4] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/observatories/eurwork/articles/1998-employment-policy-guidelines-adopted

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    A European "cross-border employment centre" has recently been established in
    Valença, as part of a European Community EURES project that covers northern
    Portugal and Galicia in Spain. The initiative aims to combat clandestine
    labour, promote greater transparency in the labour market and encourage the
    mobility of workers within Europe.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The distribution of earned and household incomes (Arbeits- und
    Haushaltseinkommen) in Germany has been displaying growing "social
    polarisation" for some considerable time. This is the finding of a new report
    published by the Institute for Economics and Social Science (Wirtschafts- und
    Sozialwissenschaftliches Institut, WSI) - "Verteilungspolitik; Chronik eines
    angekündigten politischen Selbstmords", Claus Schäfer, in WSI-Mitteilungen
    Vol. 50, No.10 (1997). The reasons for this development range from structural
    changes in employment relationships to the implementation of moderate
    collective bargaining policies and active redistribution through state social
    and tax policies.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, a law was passed by the Greek Parliament under which labour
    relations may be altered in public enterprises in financial difficulties. The
    Government subsequently decided to implement a package of measures on public
    enterprises, one of whose aims, according to the Prime Minister, is Greece' s
    immediate integration and participation in EU Economic and Monetary Union.
    These developments have sparked opposition from the trade unions, and Greek
    General Confederation of Labour has drawn up alternative proposals.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    A dispute in the Dutch secondary education sector, which had been brewing for
    several months, finally erupted into a national "relay" strike in February
    1998. The teachers' workload is at the heart of the conflict: the trade
    unions demand that the number of teaching hours be reduced, while the
    employers respond that they lack the funds.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 3 February 1998, the Association of Finnish Lawyers approved an agreement
    following the guidelines of the new national incomes policy agreement. In
    connection with the reform of the pay system, the VTML employers' body
    promised to pay attention to the special problems of court lawyers and
    associate lawyers.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    A High-Level Group on the controversial issue of trade union recognition [1]
    has advocated that the problem should be tackled within the context of
    Ireland's voluntary collective bargaining system. If accepted, this would
    mean a mediation role on recognition for the Advisory Service of the Labour
    Relations Commission [2] and a non-binding recommendation from the Labour
    Court [3] if mediation were to fail. As matters currently stand, the Labour
    Court already issues recommendations on issues concerning trade union
    recognition, invariably upholding the right of workers to union
    representation.

    [1] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/recognised-trade-union
    [2] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/labour-relations-commission
    [3] www.eurofound.europa.eu/ef/efemiredictionary/labour-court-2

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 1 January 1998, responsibility for the National Institute of Employment in
    these regions was transferred to the Generalitat of Catalonia and the Xunta
    of Galicia. This marked the beginning of a new model for the administration
    of employment services in Spain, whose main challenge is the effective
    coordination of the different authorities working in the sphere of job
    placement. Trade unions have objected to some aspects of the transfer in
    Catalonia.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 20 February 1998, representatives of decision-making bodies, businesses,
    trade unions and non -governmental organisations from the USA and the
    European Union met in Brussels to exchange views on codes of conduct aimed at
    safeguarding basic labour standards and protecting human rights. The meeting
    highlighted the recent adoption of such standards in several sectors on both
    sides of the Atlantic. The symposium was part of a wider transatlantic agenda
    of action which aims to promote the development of codes of conduct
    concerning working conditions.

Series

  • European Company Survey 2009

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2009, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • European Company Survey 2013

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2013, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2003

    Eurofound’s European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2003, the first edition of the survey.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2007

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2007, the second edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003.

  • European Quality of Life Survey 2012

    Eurofound's European Quality of Life Survey (EQLS) examines both the objective circumstances of European citizens' lives and how they feel about those circumstances and their lives in general. This series consists of outputs from the EQLS 2012, the third edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2003. 

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2005

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2005, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • European Working Conditions Survey 2010

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the EWCS 2010, the fifth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Manufacturing employment outlook

    This publication series explores scenarios for the future of manufacturing. The employment implications (number of jobs by sector, occupation, wage profile, and task content) under various possible scenarios are examined. The scenarios focus on various possible developments in global trade and energy policies and technological progress and run to 2030.

Forthcoming publications