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  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 22 February 1998, negotiations between the Confederation of Danish
    Industries (Dansk Industri, DI) and the Central Organisation of Industrial
    Employees in Denmark (Centralorganisationen af Industriansatte i Danmark,
    CO-industri) broke down. The DI/CO-industri bargaining unit covers some
    210,000 workers in industry, or some 62% of all the employees whose
    collective agreements are due to be renewed by 1 March 1998. The norm-setting
    effect of the agreement in industry is estimated to affect agreements
    covering an additional 100,000 workers. As other bargaining units in the
    private sector await the outcome of the negotiations in the industrial
    sector, the breakdown in talks meant that a major conflict across the whole
    private sector could have broken out on 2 March 1998, the day after the
    current agreements expire.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Trade unions in the state-owned aircraft maintenance company, TEAM Aer
    Lingus, are considering a management offer to buy out employment guarantees
    made to workers who transferred over from the former maintenance and
    engineering division of the parent company in 1990. The guarantees are in the
    form of individually signed "letters of comfort" and state that the workers
    formally remain as employees of Aer Lingus"as if TEAM did not exist"
    (IE9711235F [1]).


  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, the UGT trade union confederation signed the second general
    collective agreement for the Spanish construction sector, over three months
    after it was signed by the CC.OO union confederation and the CNC employers'
    organisation, thus ending the bargaining deadlock in the industry.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    The new collective agreement for white-collar workers in Luxembourg's iron
    and steel industry, signed in January 1998, includes an overall pay increase
    of 1.85% spread over two years and ratifies an existing profit-sharing

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    On 3 February 1998, the 40-nation Council of Europe's Committee of Ministers
    recommended that the German Government change the country's restrictive legal
    provisions on industrial action. According to a recommendation (No. RChS(98)2
    [1]) agreed by an absolute majority of two-thirds of the Council of Europe's
    members, the German legislation on strikes does not conform with the
    Council's European Social Charter [2] in which the contracting parties
    recognise: "the right of workers and employers to collective action in cases
    of conflicts of interest, including the right to strike, subject to
    obligations that might arise out of collective agreements previously entered
    into" (Article 6, para. 4).


  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In February 1998, the Greek General Confederation of Labour (GSEE) appealed
    to the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and other international
    organisations and national bodies, with a view to repealing a new law which
    provides for labour relations in some public corporations to be governed by
    law rather than collective bargaining.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    In his speech traditionally delivered on New Year's day, the Prime Minister,
    Poul Nyrup Rasmussen, emphasised the need for improved conditions for
    families with small children, and state that the social partners should play
    a more prominent part in this regard.

  • Article
    27 februar 1998

    Recent reforms of the labour market in Spain propose new forms of
    institutional control over dismissal for objective reasons, through
    collective bargaining. However, a December 1997 subsectoral local agreement
    in the Vilafranca del Penedès wine-making sector has revealed certain
    constraints on the power of workers' representatives to negotiate and monitor


  • European Restructuring Monitor

    The European Restructuring Monitor (ERM) has reported on the employment impact of large-scale business restructuring since 2002. This publication series include the ERM reports, as well as blogs, articles and working papers on restructuring-related events in the EU27 and Norway.

  • European Working Conditions Telephone Survey 2021

    Eurofound’s European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) paints a wide-ranging picture of Europe at work across countries, occupations, sectors and age groups. This series consists of findings from the European Working Conditions Telephone Survey (EWCTS) 2021, an extraordinary edition conducted during the COVID-19 pandemic. The survey was first carried out in 1990.

  • Developments in working life, industrial relations and working conditions in the EU

    This publication series gathers all overview reports on developments in working life, annual reviews in industrial relations and working conditions produced by Eurofound on the basis of national contributions from the Network of Eurofound Correspondents (NEC). Since 1997, these reports have provided overviews of the latest developments in industrial relations and working conditions across the EU and Norway. The series may include recent ad hoc articles written by members of the NEC.

  • COVID-19

    Eurofound’s work on COVID-19 examines the far-reaching socioeconomic implications of the pandemic across Europe as they continue to impact living and working conditions. A key element of the research is the e-survey, launched in April 2020, with five rounds completed at different stages during 2020, 2021 and 2022. This is complemented by the inclusion of research into the ongoing effects of the pandemic in much of Eurofound’s other areas of work.

  • Sectoral social dialogue

    Eurofound's representativeness studies are designed to allow the European Commission to identify the ‘management and labour’ whom it must consult under article 154 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU). This series consists of studies of the representativeness of employer and worker organisations in various sectors.

  • Minimum wages in the EU

    This series reports on developments in minimum wage rates across the EU, including how they are set and how they have developed over time in nominal and real terms. The series explores where there are statutory minimum wages or collectively agreed minimum wages in the Member States, as well as minimum wage coverage rates by gender.  

  • European Working Conditions Surveys

    The European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) launched in 1990 and is carried out every five years, with the latest edition in 2015. It provides an overview of trends in working conditions and quality of employment for the last 30 years. It covers issues such as employment status, working time duration and organisation, work organisation, learning and training, physical and psychosocial risk factors, health and safety, work–life balance, worker participation, earnings and financial security, work and health, and most recently also the future of work.

  • Challenges and prospects in the EU

    Eurofound’s Flagship report series 'Challenges and prospects in the EU' comprise research reports that contain the key results of multiannual research activities and incorporate findings from different related research projects. Flagship reports are the major output of each of Eurofound’s strategic areas of intervention and have as their objective to contribute to current policy debates.

  • European Company Survey 2019

    Eurofound’s European Company Survey (ECS) maps and analyses company policies and practices which can have an impact on smart, sustainable and inclusive growth, as well as the development of social dialogue in companies. This series consists of outputs from the ECS 2019, the fourth edition of the survey. The survey was first carried out in 2004–2005 as the European Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance. 

  • National social partners and policymaking

    This series reports on and updates latest information on the involvement of national social partners in policymaking. The series analyses the involvement of national social partners in the implementation of policy reforms within the framework of social dialogue practices, including their involvement in elaborating the National Reform Programmes (NRPs).

Forthcoming publications